today. But terrorist threats change over time, so the authors have attempted to present a framework of use to decisionmakers and academics involved in terrorism analyses and counterterrorism responsibilities in the future as well. RAND publications stemming from the other three task elements listed above are the following: David Ochmanek, Military Operations Against Terrorist Groups Abroad: Implications for the U.S. Air Force, MR-1738-AF. Nora Bensahel, T
The Terrorism Risk Insurance Act (TRIA) requires insurers to offer commercial insurance that will pay on claims that occur from a terrorist attack, and for losses on the scale of 9/11, TRIA provides a "backstop" in the form of free reinsurance. The authors describe the evolving terrorist threat with the goal of comparing the underlying risk
Terrorism is not new to Southeast Asia. For much of the Cold War, the activities of a variety of domestic ethnonationalist and religious militant groups posed a significant challenge to the region’s internal stability. Since the 1990s, however, the residual challenge posed by substate militant extremism has risen in reaction to
The world faces serious difficulties in obtaining the energy that will be needed in coming decades for a growing population, especially given the problem of climate change caused by fossil fuel use. This book presents a view of nuclear energy as an important carbon-free energy option. It discusses the nuclear fuel cycle, the types of reactors used today and proposed for the future, nuclear waste disposal, reactor accidents and reactor safety, nuclear weapon proliferation, and the cost of electric power.
This is the first in a series of reports by the Majority and Minority staff of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (Committee) on the threat of homegrown terrorism inspired by violent Islamist extremism. The Committee initiated an investigation into this threat during the 109th Congress under the leadership of Chairman Susan Collins (R-ME). The first hearing on the homegrown threat considered the potential for radicalization in U.S. prisons, including an examination of the activities of Kevin Lamar James, an American citizen.
This book discusses the critical legal issues raised by the US responses to the
terrorist threat, analyzing the actions taken by the Bush–Cheney adminis-
tration during the so-called “war on terrorism” and their compliance with
international law. Thomas McDonnell highlights speciﬁc topics of legal
interest including torture, extrajudicial detentions and the invasions of
Afghanistan and Iraq, and examines them against the backdrop of terrorist
movements that have plagued Britain and Russia.
This report reflects the commitment of the U.S. scientific, engineering, and
health communities to help our country respond to the challenges made evident
by September 11. It is a contribution from the National Academies—the National
Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine,
and National Research Council—which initiated this critical effort and paid
for it. But this report is also a contribution to the nation from many distinguished
individuals, each of whom dedicated a great deal of time to the production of the
Since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, U.S. attention to terrorism in Latin America has intensified, with an increase in bilateral and regional cooperation. In its April 2009 Country Reports on Terrorism, the State Department maintained that terrorism in the region was primarily perpetrated by terrorist organizations in Colombia and by the remnants of radical leftist Andean groups. Overall, however, the report maintained that the threat of a transnational terrorist attack remained low for most countries in the hemisphere.
Rising concern over the threat of terrorist attacks at private-sector targets has prompted commercial industries to consider ways to reduce the risk of terrorism. Shopping centers are particularly vulnerable to terrorist attacks because of their easy access and dense concentrations of people. This vulnerability has resulted in a relatively high risk of attacks: Since 1998, over 60 terrorist attacks at shopping centers have occurred throughout the world. In response to heightened concerns about terrorism,...
This chapter discusses various aspects of terrorism and their relation to the work of a criminal investigator the chapter opens with an overview of international terrorism and the international groups that have committed terrorist acts against and/or pose threats to the United States and its allies.
This volume broadens the scope of Trauma and Disaster: The Structure of Human
Chaos to include an expanded focus on a special type of disaster, terrorism. Terrorism
seeks to achieve political, ideological, or theological goals through a threat or
action that creates extreme fear or horror.Many believe that terrorism (and torture)
produce the highest rates of psychiatric sequelae amongst all types of disasters.
This report considers the origin, development, and functions of selected non-U.S. intelligence organizations, assessing their role in terrorism threat mitigation, their relationship with law enforcement agencies, and the means and modalities by which they are controlled and monitored. The anal
When the fi rst edition of this book was published in 2001, the airport
industry had received relatively little attention in the published literature
and had been very much overshadowed by the airline sector.
Hence this was the motivation for writing the book. Shortly after the
publication, the airport sector had to cope with the unparalleled consequences
of the events of 9/11, the Iraq War, the outbreak of SARS
and the continuing threat of terrorism.
We are confronted with the problems of globalisation daily. Globalisation has become
a common phenomenon, yet one that many people experience as a threat not only to
their economic existence, but also to their cultural and moral self-image. Some join
protest organisations like ATTAC and others. Their protests regularly lead to violence
at international summits. Moreover, the current situation after September 11th can
be seen as an indirect consequence of problems associated with globalisation.
Confronting a terrorist threat that struck the
American homeland on September 11,
2001, President George W. Bush responded by
laying out a bold foreign policy and national
security strategy with few precedents in the modern
record of American diplomacy. To deal with
the threat of global terror, Bush did not explore a
reconfiguration of the global balance of power,
as, in very different ways, his father had at the
end of the Cold War and Richard Nixon had
in the early 1970s.
Despite increasing international recognition of the threat posed by terrorists’ use of the
Internet in recent years, there is currently no universal instrument specifically addressing
this pervasive facet of terrorist activity. Moreover, there is limited specialized training
available on the legal and practical aspects of the investigation and prosecution of terrorism
cases involving the use of the Internet. The present publication complements
the existing resources developed by UNODC in the areas of counter-terrorism, cybercrime
and rule of law.
.Risk Management of Water Supply and Sanitation Systems
.NATO Science for Peace and Security Series
This Series presents the results of scientific meetings supported under the NATO Programme: Science for Peace and Security (SPS). The NATO SPS Programme supports meetings in the following Key Priority areas: (1) Defence Against Terrorism; (2) Countering other Threats to Security and (3) NATO, Partner and Mediterranean Dialogue Country Priorities. The types of meeting supported are generally "Advanced Study Institutes" and "Advanced Research Workshops".
Amer ic a faced a host of biological threats to health
and security at the turn of the twenty-first century. Between 1990
and 2009, the United States contended with a foreign biological
weapons program, bioterrorism, and a pandemic. Concerns about
Saddam Hussein’s biological weapon caches sent the U.S. military
scrambling to immunize troops against smallpox and anthrax. The
2001 anthrax attacks demonstrated that non-state actors could terrorize
civilian populations with biological weapons as well.
Shortly after the September 11, 2001, attacks, Air Force Chief of Staff General John Jumper asked RAND Project AIR FORCE to conduct a study entitled “Thinking Strategically About Combating Terrorism.” This year-long project was divided into four research tasks, each tackling different but complementary aspects of the counterterrorism problem: • Threat assessment: identifying the character and boundaries of the threat • The international dimension: assessing the impact of coalition and other international actors on U.S. options • Strategy: designing...
With terrorism still prominent on the U.S. agenda, whether the country’s prevention efforts match the threat the United States faces continues to be central in policy debate. One element of this debate is questioning whether the United States should create a dedicated domestic intelligence agency. Case studies of five other