It is widely accepted that technology is one of the forces driving economic growth.
Although more and more new technologies have emerged, various evidence shows
that their performances were not as high as expected. In both academia and practice
there are still many questions about what technologies to adopt and how to manage
This report documents the principal findings of a RAND project on the R&D system and technological innovation in Chinese industry. The project is evaluating the following issues based on case studies of the Chinese electronics and metallurgy industries:(1) the capability of the Chinese R&D system to meet the equipment and technical needs of end users; (2) the capability of Chinese R&D ......
Technological innovations are key causal agents of surprise and disruption. These innovations, and the disruption
they produce, have the potential to affect people and societies and therefore government policy, especially
policy related to national security. Because the innovations can come from many sectors, they are difficult to
predict and prepare for. The purpose of predicting technology is to minimize or eliminate this surprise.
In modern technological society small businesses are expected to have an innovative role in the emerging knowledge economy, especially at an international level (EC, 2005; BERR, 2008). In fact the effective use of technological innovation is considered to be a prerequisite for small business survival (Packham, 2002; Packham et al, 2005). It has long been recognised that the small business sector is important for economic growth and it has been noted that there is a need for an international focus on small businesses having access to international markets (OECD, 2005).
At this point in history, tremendous human progress becomes possible
through converging technologies stimulated by advances in four core fields:
Nanotechnology, Biotechnology Information technology, and new
technologies based in Cognitive science (NBIC). Many individual authors
had noticed the gathering convergence of technical disciplines, and
sociobiologist E. O. Wilson wrote an especially influential 1998 book on the
emerging harmony among the sciences.
IFIP WG 8.6 has as its focus diffusion of technological innovation. In this conference we have solicited papers on the topic of IT innovations that can further an organization’s ability to adapt and be competitive. Thus we address the problem at an earlier starting point, that is, the emergence of something innovative in an organization, applied to that organization, and its process of being diffused and accepted internally.
The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program was created in 1982 by the Small Business
Innovation Development Act. The program is designed to stimulate technology innovation by small businesses,
provide technical and scientific solutions to challenging problems, and encourage the marketing of the resulting
new technologies in the private sector. Federal agencies with more than $100 million in extramural research and
development (R&D) are required to allocate 2.5 percent of their research budgets to small businesses. Such funds
from all federal agencies amounted to approximately $1.
In recent years, the affordability of weapon systems has become increasingly important to policymakers in the Department of Defense and U.S. Congress. Aerospace industry analysts and some government officials have asserted that government cost estimates are based on outdated methods that do not account for the latest technological innovations. The authors of this report present the results of a RAND research study to update the methods for estimating military jet engine costs and development time.
The development and writing of this report presented considerable challenges in terms of both the
study schedule and the need to avoid conveying sensitive U.S. vulnerabilities to potential adversaries.
Meeting both challenges has been difficult for the study committee and staff, but every effort was made
to respond to the stated need of the Technology Warning Division of the Defense Intelligence Agency
(DIA) for maximum openness.
I wish to express my appreciation to the members of the committee for their contributions to the
preparation of this report.
ver fifty years ago, Vannevar Bush released his enormously influential report, Science, the Endless Frontier, which asserted a dichotomy between basic and applied science. This view was at the core of the compact between government and science that led to the golden age of scientific research after World War II--a compact that is currently under severe stress. In this book, Donald Stokes challenges Bush's view and maintains that we can only rebuild the relationship between government and the scientific community when we understand what is wrong with that view.
Tham khảo sách 'observations on the president’s fiscal year 2002 federal science and technology budget', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
Have you heard about technology management? Maybe yes, but probably
not very much. Does it matter? We believe it’s vital. Why? Technology
aspects are as essential to management in contemporary business as
economics. They should not need a special label, and might be assumed
to be given as equal attention as other business aspects. Unfortunately,
however, this is currently not the case.We even venture to say that more
often than not important technology aspects are neglected in general
management. For example, how many CEOs can say which technology
is vital to the future of their company?...
This chapter presents the following content: List the types of processes that spur development of new technologies, describe how technologies proceed through a life cycle, discuss ways to manage technology for competitive advantage, summarize how to assess technology needs,...and other contents.
Adapting Information and Communication Technologies for Effective Education addresses ICT assessment in universities, student satisfaction in management information system programs, factors that impact the successful implementation of a laptop program, student learning and electronic portfolios, and strategic planning for e-learning. Providing innovative research on several fundamental technology-based initiatives, this book will make a valuable addition to every reference library.
Technological innovation prompted by the need to satisfy the changing needs
of society, ever more effi ciently and economically, involves complex interactions
between three basic systems: the production system, the economic
system, and the ecosystem
Technological change is today central to the theory of economic growth (Teixeira and
Fortuna, 2010). It is recognized as an important driver of productivity growth and the
emergence of new products from which consumers derive welfare (Verspagen, 2010).