Since the 1945 publication of Vannevar Bush’s Science—The Endless
Frontier, the federal government has played the predominant role
in supporting research and development (R&D) and in establishing
public policies that affect science and technology (S&T) in the United
States. That role remains vitally important today. Almost every major
policy issue is influenced by scientific and technological information and
expertise. There remains a clear and ongoing mandate for a cohesive set
of federal policy and programs that both sustain R&D and promote the
application of new knowledge....
Technological change is today central to the theory of economic growth (Teixeira and
Fortuna, 2010). It is recognized as an important driver of productivity growth and the
emergence of new products from which consumers derive welfare (Verspagen, 2010).
Tham khảo sách 'observations on the president’s fiscal year 2002 federal science and technology budget', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
The choice of pollution control instrument is a crucial environmental policy decision. With growing momentum for federal legislation to control greenhouse gases, interest among policy makers in the issue of instrument choice has reached a fever pitch.
This edition continues the theme that runs throughout all 12 chapters: global environmental
sustainability. This strategic issue will become even more important in the years ahead, as all
of us struggle to deal with the consequences of climate change, global warming, and energy
availability. We continue to be the most comprehensive strategy book on the market, with
chapters ranging from corporate governance and social responsibility to competitive strategy,
functional strategy, and strategic alliances.
Foreign direct investment may improve productivity through technology
transfer on the one hand, and it may also have other positive external effects through
corporate linkages (e.g. market access, or improved terms of financing) on the other
hand, thus promoting economic growth. These beneficial effects are not automatic,
though. Until the mid-nineties Hungary had played a leading role within the region
in attracting investments. After 1999, however, the country started accumulating
increasing competitive disadvantages as compared to its competitors.
A virtual private network (VPN) is a network that extends remote access to users over a shared
infrastructure. VPNs maintain the same security and management policies as a private network.
They are the most cost effective method of establishing a point-to-point connection between remote
users and an enterprise customer’s network.
Today's international trade is radically more complex. The revolution in information
and communication technologies fostered an internationalisation of supply chains
which created a nexus between trade, investment, and services which is at the heart of
so much of today's international commerce.
Fundamental changes in recent decades have heightened the need for new and viable
solutions to the problems of international trade.
ETP2010 will build on the success of earlier editions, by providing decision makers with more detailed practical information and tools that can help kick-start the transition to a more secure, sustainable and affordable energy future.
Technology is properly defined as any application of science to accomplish a function. The science can be leading edge or well established and the function can have high visibility or be significantly more mundane but it is all technology, and its exploitation is the foundation of all competitive advantage.
This paper is from the SANS Institute Reading Room site. Reposting is not permitted without express written permission.
Information Security Policy - A Development Guide for Large and Small Companies
A security policy should fulfill many purposes.
Over the past 20 years, there has been a substantial increase in research and development
in the area of biofuels. Many researchers around the world have dealt with environmental,
economic, policy and technical subjects aspects relating to these studies. In
a way, this book aspires to be a comprehensive summary of current biofuels issues and
thereby contribute to the understanding of this important topic.
This handbook on global economic policy is one in a set of six global policy
handbooks. The other five deal with technology, social, political, international,
and legal policy.
Public policy studies in the past have tended to emphasize domestic policy,
rather than cross-national policy. This is especially true of American policy studies
which tend to be especially nation-bound. This is also true to some extent of
policy studies in France, Russia, China, Brazil, and elsewhere.
Protected cropping provides vegetable growers with an opportunity to enhance product
quality and improve food safety. The overall objective of this project was to provide
Vietnamese scientists and extension specialists with the training and tools to implement
and foster regionally feasible improvements to current vegetable production practices and
supply chains. This was achieved through: 1) greenhouse replicated experiments and
demonstration trials in Northern, Central and Southern Vietnam; 2) four in-country
workshops and 3) two Australian study tours for research and extension personnel.
Tham khảo luận văn - đề án 'card project progress report: field evaluation and advanced vegetative mass-propagation technology for scaling up high-value plantations of pinus caribaea and related hybrids in vietnam - milestone 6 "', luận văn - báo cáo phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
Masspropagation field evaluation and advanced technology to expand vegetable plantations of Pinus caribaea value and related hybrids in Vietnam
Natural and plantation Pinus kesiya around Da Lat, Lam Dong
A1 & A2: Natural Pinus kesiya on the main road to Dalat