Xem 1-20 trên 107 kết quả Sustainable funding
  • Progress Microfinance has been implemented through two actions, both of which are managed by EIF. They are: 1) a guarantee instrument to providers of micro-credit (funded entirely by the European Commission); and 2) a structured investment vehicle set up under Luxembourg law, the European Progress Microfinance Fund, funded by the European Commission and the EIB.

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  • Thus, the study of mutual funds in emerging markets is overdue for those who need a fuller understanding of their investment conditions. In addition, this would allow an out-of- sample test to challenge existing asset pricing models and lead to the development of new empirical models. This study seeks to shed light on mutual fund investment in emerging markets and specifically focuses on three issues: performance, determinants of performance and the role of liquidity on performance and performance measure.

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  • Traditionally, large distribution networks were developed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India and the Unit Trust of India for their own products. The LIC model involved engaging deeply with distributors and agents, by educating and equipping them to sell. Agents were well-compensated and penetration was deep. In return, the agents worked exclusively with LIC and did not sell other products. Unlike this, the mutual fund distribution network evolved in an open architecture mode.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'sustainable development – education, business and management – architecture and building construction – agriculture and food security', kinh doanh - tiếp thị, quản trị kinh doanh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The World Bank (WB) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), as the leading lending agencies, have been under mounting pressure to deal with a wide range of debt sustainability challenges. The challenges have refused to subside. Instead they continue to stimulate urgent need for a new debt sustainability framework and debt management orientation that can allow for the borrowing economies to break the vicious circle of unending distress.

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  • A summary of the different styles of hedge funds and the proportion of the market they occupy is shown in Table 4, based on Hedge Fund Industry Research data. An indication of the broad activity involved in the style is shown on the right hand side. Most of these strategies are long-short in nature: all of the equity hedge (e.g. long a stock and long a put to hedge its fall); most of event driven (e.g. buy the target M&A company and sell the buyer); all of relative value arbitrage (e.g. buy the London listing and sell the...

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  • The Portfolio Improvement Program (PIP) was launched by the World Bank about a year ago to improve the performance of its project portfo- lio. Within that review, the performance of social funds was evaluated for such things as efficiency, targeting, and sustainability. As the largest multilateral development finance agency, the World Bank lends about US$20 billion annually for development all over the world. Its portfolio of 1,500 projects under implementation accounts for close to US$120 billion of commitment on the part of the World Bank.

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  • Project objectives should therefore contribute to national and sector policies wherever a public sector activity is being supported. When non-state actors are implementing projects, a distinction needs to be made drawn between activities fully outside the realm of the public sector and activities undertaken on behalf of government. In the latter case, non-state actors typically deliver services of a public nature as if these services had been ‘contracted out’ by government.

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  • The primary form of funding for both the Flemish and French-language public broadcasters is government appropriations that are established between the broadcaster and ruling government via a “management contract.” These contracts (created every five years) set forth funding levels for the length of the contract and tie that funding to a variety of performance criteria (D’Haenens et al. 2009). Objectives are established in four broad areas — services (e.g.

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  • Thus, even though this investor disregards any possibility of active management skills, she holds actively managed funds to capitalize on predictability in benchmark returns and fund risk loadings in a way that cannot be accomplished via long-only index fund positions. Next, consider an investor who allows for predictability in active management skills. At the end of 2002, this investor optimally selects actively managed precious metals funds.

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  • Next, we analyze the stockholdings implied by the strategies examined here. The evidence shows that predictability-based strategies hold mutual funds with similar size, book-to-market, and momentum characteristics as their no-predictability counterparts. Predictability-based strategies also hold stocks with characteristics similar to those of the holdings of the three previously studied strategies noted earlier.

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  • The first Section of this book starts with a collection of articles about sustainable education or education for sustainable development. The papers present research and practices of teaching and education as essential tools for achieving sustainable development. Alternative perspective to funding public schools and Universities are also presented in this section. The goal is to foster the increased quality of teaching and learning and help countries make progress toward development.

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  • The Thirteenth Replenishment Agreement of the World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA), covering the period 2003-5 inclusive, introduced grant financing for the first time in IDA’s 40-year history. The Agreement recognized that unsustainable levels of debt should be a criterion for eligibility of grants for low-income borrowers, along with criteria such as the exigencies of natural disasters, conflict and the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In IDA 13, each borrower was subject to a cap of grant funding equivalent to 40 percent of its total IDA allocation.

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  • The activities in this document aim to outline the various stages in the teaching of writing that a teacher needs to consider. No-one would advocate giving a learner an empty sheet of paper and a title and telling them to write a story or a report, except in an examination for which they had been fully prepared. The fear of that empty page is very real to many learners who have no idea how to begin the process and feel they are devoid of ideas and expertise; they can become demoralised, lose confidence and be put off writing for life unless they are explicitly taught strategies to cope....

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  • PSI President and CEO Karl Hofmann recalls: “In just over 10 years, the YouthAIDS platform grew into a brand that drove attention and resources for HIV prevention and education. PSI, at that time, was a highly successful implementing organization but traveled below the radar with little brand awareness except among a small set of development insiders. By creatively marketing the HIV implementation arm of our organization in a more attractive and media friendly way, Roberts was able to give YouthAIDS real substance and to raise diversified funds.

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  • This book arises out of a project funded by Scottish Homes, as part of EC Competitive Renewal Initiatives in Sustainable Europe Network Group. Our first acknowledgement is to the support of Scottish Homes for enabling this research to be conducted. Equal thanks are due of course to all the persons who offered us their time for interviews in the course of the research project in the five countries studied. Also, we would like to thank Alison Smith for her help in preparing the book. Finally, we would like to thank Dymphna Evans of Edward Elgar for her support....

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  • Carbon  sectors  is  forecast  to  exceed  growth  in  the more  established  Environmental  sector, where  many technologies (for example in Water and Waste Treatment) are already mature.   The Renewable Energy and Emerging Low Carbon sectors currently show a much flatter growth than  previously  forecast  for  the  period  2012  to  2015.  It  is  anticipated  that  as  economic  uncertainty  is  reduced and investment funds start to flow, these growth forecasts will rise once again.

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  • The starting point for the allocation of grants is the system in place for allocating IDA funds based on the PBA system that was described in the previous section. This ensures the link with policy performance that has increasingly been the basis on which IDA funds have been allocated in successive replenishments. Thereafter, the country groupings based on debt distress are used to allocate grant funds within the IDA country allocations that have been determined.

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  • Finance is all about the systems, institutions and instruments involved in the transfer of funds between individuals, businesses and governments. This includes vital, short-run decisions such as cash management and credit policy, which affect the survival of an organisation, as well as long-term decisions such as investment in plant and equipment, fund-raising, and mergers and takeovers, which determine the wealth of stakeholders. Your studies in finance can lead to career opportunities and also provide useful personal money management strategies.

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  • They say what doesn’t break you makes you stronger. For hedge funds, 2012 was a backbreaking year to put it mildly. Heightened market volatility, stressed global macroeconomic conditions, and underperformance relative to traditional investing vehicles were just a few of the factors that challenged hedge funds in 2012. Add the extra weight of an increasing regulatory burden, and many fund leaders might have been forgiven for packing it in.

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