Validity the extent to which it measures what it is supposed to measure & nothing else (content)
Empirical validity If a test item looks right to other testers, teachers, moderators & testees described as having face validity
In the past, regarded by test writers simply as a public relations exercise
Now, designers of communicative tests: face validity- the most important of all types of validity
Score gains in the Writing component of the Test have been the main focus of much of this research.
Green (2004) presents the findings of four studies, all of which involved candidates whose average
initial score was 5.0 and who were undertaking periods of English language instruction of not more
than three months. Average score gains in these four studies were less than half a band. In these
studies, the candidates who achieved a score of 5.0 or below on the first test tended to improve on the
second, while those achieving a score of 7.0 tended to receive a...
SAMPLE PAPER 1 Approx. 30 minutes (including 8 minutes transfer time)
Additional materials: Answer sheet Soft clean eraser Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)
Approx. 30 minutes (including 8 minutes transfer time)
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Write your name, Centre number and candidate number in the spaces at the top of this page. Write these details on your answer sheet if they are not already printed. Answer all questions. Write your answers on the question paper.