Systems and cognition

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  • Choosing the right theoretical lens. In order to answer the articulated research questions, this dissertation will build on neo-institutional theory (Meyer and Rowan, 1977; DiMaggio and Powell, 1983; Zucker, 1987; Scott, 1987b; DiMaggio and Powell, 1991). We will refer to the institutional environment, its generation and mode of action. Hereby, we use regulative, nor- mative, and cognitive institutions (Scott, 1995) to explain the influence of regulatory actors on strategy formation.

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  • Changing time, timely change, change creating time, time measuring changeÐthe themes of this book are change and time in various per- mutations and combinations. The book also deals with nonlinearity, chaos, randomness, and stochastic models, the use of computers to study complicated systems of di¨erential equations, systems theory, complemen- tarity, the importance of formal models, methods from physics and mathe- matics for the analysis of cognitive systems, and interdisciplinarity, among other topics.

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  • Clinical neurophysiology encompasses the application of a wide variety of electrophysiologic methods to the analysis and recording of normal function, as well as to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases involving the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system and muscles. The steady increase in growth of subspecialty knowledge and skill in neurology has led to the need for a compilation of the whole range of physiologic methods applied in each of the major categories of neurologic disease.

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  • How does a child make sense of her world? Every day, children are exposed to a plethora of stimulation, only little of which has apparent structure. Take visual stimulation, for example: With every motion of the eyes, the head, or the body, the retinal image changes – at least to some extent.

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  • I will never forget the day my family got cut off from the Internet. I was hiding in my room as I usually did after school let out, holed up with a laptop I'd bought third-hand and that I nursed to health with parts from here and there and a lot of cursing and sweat. But that day, my little lappie was humming along, and I was humming with it, because I was about to take away Scot Colford's virginity. You know Scot Colford, of course. They've been watching him on telly and at the cinema since my mum was a girl, and he'd been dead...

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  • Since viewers regularly respond to films emotionally as well as cognitively, it is only natural that a student’s emotional response can occasionally overwhelm their interpretations of a film. As an instructor , I have noticed that those students who describe being bored by a given film often cannot offer much in the way of interpretation of that film during group discussions, and that consequently they often perform poorly when writing about the film.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Review Article Real-Time Measurements for Adaptive and Cognitive Radio Systems

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Research Article Zero-Forcing and Minimum Mean-Square Error Multiuser Detection in Generalized Multicarrier DS-CDMA Systems for Cognitive Radio

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  • We present and evaluate a new model for Natural Language Generation (NLG) in Spoken Dialogue Systems, based on statistical planning, given noisy feedback from the current generation context (e.g. a user and a surface realiser). We study its use in a standard NLG problem: how to present information (in this case a set of search results) to users, given the complex tradeoffs between utterance length, amount of information conveyed, and cognitive load. We set these trade-offs by analysing existing MATCH data.

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  • Chapter 12 - The central nervous system (part c), in this chapter you will learn about the following: Functional brain systems, limbic system, limbic system: emotion and cognition, reticular formation, reticular formation: RAS and motor function, electroencephalogram (EEG), brain waves,...and other contents.

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  • Heraclitus, the ancient Greek sage (c. 536-470 B.C.) declared that everything is in flux. Everything changes, and no one can step twice in the same waters of a river. What seemed true to Heraclitus is even more true in our times. Old certainties give way to uncertainty. Old traditions no longer sustain human behavior. This is true in the personal as well as in the professional realms. Professional monodoxy has given way to a plethora of theories and interventive strategies (Corsini, 1981).

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  • We show how a simple but innovative synthesis of key disciplines such as computing science and cognitive science, can be deployed in combination with such topics as ergonomics, e-learning, pedagogy, cognitive psychology, interactive system design, neuropsychology etc to create new learning worlds that boost human learning to meet the demands of the 21st century. 2.

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  • This book is the second in the series “Nutrition, Brain and Behavior.” The purpose of this series is to provide a forum whereby basic and clinical scientists can share their knowledge and perspectives regarding the role of nutrition in brain function and behavior. The breadth and diversity of the topics covered in this book make it of great interest to specialists working on coffee/caffeine/tea/chocolate research, to nutritionists and physicians, and to anyone interested in obtaining objective information on the consequences of the consumption of coffee, tea, and chocolate on the brain.

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  • Cognitive radio is a hot research area for future wireless communications in the recent years. In order to increase the spectrum utilization, cognitive radio makes it possible for unlicensed users to access the spectrum unoccupied by licensed users. Cognitive radio let the equipments more intelligent to communicate with each other in a spectrum-aware manner and provide a new approach for the co-existence of multiple wireless systems.

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  • Digital convergence between audiovisual media, high-speed networks and smart devices is a reality. Multimedia informatics is a key enabling technology in this process. It helps make media content more directly manageable by computers, in an age where new information stored on paper, film, magnetic and optical media is reckoned to double every three years. What will be the benefits? Digital convergence presents new opportunities for businesses to unlock new markets, and for public bodies to improve the way they work.

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  • Writing an extended text at an advanced level involves not just the language system. It poses significant challenges to our cognitive systems for memory and thinking as well. Indeed, writers can put to use virtually everything they have learned and stored away in long-term memory. But they can only do so if their knowledge is accessible, either by rapidly retrieving it from long-term memory or by actively maintaining it in short-term working memory. Thinking is so closely linked to writing, at least in mature adults, that the two are practically twins.

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  • In the latest years much research effort was devoted to envision a new paradigm for wireless transmission. Results from recent works (Wireless Word Research Forum, 2005) indicate that a possible solution would lie in utilizing in a more efficient manner the diverse Radio Access Technologies1 (RATs) that are available nowadays, with the purpose of enabling interoperability among them and convergence into one global telecom infrastructure (beyond 3G).

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  • The wide proliferation of wireless communications unavoidably leads to the scarcity of frequency spectra. On one hand, wireless users become increasingly difficult to find available frequency bands for communications. On the other hand, many preallocated frequency bands are ironically under-utilized and thus the resources there are simply wasted. This situation leads to the introduction of cognitive radio, which was proposed in the last decade to address this dilemma.

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  • Nonetheless, data is data, and whilst the interpretation may be suspect (which can happen with even the best controlled studies), the data is the most valuable asset in a research paper. Of course insight that either consolidates or furthers our understanding is vital, but without data it can be nothing more than an armchair idea. Many journals require the highest levels of scientific rigour, which may make some research inaccessible - really a form of scientific censorship.

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  • In the latest years much research effort was devoted to envision a new paradigm for wireless transmission. Results from recent works (Wireless Word Research Forum, 2005) indicate that a possible solution would lie in utilizing in a more efficient manner the diverse Radio Access Technologies1 (RATs) that are available nowadays, with the purpose of enabling interoperability among them and convergence into one global telecom infrastructure (beyond 3G).

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