Network connections should therefore be protected, at a level based on the
risk. The assumption must be that the connecting parties are to a certain degree
hostile and have to be strictly constrained to the access for which the connection
was agreed. The connecting parties will, after all, have their own security
policies and risk management philosophies, and these may vary considerably.
Each security management domain will need to apply stringent logical access
controls, and should strongly consider using firewalls and related technologies to
defend their 'perimeter'....
Essentials of Investments: Chapter 20 - Taxes, Inflation, and Investment Strategy includes Saving for the Long run, Basic Considerations in Developing a Plan, Finding Your Retirement Annuity, Accounting For Inflation.
248 Planning and Forecasting
expected that the managers of an LLC will be held to the same fiduciary standards as corporate directors and general partners of limited partnerships, resulting in their potential personal liability to the members.
Entrepreneurs make a remarkable number of significant business decisions without first taking into account the tax consequences. Tax consequences should almost never be allowed to force an entrepreneur to take actions he or she otherwise would not have considered.
Strategic Corporate Finance provides a ‘‘real-world’’ application of the
principles of modern corporate finance, with a practical, investment
banking advisory perspective. Building on 15 years of corporate finance
advisory experience, this book serves to bridge the chronic gap between
corporate finance theory and practice. Topics range from weighted average
cost of capital, value-based management and M&A, to optimal capital
structure, risk management and dividend/buyback policy.
Strategic Corporate Finance provides a ‘‘real-world’’ application of the principles of modern corporate finance, with a practical, investment banking advisory perspective. Building on 15 years of corporate finance advisory experience, this book serves to bridge the chronic gap between corporate finance theory and practice. Topics range from weighted average cost of capital, value-based management and M&A, to optimal capital structure, risk management and dividend/buyback policy.
This book has been written for business owners and managers
who want to refine the accounting and financial operations of
their companies. It provides detailed information about how to run
these operations, track cash flows, conduct analyses, analyze key
financial information, create a corporate risk management strategy,
and manage tax liabilities—in short, all of the key accounting and
financial information required to operate a small business.
This report releases the findings of a project undertaken with Delegates of Working
Party No. 2 of the OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs, investigating policy
considerations in the tax treatment of capital gains of individuals and alternative design
features of capital gains tax provisions, with a focus on the ‘pure domestic’ case (capital
gains/losses of resident taxpayers on domestic assets).
Among performance audits, the number and complexity of the planning issues can be even
greater. The methodology for assessing the operating efficiency of an entity will be quite
different from that for attempting to measure the effectiveness of a programme in achieving
its stated objectives. These two kinds of audits involve collecting and analysing different
kinds of data from different sources.
This unusual book is the work of academic experts in tax law and environmental
law from five industrial countries: France, Germany, Sweden, the United King-
dom, and the United States. As far as we know, it is the first book in English
on the subject of environmental tax law—and the first book in any language to
look at this issue comparatively.
This unusual and difficult balance is on full display in Kelman's ambitious attempt to address the most vexing problem of the social reform agenda: How should the costs of social programs be borne? Based on his well-received Cooley Lectures at the University of Michigan, Kelman's book seeks the guiding constitutional and policy considerations that should constrain government action. The topics covered include such front-burner issues as the revitalization of takings doctrine and the debates over the role of tax subsidies for desired private conduct.
While many HIV-infected individuals do not wish to have children, others desire children despite their
infected status. The desire and intent to have children among HIV-infected individuals may increase
because of improved quality of life and survival following commencement of anti-retroviral treatment. In
developing countries such as South Africa, where the largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS
worldwide reside, specific government reproductive health policy and service provision for HIV-infected
individuals is underdeveloped.
Midwives’ unique contribution to public health is that they work
with women and their partners and families throughout pregnancy,
birth and the postnatal period to provide safe, holistic care. For
optimum effect, midwifery needs to be ﬁrmly rooted in the
community where women and their partners live their lives.
The insured event must be specified, i.e. the event cannot be a general protection
against adverse deviations from targets, but must be explicitly or implicitly
described in the contract. Where the contract provides an option to extend cover,
this will only qualify as insurance risk at the start of the contract if the contract
specifies the terms of the extended cover. The probability that the option will be
exercised is taken into consideration when assessing the significance of the future
In our experiments, 42 MICAz nodes were used.
The experimentswere conductedwith multiple randomly
generated layouts under two different scenarios: (i) an
open parking lot, and (ii) an indoor ofﬁce. In each sce-
nario, two types of experiments were conducted: Fixed
Single Sender and Round Robin Sender. In the Fixed
Single Sender experiment, the sender was placed in the
center of the topology, while the other 41 nodes were
randomly deployed as receivers. The sender broadcasted
a packet in every 200ms. Each packet was identiﬁed by
a sequence number.
To avoid headaches and tap into a wider pool of prospective tenants, many landlords consider
the lease-purchase of their home. This option attracts many potential buyers who could handle
the monthly mortgage payments but can’t afford the required down payment. Here’s how it
You lease your house to the tenant for a specific monthly rent. In addition, the tenant pays you
for the right to purchase the home within the option period, usually six months to two years later.
This payment is called the option consideration.
This is because the evidence is clear that open trade and investment, underpinned by
an effective framework of rules, delivers the best results for both developed and
developing countries. It is good economics. And it has been the UK’s own experience
too: increased trade with Europe since the early 1980s has added almost £3,300 a year
to the net income of the average British household. The fastest growing emerging
economies are now creating new opportunities for all to benefit further from trade and
Nothing prevents an enterprising young designer from going to the local art-and-craft supply
store and buying a sheet of basswood, and cutting out a model of his or her own design. However,
the step from purchase-and-assemble to building-from-raw-materials is large: The designer must
decide and draw the parts, determine how they will join, then carefully cut them from the sheet.
Tolerance errors have severe consequences; a small mismatch between notch size or position and
material thickness means the model won’t assemble correctly.
The core of this chapter is a discussion of EITC-related behavioral issues
and research. Section 3.3 provides EITC program statistics. As would be
expected with a program that has more than tripled in size (in real dollars)
in the 1990s, a considerable amount of attention has been paid to the EITC
in recent years. In section 3.4, we outline the conceptual underpinnings of
much of this recent work and discuss EITC participation and compliance,
its eﬀects on labor force participation and hours of work, marriage and fer-
tility, skill formation, and consumption.
Banks and other depository institutions can also borrow on a short-term basis at the Federal Reserve
discount window and pay a rate of interest set by the Federal Reserve called the discount rate. A bank's
decision to borrow at the discount window depends on the relation of the discount rate to the federal funds
rate, as well as on the administrative arrangements surrounding the use of the window.
Banks also borrow funds in the money market for longer periods by issuing large negotiable certificates...
So let's skip the literature part for now and try to get to the modeling. Lucky for you,
all economics models look pretty much the same. There are some economic agents. They
make choices in order to advance their objectives. The choices have to satisfy various
constraints so there's something that adjusts to make all these choices consistent. This
basic structure suggests a plan of attack: Who are the people making the choices? What
are the constraints they face? How do they interact? What adjusts if the choices aren't