Term conjecture

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  • In 1991, David Gale and Raphael Robinson, building on explorations carried out by Michael Somos in the 1980s, introduced a three-parameter family of rational recurrence relations, each of which (with suitable initial conditions) appeared to give rise to a sequence of integers, even though a priori the recurrence might produce non-integral rational numbers. Throughout the '90s, proofs of integrality were known only for individual special cases. In the early '00s, Sergey Fomin and Andrei Zelevinsky proved Gale and Robinson's integrality conjecture.

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  • In 1991, David Gale and Raphael Robinson, building on explorations carried out by Michael Somos in the 1980s, introduced a three-parameter family of rational recurrence relations, each of which (with suitable initial conditions) appeared to give rise to a sequence of integers, even though a priori the recurrence might produce non-integral rational numbers. Throughout the '90s, proofs of integrality were known only for individual special cases. In the early '00s, Sergey Fomin and Andrei Zelevinsky proved Gale and Robinson's integrality conjecture.

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  • This volume contains the Proceedings of the Workshop "Physics and Combinatorics" held at the Graduate School of Mathematics, Nagoya University, Japan, during August 21-26, 2000. The workshop organizing committee consisted of Kazuhiko Aomoto, Fumiyasu Hirashita, Anatol Kirillov, Ryoichi Kobayashi, Akihiro Tsuchiya, and Hiroshi Umemura.

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  • Let X = G/K be a homogeneous Riemannian manifold where G is the identity component of its isometry group. A C ∞ function F on X is harmonic if it is annihilated by every element of DG (X), the algebra of all G-invariant differential operators without constant term. One of the most beautiful results in the harmonic analysis of symmetric spaces is the Helgason conjecture, which states that on a Riemannian symmetric space of noncompact type, a function is harmonic if and only if it is the Poisson integral of a hyperfunction over the Furstenberg boundary G/Po where...

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  • We prove Maruyama’s conjecture on the boundedness of slope semistable sheaves on a projective variety defined over a noetherian ring. Our approach also gives a new proof of the boundedness for varieties defined over a characteristic zero field. This result implies that in mixed characteristic the moduli spaces of Gieseker semistable sheaves are projective schemes of finite type. The proof uses a new inequality bounding slopes of the restriction of a sheaf to a hypersurface in terms of its slope and the discriminant.

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  • We discuss the proof of and systematic application of Case’s sum rules for Jacobi matrices. Of special interest is a linear combination of two of his sum rules which has strictly positive terms. Among our results are a complete classification of the spectral measures of all Jacobi matrices J for which J − J0 is Hilbert-Schmidt, and a proof of Nevai’s conjecture that the Szeg˝ condition o holds if J − J0 is trace class.

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  • To the memory of Rodica Simion The goals of this paper are two-fold. First, we prove, for an arbitrary finite root system Φ, the periodicity conjecture of Al. B. Zamolodchikov [24] that concerns Y -systems, a particular class of functional relations playing an important role in the theory of thermodynamic Bethe ansatz. Algebraically, Y -systems can be viewed as families of rational functions defined by certain birational recurrences formulated in terms of the root system Φ.

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  • Competition in the banking sector has been analysed by, amongst other methods, measuring market power (i.e. a reduction in competitive pressure) and efficiency. A well-known approach to measuring market power is suggested by Bresnahan (1982) and Lau (1982), recently used by Bikker (2003) and Uchida and Tsutsui (2005). They analyse bank behaviour on an aggregate level and estimate the average conjectural variation of banks.

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