When the first edition Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes was written, the etention was to introduce to the users a simplified approach to a diversified subject dealing with the chemistry and technology of var_ious petroleum and petrochemical process.
The major source of liquid fuels is crude petroleum; other sources are shale and tar sands. Synthetic hydrocarbon fuels—gasoline and methanol—can be made from coal and natural gas. Ethanol, some of which is used as an automotive fuel, is derived from vegetable matter.
CHAPTER 4 7 LIQUID FOSSIL FUELS FROM PETROLEUM Richard J. Reed North American Manufacturing Company Cleveland, Ohio
1 1 5 7 47.3
FUEL OILS 1 1 5 7 47.4 47.2.1 Kerosene 1519 47.2.2 Aviation Turbine Fuels 1525 47.5 47.2.3 Diesel Fuels 1 2 5 6 47.2.4 Summary 1 2 5 8
OILS FROM TAR &ANDS 1 2 5 8 OIL-WATER EMULSIONS 1 2 5 8
47.1 INTRODUCTION The major source of liquid fuels is crude petroleum; other sources are shale and tar sands. Synthetic hydrocarbon fuels—gasoline and methanol—can be made from coal and natural gas.
Only statistical inference
with stationary variables provides valid results. In simple words, this is
because if variables are non-stationary then any correlation between the
explanatory and the dependent variable could be due to the trending in
both variables that is caused by a third variable not included in the model.
We tested for the non-stationarity of the variables in our model formally
with the help of Levin, Lin and Chu’s (2002) unit root test for panel data.
Dầu mỏ ngày càng khan hiếm thì 2/3 trữ lượng dầu thế giới đang nằm trong cát. Cát dầu (Oil sand hay Tar sand) là loại dầu "quá đắt" cái giá phải trả là màu xanh môi trường vậy: Dầu trong cát "vàng đen" hay thảm họa môi trường? sẽ được giải thích phần nào trong bài viết.