The current study extends recent value-added modeling approaches for longitudinal student achievement data Lockwood et al. [J. Educ. Behav. Statist. 32 (2007) 125–150] to allow data to be missing not at random via random effects selection and pattern mixture models, and applies those methods to data from a large urban school district to estimate effects of elementary school mathematics teachers.
Using longitudinal data from a cohort of middle school students from a large school district, we estimate separate “value-added” teacher effects for two subscales of a mathematics assessment under a variety of statistical models varying in form and degree of control for student background characteristics.
Examines whether teacher licensure test scores and other teacher attributes affect elementary student achievement. Teacher quality is a key element of student academic success, but little is known about how specific teacher characteristics influence classroom outcomes.
Tobacco smoking mostly in the form of cigarette smoking has been accused of impairing
microcirculatory system and the relevant changes in vascular formations and functions
may have a negative influence on the immune and inflammatory reactions in periodontal
tissues. Smokers were reported to have significantly less number of vessels in inflamed
gingival tissue compared to non-smokers (Rezavandi et al. 2002). Long-term smoking has
an established negative effect on the vasculature of periodontal tissues.
Clear mtelligible pronunciation (not perfection) should be Ihe goal of students at this level Research shows that correct pronunciation of individual sounds and syllable stress plays a key role in effective oral communication- Pronunciation is given a great deal of importance in New English File Intermediate and every lesson has a pronunciation focus which tiften prepares students for a speaking activity. OStudent's Book p.10.
Although most of the research and clinical attention has been on unipolar depression among
antenatal and postnatal women, there is evidence that women with bipolar disorders are at
increased risk of postnatal psychosis, and women who have depressive symptoms should
be screened for bipolar disorder and monitored for elevated mood. However, there is no
consensus on the most effective screening method, with a variety of possible tools but no
one well validated in antenatal women (Chessick & Dimidjian, 2010)....
I've never known any teacher or mentor on improving personal effectiveness to generate such an overwhelmingly positive reaction.... This book captures beautifull y Stephen's philosophy of principles. I think anyone reading it will quickly understand the enormous reaction I and others have had to Dr. Covey's teachings. Stephen R. Covey's book teaches with power, conviction, and feeling. Both the content and the methodology of these principles form a solid foundation for effective communication. As an educator, I think this book to be a significant addition to my library. ...
The Study Link feature in New English File Pre-intermediate is designed to help you and your students use the course more effectively. It shows what resources are available, where they can be found, and when to use them.
Pre-intermediate students need to feel that they are moving on, that they are increasing their knowledge, improving their skills, and expanding the number of contexts in which they can use English effectively- At the end of each File there is a Revise & Check section.
(BQ) Ebook YLE tests movers Teacher's book introduce children to everyday written and spoken English and are an excellent way for them to gain confidence and improve their English. The tests are written around familiar topics and focus on the skills needed to communicate effectively in English through listening, speaking, reading and writing.
In 1998, the National Research Council
(NRC) established the Committee on
Science and Mathematics Teacher
Preparation (CSMTP) and charged it
with identifying critical issues in existing
practices and policies for K-12
teacher preparation in science and
mathematics. In its Statement of Task,
the NRC’s Governing Board also asked
the committee to identify recommendations
from professional organizations
regarding teacher preparation and the
quality of the K-12 teaching of science
and mathematics and to examine relevant
Teachers with elementary school credentials had slightly better success in the classroom than did teachers with secondary school credentials. (JEL: J44, J45, H0, H75, I21) (Keywords: Teacher quality, teacher licensure, student achievement, middle school, twolevel fixed effects, education production function)
This product is part of the RAND Corporation reprint series. RAND reprints present previously published journal articles, book chapters, and reports with the permission of the publisher. RAND reprints have been formally reviewed in accordance with the publisher’s editorial policy, and are compliant with RAND’s rigorous quality assurance standards for quality and objectivity.
Market Leader New Edition' reflects the fast-changing world of business with thoroughly updated material from authentic business sources such as the Financial Times. The new edition retains the dynamic and effective approach that has made this course so successful in business English classes worldwide
Stephen Covey has written a remarkable book about the human condition, so elegantly written, so understanding of our embedded concerns, so useful for our organization and personal lives, that it's going to be my gift to everyone I know. I've never known any teacher or mentor on improving personal effectiveness to generate such an overwhelmingly positive reaction....
Target Score Second edition is a preparatory course for the new TOEIC® Test (Test of English for International Communication ®). Fully revised to meet the needs of the new TOEIC® Test, this Second edition also provides effective, classroom-friendly lessons for active, communicative English. Each of the twelve units focuses on one of the principal, recurrent themes of the TOEIC® Test, presenting contextualised language practice and covering the settings and situations that students find in TOEIC® Test questions.
New Headway is the course teachers and learners can rely on. Why? An authoritative integrated syllabus, motivating topics, and clearly focused tasks combine with a real understanding of what works in the classroom. It all makes for effective teaching and effective learning. Tried and tested all over the world, it's probably the most popular course ever written
I began my training in the martial arts over fourteen years ago in the little town of
Alexandria, Louisiana. From the first I was interested in weapons, but I had great difficulty in
finding any but a handful of people who knew anything about weapons. For many years I was
only able to acquire little bits of weapons training from various teachers here and there. I tried
to learn all that I could from books, but found that the number of books on weapons is almost as
short in supply as the number of instructors with a knowledge of weapons. I also found that
This guide was developed to assist teachers in successfully
implementing the Michigan Merit Curriculum. The identified content
expectations and guidelines provide a useful framework for designing
curriculum, assessments and relevant learning experiences for students.
Through the collaborative efforts of Governor Jennifer M.