Bioremediation, the use of microorganisms, by virtue of their bioconcentrating
and metabolic properties, to degrade, sequester, or remove
environmental contaminants, has about a 45-year history. Such uses of
microorganisms for this purpose now involve freshwater, marine, and
terrestrial environments. Bioremediation is a multidisciplinary area of
knowledge and expertise that involves basic and applied science.
Microbiologists, chemists, toxicologists, environmental engineers,
molecular biologists, and ecologists have made major contributions to this