The concept of forest sustainability dates from centuries ago, although the
understanding of sustainable forest management (SFM) as an instrument that
harmonizes ecological and socio-economic concerns is relatively new. The change in
perspective occurred at the beginning of the 1990s in response to an increased
awareness of the deterioration of the environment, in particular of the alarming loss of
forest resources. The main and most striking cause of this deterioration is the
deforestation occurring in some areas of the world.
Forests are an integral part of global sustainable development. The World Bank
estimates more than 1.6 billion people to be dependent on forests for their livelihoods
with some 300 million living in them. The forest product industry is a source of
economic growth and employment, with global forest products traded internationally
is estimated at $327 billion. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates
that every year 130,000 km² of the world's forests are lost due to deforestation.
Sustainable forest management (SFM) is not a new concept. However, its popularity
has increased in the last few decades because of public concern about the dramatic
decrease in forest resources. SFM is generally implemented using criteria and
indicators (C&I) that define forest management standards, and several countries have
established their own sets of C&I within the framework of different international or
regional processes. Nevertheless, none of the C&I systems have been universally
accepted and future research should consider the current and future indicators....
Remote sensing has been defined as the detection, recognition, or evaluation of
objects by means of distant sensing or recording devices. In recent decades, remote
sensing technology has emerged to support data collection and analysis methods of
potential interest and importance in forest management. Historically, digital remote
sensing developed quickly from the technology of aerial photography and photointerpretation
science. In forestry, information extracted visually from aerial photographs
is well-understood, well-used, and integrated with field surveys.
This study looks at whether Vietnam could adopt the Payment for Environmental Services (PES) approach as part of its national conservation strategy. Using a pilot study in the country’s uplands, it investigates how such a scheme might run and assesses its impact on the environment and on the local people’s livelihoods. Through a review of current Vietnamese conservation practice, it assesses the barriers to the adoption of such schemes and the factors that might encourage their implementation....
William Bentley is the principal of Salmon Brook Associates in North Granby CT.
He recently retired as Professor of Forest Policy and Management at the SUNY
College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse NY, where he was Chair,
Faculty of Forest and Natural Resources Management. He taught forest and natural
resource economics at Michigan, Yale and other universities, managed Forestry
Research for the Crown Zellerbach Corporation in the 1970s, worked for the Ford
Foundation in New Delhi, India, and later was a senior program officer with
From the arid deserts of Tucson, Arizona to the icy forests of Poori, Finland to the tropical beaches of New South Wales, Australia to the urban jungle of downtown Manhattan, critics Alanna Stang and Christopher Hawthorne have traveled to the farthest reaches of the globe to find all that is new in the design of sustainable, or "green," homes. The result: more than thirty-five residences in fifteen countries -- and nearly every conceivable natural environment -- designed by a combination of star architects and heretofore unknown practitioners....
Research in tropical forestry is confronted with the task of finding strategies to alleviate pressure on remaining forests, and techniques to enhance forest regeneration and restore abandoned lands, using productive alternatives that can be attractive to local human populations. In addition, sustainable forestry in tropical countries must be supported by adequate policies to promote and maintain specific activities at local and regional scales.
Sustainability of forest plantations: plantations can be developed indefinitely for rotation after turning on the same page? productivity can be maintained through rotations? It is possible if we apply appropriate silvicultural management techniques. How silvicultural management can help maintain bring?
The world's reliance on existing sources of energy and their associated detrimental impacts on the environment- whether related to poor air or water quality or scarcity, impacts on sensitive ecosystems and forests and land use - have been well documented and articulated over the last three decades. What is needed by the world is a set of credible energy solutions that would lead us to a balance between economic growth and a sustainable environment.
The world's reliance on existing sources of energy and their associated detrimental impacts on the environment- whether related to poor air or water quality or scarcity, impacts on sensitive ecosystems and forests and land use - have been well documented and articulated over the last three decades.
This project supports the development of crops with small profit in central Vietnam, developing high-value sawlogs glue for the wood processing industry of Vietnam's solid. Project to build scientific capacity of the Forest Science Institute of Vietnam (FSIV) to breed varieties suitable for acacia sawlog production, research and silvicultural applications to support sustainable forest and profitable.
Forests play an important role in reducing erosion. In Vietnam, destroying natural forests in mountainous areas has caused serious environmental problems for sustainable development. Required forest areas for protection of soils from erosion in Vietnam are defined in this study. An algorithm of defining required forest area for soil erosion prevention is based on a comparison of soil loss prediction and its threshold of 10 ton ha-1yr-1 (soil loss tolerance) within the GIS environment. Soil loss is predicted from rainfall erosivity index, slope, porosity and...
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has entrusted the Vietnam Forestry Science Institute with research into and development of “Effective and sustainable planting of production forests in the Northern mountainous region”. This paper provides some initial results from surveys on the marketing of products from such forests in the Northern
The approach is applied to sustainable social marketing channels for agroforest commodities, notably non -timber products and services. Their development will often benefit the poor social minorities living near or in forests but will not succeed unless other markets – for inputs, credit, labor, and even foreign exchange – exist and are free of inappropriate policies.
The term environment broadly indicates the surroundings of an individual
organism or a community of organisms, ranging on up to the entire biosphere,
the zone of Earth that is able to sustain life. By surroundings is meant all the
nonliving and living materials that play any role in an organism's existence,
from soil and air to what the organism feeds on and the organisms that may
feed on it. Any other factors acting on the organism, such as heat and light and
gravitation, make up its environment as well. In the case of human beings,
cultural factors may also be included in the term....
This book is produced using paper that is made from wood grown in managed, sustainable forests. It is natural, renewable and recyclable. The logging and manufacturing processes conform to the environmental regulations of the country of origin. Text computer typeset by A & C Black Printed in Spain by Graphycems
The Mekong River Delta in Vietnam can be considered as a large tropical wetland, in which two typical eco-forest wetlands can be distinguished: the inland Melaleuca forest wetlands and the coastal mangrove forest wetlands. Their main functions are the provision of forest commodities, the regulation of the water balance and biodiversity conservation. However as elsewhere under human pressure their existence is under the threat of forest fires and deforestation. Their protection requires the implementation of a multi-level national or sub-national planning policy.
Soil fertility describes soil nutrient status and the factors controlling the supply of
nutrients to plants. Continued efforts to improve soil fertility are required to support
the world's growing demand for food, fiber, and renewable fuels. Important ecological
services provided by soils, such as biodiversity, buffering capacity, and nutrient
recycling benefit from the amendments applied to sustain soil fertility. Those
amendments need to be applied in a manner that is both economical and practical for
the producer to achieve agronomic objectives that are environmentally sound.
Other functions not described in this document may be available. However, this fact shall not constitute an obligation to supply such functions with a new control, or when
servicing.We have checked that the contents of this document correspond to the hardware and software described. There may be discrepancies nevertheless, and no guarantee can be given that they are completely identical. The information contained in this document is reviewed regularly and any necessary changes will be included in the next edition. We welcome suggestions for improvement.