Surveillance and appraisal

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  • This paper outlines the development of the sociological study of medical autonomy and how recent reforms in medical regulation in the United Kingdom illustrate how medical elites are proactively introducing formal performance surveillance and appraisal mechanisms and processes within medical training as they respond to challenges to traditional professional self-regulatory privileges, such as greater state, inter-professional and non-medical involvement in the governance of medical expertise.

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  • A diverse set of regulatory approaches and enforcement tools is applied to a sizeable universe of regulated entities by these multiple regulating authorities to ensure compliance. A general discussion of enforcement monitoring and response tools is included in this report, followed by a summary of recent fiscal year federal funding levels for enforcement activities. Discussion of available enforcement data sources, as well as tables illustrating examples of trends in enforcement activities, is presented in the two appendixes.

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  • Competencies within different contexts may require different bundles of skills, knowledge and attitudes. The challenge is to determine which competencies can be bundled together to provide the optimal grouping for performing tasks. Another challenge is designing learning experiences that support students as they practice using and applying these competencies in different contexts. Continual refinement of defined competencies is necessary so that enhanced performance in a variety of contexts can be assessed. In essence, CBE is a process, not a product. ...

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  • Risks associated with pesticide application in poultry production are greatest during handling and mixing of concentrates prior to application. Spills and splash during mixing and airborne particulates while loading applicators are the most likely exposure events. As with mixing and loading, dermal, oral and inhalation exposure during premise treatment are also possible.

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  • While the Agenda 21 covered most aspects of water resources management, some have assumed much greater importance in the intervening 20 years. Similarly, while improved water resources management and development is fundamental to achieving all the MDGs, it is not specifically mentioned. This has hampered efforts to raise the profile of water resources in policy debates. Transboundary water issues were given little prominence in 1992; indeed many countries in sensitive transboundary situations were reluctant to discuss such issues.

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  • During the past year the Board was also active on the policy front, releasing a major report on ten years of medical malpractice payments in Massachusetts, from 1994 to 2003. The Board also directed its Patient Care Assessment unit to monitor and oversee the implementation of the recommendations made in the Department of Public Health/Betsy Lehman Center report on weight loss surgery.

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  • The G&J Program works to build and deepen the interest and capacity of social justice constituencies to engage with new human genetic and reproductive technologies. The Program works in collaboration with allied organizations at the state and national levels to safeguard and expand the human rights, equality and health of women, LGBTQI communities, people with disabilities, and communities of color in an age of human biotechnology.

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  • The stigma of HIV often exacerbates this situation because when men die women are easily blamed for bringing HIV into the household, no matter if it is true or not. In Zambia, women working with Huairou member organization Katuba Women’s Association reported being chased out of the home after their husband’s death, as they were blamed for bringing the disease into the home, despite the husbands’ known infidelities that led to the disease.

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  • Marketers are being challenged by a deluge of data that is well beyond the capacity of their organizations to comprehend and use. Their strategies are not keeping up with the disruptive effects of technology-empowered customers; the proliferation of media, channel, and customer contact points; or the possibilities for microsegmentation. Closing the widening gap between the accelerating complexity of their markets and the limited ability of their organizations to respond demands new thinking about marketing capabilities.

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  • A literature has developed on whether discrimination in the marketplace due to prejudice disappears in the long run. Whether employers who do not want to discriminate will eventually compete away all discriminating employ- ers depends not only on the distribution of tastes for discrimination among potential employers, but critically also on the nature of firm production functions. Of greater significance empirically is the long run discrimination by employees and customers, who are far more important sources of market discrimination than employers.

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  • Depression is more common in women than in men and is known to be mediated by serotonin receptor levels [43,63]. Specifically, depression is linked to decreased density of serotonin receptors and decreased efficacy of serotonin in the brain. The increased risk, timing of onset, and effectiveness of treatment of depression in women may be mediated by estrogen's effect on serotonin recep- tors.

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  • Here you will establish the case for the publication and the enterprise in which it will operate. This includes an objective assessment of the environment in which your journal will be launched and its justification for the publisher and as a strategic response to market demand. The examination will focus on characteristics of the community to be served and the needs that will be satisfied by your Open Access model, perhaps delineated by importance and/or priority. Be sure to underscore any innovative or unique aspects of the undertaking, as well as precedents for your product and model.

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  • To avoid credit rationing, banks use other methods to screen potential borrowers. 24 For example, banks can use extensive and comprehensive covenants on loans to mitigate agency costs. As new information arrives, covenants can be renegotiated. Covenants may also require collateral or personal guarantees from firms about their future activities and business practises in order to maximise the probability of repayment. The banks lending history produces valuable information that evolves over time.

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  • Funds raising money outside the United States often rely on Regulation S under the Securities Act for their exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act. Regulation S uses a territorial approach for offers and sales of securities pursuant to which the registration requirements of the Securities Act apply to persons in the United States, regardless of citizenship, but do not apply to persons residing outside the United States.

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  • The goal of this work is to gather the basic experimental data and knowledge to build this CAD tool. Then, it describes its initial features, experience and results that we have achieved so far. The paper is organized as follows. First, the related work section presents the studies and empirical models that describe the power losses in a wireless network depending on the material. The section also presents the different disciplines involved in the development of an AmI system.

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  • The general approach to treatment is summarized in Figure 1. Because of the relatively high proportion of adult patients with tuberculosis caused by organisms that are resistant to isoniazid, four drugs are necessary in the initial phase for the 6-month regimen to be maximally effective. Thus, in most circumstances, the treatment regimen for all adults with previously untreated tuberculosis should consist of a 2-month initial phase of isoniazid (INH), rifampin (RIF), pyrazinamide (PZA), and ethambutol (EMB) (Table 2, Regimens 1–3).

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  • Sensitivity: We believe that sensitivity means a compassionate awareness of the stress experienced by families with ill and injured children, and an understanding of the impact it can have on the emotions and behavior of the children and families in our care. We strive both to anticipate and respond to issues arising from complex personal and family situations, and to provide the support that can contribute to the best possible outcome for the child and family.

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  • Childhood obesity is a global epidemic and rising trends in overweight and obesity are apparent in both developed and developing countries. Available estimates for the period between the 1980s and 1990s show the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children increased by a magnitude of two to five times in developed countries (e.g. from 11% to over 30% in boys in Canada), and up to almost four times in developing countries (e.g. from 4% to 14% in Brazil).

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