Technology forecasting

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  • Technological change is today central to the theory of economic growth (Teixeira and Fortuna, 2010). It is recognized as an important driver of productivity growth and the emergence of new products from which consumers derive welfare (Verspagen, 2010).

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  • Technology Management is set of management disciplines that allows organizations to manage their technological fundamentals to create competitive advantage.

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  • Technological innovations are key causal agents of surprise and disruption. These innovations, and the disruption they produce, have the potential to affect people and societies and therefore government policy, especially policy related to national security. Because the innovations can come from many sectors, they are difficult to predict and prepare for. The purpose of predicting technology is to minimize or eliminate this surprise.

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  • The development and launch of the fi rst artifi cial satellite Sputnik more than fi ve decades ago, propelled both the scientifi c and engineering communities to new heights as they worked together to develop novel solutions to the challenges of spacecraft system design.

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  • From the interior of the Sun, to the upper atmosphere and near-space environment of Earth, and outward to a region far beyond Pluto where the Sun’s influence wanes, advances during the past decade in space physics and solar physics—the disciplines NASA refers to as heliophysics—have yielded spectacular insights into the phenomena that affect our home in space. This report, from the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Committee for a Decadal Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, is the second NRC decadal survey in heliophysics.

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  • Weather radar is a vital instrument for observing the atmosphere to help provide weather forecasts and issue weather warnings to the public. The current Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD) system provides Doppler radar coverage to most regions of the United States (NRC, 1995). This network was designed in the mid 1980s and deployed in the 1990s as part of the National Weather Service (NWS) modernization (NRC, 1999).

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  • Liquid fuel consumption by medium- and heavy-duty vehicles (MHDVs) represents 26 percent of all U.S. liquid transportation fuels consumed and has increased more rapidly—in both absolute and percentage terms—than consumption by other sectors. In early recognition of these trends, which are forecast to continue until 2035 (DOE, EIA, 2009), the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA; Public Law 110-140, Dec. 19, 2007), Section 108, was passed, requiring the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), for the first time in history, to establish fuel economy standards for MHDVs.

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  • The objective of this book is to help financial planners improve their spreadsheet skills by providing a structured approach to developing spreadsheets for forecasting, financial planning and budgeting applications. The book assumes that the reader is familiar with the basic operation of Excel and is not intended for beginners. The book has been divided into four parts covering the areas of spreadsheet design for all types of planning, forecasting, business planning and budgeting.

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  • “VantagePoint Intermarket Analysis Software,” “Market Technologies Corporation” and “ProfitTaker” are trademarks of Market Technologies Corporation. “Synergistic Market Analysis,” “Synergistic Analysis” and “Market Synergy” are trademarks of Louis B. Mendelsohn. “Investor’s Business Daily” is a registered trade- mark of Investor’s Business Daily, Inc. “Technical Analysis of Stocks & Commodities” is a trademark of Technical Analysis, Inc. “Standard & Poor’s 500” is a trademark of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  • Decision support systems (DSS) have evolved over the past four decades from theoretical concepts into real world computerized applications. DSS architecture contains three key components: a knowledge base, a computerized model, and a user interface. DSS simulate cognitive decision-making functions of humans based on artificial intelligence methodologies (including expert systems, data mining, machine learning, connectionism, logistical reasoning, etc.) in order to perform decision support functions.

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  • “VantagePoint Intermarket Analysis Software,” “Market Technologies Corporation” and “ProfitTaker” are trademarks of Market Technologies Corporation. “Synergistic Market Analysis,” “Synergistic Analysis” and “Market Synergy” are trademarks of Louis B. Mendelsohn. “Investor’s Business Daily” is a registered trade- mark of Investor’s Business Daily, Inc. “Technical Analysis of Stocks & Commodities” is a trademark of Technical Analysis, Inc. “Standard & Poor’s 500” is a trademark of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  • This business plan leads the way. Renewing our vision and strategic focus: value to the target market segment of our small business and advanced home office users, the market of our local. It also provides step-by-step plan sales improved our gross margin, and profitability. This plan includes this summary, and the chapter on companies, products and services, market focus, action plans and forecasts, management team, and financial planning.

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  • Forecasts point to a huge increase in energy demand over the next 25 years, with a direct and immediate impact on the exhaustion of fossil fuels, the increase in pollution levels and the global warming that will have significant consequences for all sectors of society. Irrespective of the likelihood of these predictions or what researchers in different scientific disciplines may believe or publicly say about how critical the energy situation may be on a world level, it is without doubt one of the great debates that has stirred up public interest in modern times....

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  • This book covers 27 articles in the applications of artificial neural networks (ANN) in various disciplines which includes business, chemical technology, computing, engineering, environmental science, science and nanotechnology. They modeled the ANN with verification in different areas. They demonstrated that the ANN is very useful model and the ANN could be applied in problem solving and machine learning. This book is suitable for all professionals and scientists in understanding how ANN is applied in various areas....

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  • Pacing through second decade of the 21th century, more computer users are widely adopting technology-based tools and information-enriched databases to focus on supporting managerial decision making, reducing preventable faults and improving outcome forecasting. The goal of decision support systems (DSS) is to develop and deploy information technology-based systems in supporting efficient practice in multidiscipline domains. This book aims to portray a pragmatic perspective of applying DSS in the 21th century.

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  • A pre-course questionnaire shows that many of the students who enrolled in this elective class are eager to improve their overall English ability, especially listening and speaking, and some of them are planning to study abroad in the near future. Furthermore, according to the questionnaire, many of the students expressed their preference of learning listening to reading and writing, though they acknowledged listening is the skill most difficult to master.

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  • Since many social businesses are also SMEs, measures that facilitate access to finance for SMEs could also help social businesses. In this context, of notable importance are the support and regulatory frameworks for venture capital, in particular the steps to be taken to develop a EU passport for Venture Capital funds. The extent to which work on establishing such a passport might aid social businesses is central in considering the effectiveness and efficiency of the options identified in this impact assessment.

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  • A simple model of earnings, cash flows and accruals is developed by assuming a random walk sales process, variable and fixed costs, accounts receivable and payable, and inventory and applying the accounting process. The model implies earnings better predicts future operating cash flows than does current operating cash flows and the difference varies with the operating cash cycle. Also, the model is used to predict serial and crosscorrelations of each firm's series. The implications and predictions are tested on a 1337 firm sample over 1963-1992.

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  • In the box published in October, we focused primarily on forecasts made for European economies in early 2010. The reason was simple: A number of large multiyear fiscal consolidation plans were announced then, particularly in Europe, and conditions for larger- than-normal multipliers were ripe. First, because of the binding zero lower bound on nominal interest rates, central banks could not cut interest rates to offset the negative short-term effects of a fiscal consolidation on economic activity.

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  • In the first year of an internal audit start-up, companies typically do not have a formal baseline from which to evaluate the effectiveness of control activities. As such, the initial risk assessment and audit plan are developed primarily at inherent risk level. Inherent risks are those present in the normal course of conducting business activities. These include external risks such as changes to global, national and economic climates, as well as technological, legal and political changes.

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