This revision of the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (commonly called
“UCP”) is the sixth revision of the rules since they were first promulgated in 1933. It is the fruit of
more than three years of work by the International Chamber of Commerce’s (ICC) Commission on
Banking Technique and Practice.
ICC, which was established in 1919, had as its primary objective facilitating the flow of
international trade at a time when nationalism and protectionism posed serious threats to the world
This book presents a series of case studies illustrating the fundamentals of Agile development and Agile design, and moves quickly from UML models to real C# code. The introductory chapters lay out the basics of the agile movement, while the later chapters show proven techniques in action. The book includes many source code examples that are also available for download from the authors’ Web site.
"Advanced Image Acquisition, Processing Techniques and Applications" is the first book of a series that provides image processing principles and practical software implementation on a broad range of applications. The book integrates material from leading researchers on Applied Digital Image Acquisition and Processing. An important feature of the book is its emphasis on software tools and scientific computing in order to enhance results and arrive at problem solution.
Degenerative mitral valve (МV) disease is a common disorder affecting around 2% of the
population (Enriquez-Sarano M et al., 2009). The most common ending in patients with
degenerative valve disease is leaflet rolapsed due to elongation or rupture of the chordal
apparatus, resulting in varying degrees of МV regurgitation due to leaflet malcoaptation
during ventricular contraction.
This publication has been designed to share IFAD’s
experience with a broader public. It uses examples of
instruments, processes and practices selected from IFAD’s
project portfolio. The theme of IFAD’s 2001 portfolio review
was the environment and natural resource management.
Environment and Natural Resource Management: IFAD’s
Growing Commitment draws extensively on that progress
report, which was presented at the Seventy-Second Session
of the IFAD Executive Board in April 2001.
The government of Mexico City, Mexico
believes that access to health care is a
human right, and should be universal and
free to those who cannot afford to pay.
In Mexico City the mayor has made health
care accessible to all, and has garnered
the broad support of the City’s leaders
and citizens for this unique effort
the City’s popular mayor, Andres Manuel
López Obrador, came to power, he faced
two significant challenges to keeping his
campaign promise of free health care to
poorer families. First, the public health
system was fragmented.
Health concerns coloured the reproductive intentions of most of
the women and some of the men. Many HIV-infected women and
men were firm in their desire not to have children. Both women
and men feared infecting a partner or their baby and were anxious
about leaving either living or future children as orphans. Women
and men were concerned about their ability to financially support
their children, given their illness. Women who had given birth to
an infected child expressed mixed feelings about becoming
Most Cambodian elders have both living sons and daughters. Reflecting the higher mortality of males,
including losses due to political violence associated with the Khmer Rouge period and its aftermath, the
average number of surviving daughters modestly exceeds that of surviving sons. Some differences in the
number of living children are evident according to sex, location and age of elders. Elderly men average
larger numbers of surviving children than elderly women, reflecting the fact that men are far more likely
to remarry than women in cases of marital dissolution.
I tried to find the words. We all do it, I wanted to say. You do it, I wanted to say. I had to
do it, I wanted to say. But what came out, when I opened my mouth, was nothing. Dad's
hands tightened on my arms and for a moment, I was sure he was going to beat the hell
out of me, really beat me, like you saw some of the others dads do on the estate. But then
he let go of me and turned round and stormed out the flat. Mum stood in the door to my
room, sagging hard against...
The two prerequisites for the successful engineering of an organ are suitable cells
and a biomaterial or extra celluar matrix component. A large variety of cells has
been proposed for the use in tissue engineering, including pluripotent embryonic
stem cells (ESC) with all their ethical controversies, adult stem cells found in most
tissues, and committed precursor cells. While the plasticity of ESC offers the
potential to grow an entire organ from a single cell source, the clear differentiation
of these cells remains challenging....
By exchanging cytoplasmic proteins with exogenously added proteins, antibodies or cytosol
that has been prepared from cells at distinct stages of the cell cycle or differentiation, or from
disease states, we can modulate the intracellular environment and reconstitute various
physiological phenomena in semi-intact cells. The semi-intact cell method was originally
established by Dr. Simons’ group to study polarized vesicular trafficking in Madin-Darby
canine kidney (MDCK) cells (Ikonen et al., 1995).
There has been some concern that the use of the endocervical brush can result in the
appearance of a much greater number of endocervical cells in a smear and that their
arrangement in large sheets might mimic malignancy. To avoid this problem clinicians should
inform the laboratory when an endocervical brush is used for collecting the smear.
Our econometric investigation is based on two different complementary (weekly and
monthly) datasets, respectively from 7 June 2005 to 21 October 2008, and from January 1996
to December 2007. There are two main reasons for this. Firstly, we think that weekly data
may adequately capture the interaction of oil and stock prices in the region better than any
other data frequency. However, our weekly data set, which deals with all the six GCC
countries, only includes less than four years of data, which can be considered as too short to
test for causality....
Inorganic mercury is toxic when humans or
wildlife are exposed to high levels for a short peri-
od of time. Organic methylmercury has a greater
tendency to accumulate in the body over time,
eventually causing harm, even in small amounts.
Methylmercury has the three properties that make
substances particularly harmful to humans and
other organisms — it persists, it bioaccumulates,
and it is toxic to most life forms. The health effects
of mercury are described in more detail in the next
chapter of this primer.
Fostering the development of a ubiquitously networked society, connected over high-capacity networks,
is a widely shared goal among both developed and developing countries. High capacity networks are
seen as strategic infrastructure, intended to contribute to high and sustainable economic growth and to
core aspects of human development. In the pursuit of this goal, various countries have, over the past
decade and a half, deployed different strategies, and enjoyed different results.
Canadian Prairies, there is particular concern about the depletion of soil phosphorous from organic
grain production , and the long-term impacts of tillage practices employed by organic producers .
Grain yields under organic management are, on average, lower than under conventional management,
and it has been suggested that the yield deficit is more severe on the Canadian Prairies than some other
Executive summary. For the vast majority of investors in municipal bonds,
mutual funds have a number of advantages over individual bond portfolios.
Individual bonds do provide certain benefits compared with bond mutual funds,
and these advantages revolve primarily around control issues. The price for the
advantages can be thought of as a “control premium” that is paid through
generally higher (or additional) transaction costs, lower liquidity, more limited
return opportunities, and higher risks.
This paper describes the work achieved in the firsthalf of a 4-year cooperative research project ( A R C A D E ) , financed by A U P E L F - U R E F . The project is devoted to the evaluation of parallel text alignment techniques. In its firstperiod ARCADE ran a competition between six systems on a sentence-to-sentence alignment task which yielded two main types of results. First, a large reference bilingual corpus comprising of texts of different genres was created, each presenting various degrees of difficultywith respect to the alignment task. ...