Template method

Xem 1-20 trên 43 kết quả Template method
  • In this paper we compare two approaches to natural language understanding (NLU). The first approach is derived from the field of statistical machine translation (MT), whereas the other uses the maximum entropy (ME) framework. Starting with an annotated corpus, we describe the problem of NLU as a translation from a source sentence to a formal language target sentence. We mainly focus on the quality of the different alignment and ME models and show that the direct ME approach outperforms the alignment templates method. ...

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  • Chương này nói này về hai mẫu thiết kế giúp bạn có một cách thức khéo léo hơn trong việc tạo dựng các đối tượng: mẫu Template Method và mẫu Builder. Mẫu Template Method cho phép các lớp con định nghĩa lại các bước tạo đối tượng, rất thích hợp cho việc tạo ra các chủng loại rô bốt khác nhau. Mẫu Builder giúp bạn uyển chuyển hơn trong việc đối tượng vì nó tách rời quá trình khởi tạo ra khỏi bản thân đối tượng....

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  • We extend the factored translation model (Koehn and Hoang, 2007) to allow translations of longer phrases composed of factors such as POS and morphological tags to act as templates for the selection and reordering of surface phrase translation. We also reintroduce the use of alignment information within the decoder, which forms an integral part of decoding in the Alignment Template System (Och, 2002), into phrase-based decoding. Results show an increase in translation performance of up to 1.0% BLEU for out-of-domain French–English translation.

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  • In this paper, we propose a novel approach to automatic generation of summary templates from given collections of summary articles. This kind of summary templates can be useful in various applications. We first develop an entity-aspect LDA model to simultaneously cluster both sentences and words into aspects. We then apply frequent subtree pattern mining on the dependency parse trees of the clustered and labeled sentences to discover sentence patterns that well represent the aspects.

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  • In this paper, we present a learning approach to the scenario template task of information extraction, where information filling one template could come from multiple sentences. When tested on the MUC4 task, our learning approach achieves accuracy competitive to the best of the MUC-4 systems, which were all built with manually engineered rules. Our analysis reveals that our use of full parsing and state-of-the-art learning algorithms have contributed to the good performance.

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  • When you’re faced with a problem to solve (and frankly, who isn’t these days?), the basic strategy usually taken by we computer people is called “divide and conquer.” It goes like this:Reducing complex problems down to the level of twiddling the states of a few billion bits is what we do all day. But “divide and conquer” is not the only possible strategy. We can also take a more generalist approach:

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  • AutoCAD 2011 is designed to work in a Windows operating system. In general, to open AutoCAD 2011, double-click on the AutoCAD 2011 shortcut in the Windows desktop ( Fig. 1.1 ). Depending on how details in Profi les/Initial Setup … in the Options dialog ( Fig. 1.16 , page 13 ), the Welcome dialog ( Fig. 1.2 ) may appear. This dialog allows videos showing Fig. 1.1 T he AutoCAD methods of working AutoCAD 2011, to be selected from a list of icons.

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  • If you’re ever writing code and get the funny feeling that you’ve solved the problem you’re working on before, you probably have. You may well have come across the same type of situation in the past, puzzled about it, and come up with the solution. And before that, you may have faced the same type of situation and come up with the same type of solution. And even before that . . . same thing.

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  • eate a simple Visual Basic .NET-based application based on the Windows Application template. Use forms and controls to create a user interface. Create and use variables and arrays. Create and use Sub and Function procedures, including predefined functions. Implement decision structures and loops by using conditional expressions. Validate user input for fields, controls, and forms. Apply object-oriented programming techniques to create classes, add methods, and add properties.

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  • JDK 1.5 introduces several extensions to the Java programming language. One of these is the introduction of generics. This tutorial is aimed at introducing you to generics. You may be familiar with similar constructs from other languages, most notably C++ templates. If so, you’ll soon see that there are both similarities and important differences. If you are not familiar with look-a-alike constructs from elsewhere, all the better; you can start afresh, without unlearning any misconceptions. Generics allow you to abstract over types.

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  • Taking inspiration from nature, this stunning variety of stitched projects offers a fantastic array of flowers, insects, butterflies, and birds, which utilize an intriguing range of materials and methods. The mixed-media techniques involved include ribbon work, appliqué, fabric manipulation, beading, and stumpwork. Accompanied by stitch diagrams and templates, the projects are geared to help both novices and experts extend their embroidery skills.

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  • Improving your own teaching One way to improve your own teaching is to try new methods and activities in the classroom and then think about how well the activity improved students’ learning. Through trying out new activities and working in different ways, and then reflecting on the lesson and analysing how well students have learned, you can develop the best methods for your students. You can decide to concentrate on one aspect of teaching maths: language, culture, teaching methods, resources or planning. Find the relevant chapter and use it....

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  • Each generation has its unique needs and aspirations. When Charles Wiley first opened his small printing shop in lower Manhattan in 1807, it was a generation of boundless potential searching for an identity. And we were there, helping to define a new American literary tradition. Over half a century later, in the midst of the Second Industrial Revolution, it was a generation focused on building the future. Once again, we were there, supplying the critical scientific, technical, and engineering knowledge that helped frame the world.

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  • It is very important that students have the opportunity to practise new mathematics and to develop their understanding by applying new ideas and skills to new problems and new contexts. The main source of exercises for consolidation and practice is the text book. It is important to check that the examples in the exercises are graded from easy to difficult and that students don’t start with the hardest examples.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Effect of Dopant on the Nanostructured Morphology of Poly (1-naphthylamine) Synthesized by Template Free Method

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  • EPA Region 9 has developed technical guidelines to help ensure that sampling and analyzing for Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in soil and solid matrices are conducted in a manner that achieves accurate, technically defensible data. Region 9’s guidelines, which are intended to apply whenever VOC sampling in and analysis of soil and solid matrices are conducted, are consistent with United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Office of Solid Waste test methods.

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  • Bài giảng Lập trình hướng đối tượng: Chương 15 trình bày về các mẫu thiết kế che dấu hành vi, thuật giải trong đối tượng (Behavioral Patterns). Mời các bạn tham khảo bài giảng để nắm bắt nội dung chi tiết. Với các bạn chuyên ngành Công nghệ thông tin đây là tài liệu hữu ích.

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  • Bài giảng Nhập môn Công nghệ phần mềm: Chương 11 được biên soạn nhằm trình bày về các mẫu thiết kế che dấu hành vi, thuật giải trong đối tượng (Behavioral Patterns). Với các bạn chuyên ngành Công nghệ thông tin thì đây là tài liệu hữu ích.

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  • Bài giảng Lập trình hướng đối tượng - Chương 5 trình bày về tính đa hình trong lập trình hướng đối tượng. Những nội dung chính trong chương này gồm có: Đa hình (upcasting/downcasting, liên kết động), lớp và phương thức trừu tượng (lớp/phương thức trừu tượng, template method), đa kế thừa và giao diện. Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.

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  • Đối tượng (Object): vật,người,… cụ thể, Đối tượng = Properties + Methods, Lớp (class): Mô hình (template) mô tả cho 1 nhóm đối tượng. Đối tượng là 1 hiện hữu, thực thể (instance) của class. Một lớp có thể là lớp con (derived class lớp dẫn xuất, lớp thừa kế, lớp mở rộng- extend) của 1 lớp khác. Quan hệ cha-con Class Hierarchy- Phân cấp các class:Cấu trúc 1 lớp cùng các lớp con của nó (tree).

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