Innovation is central to business success, yet no other aspect of business is as frustrating and out of control. Instead of occurring in fits and starts and strokes of genius, innovation needs to become an all-the-time event that’s measurable, reliable, predictable, streamlined, and effective. Asserting that every innovation objective has a finite set of possible solutions given its unique constraints, TRIZ, the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, is a structured system for making innovation more manageable and profitable. ...
The charge to this committee—to envision the future of geotechnology—
is at once a grand challenge and a problem. In
many ways, geotechnology is a mature field having come to its
majority in the last 50 years. Many serious problems have been
solved. We know how to build strong foundations, safe dams,
and stable roads and tunnels. We have a good understanding
about the behavior and protection of groundwater, how to
extract the petroleum resources, and develop a geothermal
In addition to surveys of required reading in twelfth grade and the first year of college and
consultations with experts in text complexity, two leading measurement systems were used to help
make the selections below. While other measures of readability and text complexity have value, the
two described below helped guide this initial work and confirmed that these four texts are suitable
exemplars of the types of complex texts that students need to master to be ready for college and
There is no fundamental reason that a transaction must abort as
to abort transactions due to outside events, it is due to practical
consideration. After all, forcing all other nodes in a system to wait
for the node that experienced a nondeterministic event (such as a
hardware failure) to recover could bring a system to a painfully
Each of the tools that the FOMC has available to provide further policy
accommodation--including longer-term securities asset purchases, changes in
communication, and reducing the IOER rate--has benefits and drawbacks, which must be
appropriately balanced. Under what conditions would the FOMC make further use of
these or related policy tools? At this juncture, the Committee has not agreed on specific
criteria or triggers for further action, but I can make two general observations.
Adapting Information and Communication Technologies for Effective Education addresses ICT assessment in universities, student satisfaction in management information system programs, factors that impact the successful implementation of a laptop program, student learning and electronic portfolios, and strategic planning for e-learning. Providing innovative research on several fundamental technology-based initiatives, this book will make a valuable addition to every reference library.
Globalization is such a contested term. Not only it has been considered a cliché of our
times, but at the same time it has been criticized for its lack of a precise definition. Still
it holds such an appealing and powerful voice. By the sole mention of the concept it
was able to attract the research efforts of leading specialists throughout the world,
each one of them making a contribution to the academic debate.
Engineers are natural innovators, whether they are involved in the basic development
of a completely new system, or in making an existing system work better.
Engineers and scientists1 are frequently willing to share their skills and ideas with
others. Unfortunately, they sometimes find that others are less than willing to give
appropriate credit or share the profits that can be made from these skills and ideas.
Having one’s idea stolen is an unhappy situation, but not an infrequent one.
Malaria and other vector-borne diseases are major contrib-
utors to the total global burden of disease and a significant
impediment to socioeconomic development in resource-
poor countries. Although vector control has a proven record
of saving lives by preventing, reducing or eliminating
transmission, its benefits are far from being fully realized.
The Global Strategic Framework for Integrated Vector
Management (IVM) provides a basis for strengthening
vector control in a manner that is compatible with national
In statistical machine translation, a researcher seeks to determine whether some innovation (e.g., a new feature, model, or inference algorithm) improves translation quality in comparison to a baseline system. To answer this question, he runs an experiment to evaluate the behavior of the two systems on held-out data. In this paper, we consider how to make such experiments more statistically reliable.
Although the overall technical efficiency of the system has increased
considerably, mainly due to the introduction of output-based payment systems,
allocative efficiency remains a problem. Considerable variations exist in service
delivery both geographically and by specialization, and equity of access is
far from being realized, a fact which is mirrored in differing health outcomes
for different population groups.
While North Carolina still has a long way to go, it is heartening that all of the indicators in the Report Card are being addressed.
Through new safety statutes, additional legislative appropriations, and innovative programs introduced by state and local
agencies, North Carolina continues to invest in its children.
Action for Children North Carolina and the North Carolina Institute of Medicine are pleased to support this effort through the
production of study reports and participation in evidence-based decision-making.
Voice over IP (VoIP) is undoubtedly a powerful and innovative communication tool.
Compared with the public switched telephone network (PSTN), VoIP off ers the benefi t
of reducing communication and infrastructure cost. This makes it possible for everyone
to easily keep in touch with family, friends, and clients around the world. Furthermore,
VoIP has the potential to create new and att ractive communication tools by
integrating with various applications, such as Web systems, presentation soft ware, and
Today’s ‘renaissance’ of the railways has only been possible thanks to a multitude of
powerful research initiatives aimed at making fundamental improvements in the system
as a whole. Now, keeping rail at the forefront as the most environmentally friendly major
transport mode requires an even more rapid adoption of new technologies for clean and
efﬁ cient energy.