Sustainable materials

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  • In this book, papers pertaining to resource management for sustainable agricultural development are presented in four parts divided into ten chapters. Part I discusses the usage of water and waste management for sustainable agricultural development including aspects like irrigation management to prevent soil and ground water salinization, production of solid fuel from oil palm waste, sustainable ecomaterials and biorefinery from agroindustrial waste, nonpoint pollution from agriculture and livestock activities on surface water....

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  • The Ramsar Convention defined the wise use of peatlands as “their sustainable use for the benefit of mankind in a way compatible with the maintenance of the natural properties of the ecosystem.” Land sustainability relates to definite periods and land uses.

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  • We are living in a risky world, and it is getting riskier and riskier. As one of my fundamental claims that have been delivered to various audience including scho-lars, practitioners and government officers, first, risk avoidance system in today’s world is becoming so interconnected; second, it is fully supported by a great of risk issues that have been addressed in this edited volume.

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  • Worldwide attention to environmental issues combined with the energy crisis force us to reduce greenhouse emissions and increase the usage of renewable energy sources as a solution to providing an efficient environment. This book addresses the current issues of sustainable growth and applications in renewable energy sources. The fifteen chapters of the book have been divided into two sections to organize the information accessible to readers.

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  • The first section of this book starts with policy and sustainable urban development: policy for the promotion of sustainable development, and sustainable planning and management to promote green space and multi-modal transportation and construction techniques that reduce pollution.

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  • We are fortunate to live in incredibly exciting and incredibly challenging time. Energy demands due to economic growth and increasing population must be satisfied in a sustainable manner assuring inherent safety, efficiency and no or minimized environmental impact. These considerations are among the reasons that lead to serious interest in deploying nuclear power as a sustainable energy source.

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  • In the early 21st century, research and development on sustainable energy harvesting (EH) technologies have started. Since then, many EH technologies have evolved, advanced and even been successfully developed into hardware prototypes for proof of concept like Helimote, AmbiMax, et al. Researchers from all around the world are devoting their precious time and efforts into finding a realistic and novel energy harvesting solutions for sustaining the operational lifetime of low‐power electronic devices like mobile gadgets, smart wireless sensor networks, etc....

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  • In January 2009 WWF-UK launched its One Planet Food programme, which aims to reduce the environmental and social impacts of food consumption in the UK. We work across the food chain to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs), protect biodiversity and reduce the impact of food on finite water resources. The aim has always been to move away from unsustainable food choices, towards sustainable ones that support global agriculture and biodiversity. Since 1960 the world’s population has doubled, increasing the demand for food and impacting on the climate and our ecosystems.

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  • The AKT solfware and WaNuLCAS modelling combined nicely to evaluate both the current and future ecological effects and economic potential of the bamboo- based AF systems. Under hedgerow intercropping (BambooHed), bamboo prevents erosion and improves soil fertility. The bamboo products (mainly from Tre gai and Hop species) harvested from the hedges provide farmers with important income as well as material for household.

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  • The objective of the research is to assess the reinforcement possibility of CNT in the rubber substrate and blend rubber in order to create rubber nanocomposite materials with a high mechanical properties, sustainability in the solvent, and suitable electrical conductivity.

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  • Several agencies and organizations have intensified their efforts to increase the productivity of land in these countries.They have introduced new strains of seed, improved irrigation techniques, and introduced new methods of fertilization and soil management.With ample sunlight for photosynthesis and modern irrigation techniques, sustainable farming techniques should allow farmers to boost aggregate production in order to meet demand.

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  • The U.S. economic expansion is now in its tenth year, showing no signs of slowing down. The rate of labor productivity growth has doubled in recent years, instead of falling as the expansion matured as in previous postwar expansions. Moreover, core inflation remains low despite record employment and the lowest jobless rates in a generation. Our sustained economic strength with low inflation suggests that the U.S.

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  • The authors and publisher would like to express their gratitude to Stephen Slater their editor and to Frank Packenham for page layout, typesetting, visuals and editing assistance. Thanks to: all teachers and students at CALUSA who helped to trial the test practice materials, in particular Steve Cook, Joan Tobella and Barbara Reichert; to the students of ELP, Universitas Islam Indonesia for their assistance with trialling materials

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  • Studies have been done on this focus such as the ones on sustainable agriculture, which is a philosophy that guides the development of agriculture systems in a multidisciplinary way in the areas of economy, environment, and social impact. Sustainable agriculture requires a global focus, one that is oriented towards solving the problems of the food industry and fibers industry Williams & Dollisso (1998).

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  • Technical staff in the textile industry are the backbone for the industry to run successfully. Management employ adequately qualified technical personnel and allot them to the supervisory jobs, whereas basic control of the raw materials, men, machinery procurement, devising policies etc. is controlled by the top management.

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  • These papers describe environmentally conscious design technique in the field on buildings and architecture: how to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by enhancing the energy efficiency, water efficiency, use sustainable (renewable or recyclables) materials of construction. Section 4 is a collection of articles related to sustainable agriculture and food security: systems of food production that provide secure supply to meet the world growing population.

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  • Due to economic growth and increasing population, energy demands must be satisfied in a sustainable manner assuring inherent safety, efficiency and minimized environmental impact. Nuclear power has long posed a dilemma for environmentalists and scientists alike. On the one hand it is seen as a cheap, clean energy source whilst on the other some have concerns over its ability to dispose of radioactive waste.

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  • Internal combustion engines have experienced an enjoyed monopoly for almost a century as power sources of road transport vehicles. But, in the same period, vehicle ownership and mileages increased to a level that the resulting petroleum based fuel consumption, urban air pollutants and green house gas emissions (the challenging triad) have became great concern especially for past a few decades.

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  • Wind energy is one of the most prominent renewable energy sources today. The increasing concerns with environmental issues are driving the search for more sustainable electrical sources. Wind energy along with solar energy, biomass and wave energy are possible solutions for environmentally friendly energy production. The initialization of wind power installation, which started in the beginning of 1980s, is very much related to the oil crises of the mid 1970s.

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  • he goal is to provide tools for leaders to improve both the environmental performance and overall competiveness by reducing materials, energy and water utilization. Section 5 are papers related to sustainable environment: all aspects of ecosystem for sustainable development, ecological assessment and sustainability for the environment.

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