Textile materials

Xem 1-20 trên 26 kết quả Textile materials
  • Over the decades there have been several papers on the coloration of cotton-based textiles. The number of articles dealing with the processing of cotton, including preparation, dyeing, and finishing, may be in the thousands. An investigation of the possible causes of problems occurring in the coloration of textiles revealed that a comprehensive review of case studies and scientific analysis would be a welcome addition to the already rich pool of knowledge in this area.

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  • Nearly all textile materials are colored after fabrication and before final finishing. The coloration of fibers and fabrics through dyeing is an integral part of textile manufacturing. This book discusses in detail several emerging topics on textile dyeing. The pretreatment of textiles prior to dyeing is addressed by several authors. Menezes and Choudhari present chemical alternatives to traditional pretreatment, while Tavcer discusses enzyme pretreatment procedures.

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  • In general, woven fabrics are known as the traditional textile fabrics for apparel manufacturing and are used widely in various fabric compositions as intermediate goods that affect human activities. The relative importance of woven fabrics as traditional textile materials is extremely large and currently application fields of woven fabrics as technical textiles are rapidly expanded by utilizing its geometric features and advantages.

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  • With the vast and ever increasing demands made upon materials which are the products of cultivated fields, for food, for apparel, for furnishings and for cordage, better soil management must grow more important as populations multiply.

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  • The fibre is spun into yarn, which is then processed into fabric in a weaving or knitting mill. After dyeing and finishing, the woven material is ready for delivery either directly to a manufacturer of textile products to finally get stitched into clothes that we wear. Invite you to refer to part 2 book.

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  • Part 2 book "Handbook of technical textiles" content presentation: Textile-reinforced composite materials; waterproof breathable fabrics; textiles in filtration; textiles in civil engineering part 1 – Geotextiles; textiles in civil engineering part 2 – Natural fibre geotextiles, medical textiles,... Invite you to consult.

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  • Technical staff in the textile industry are the backbone for the industry to run successfully. Management employ adequately qualified technical personnel and allot them to the supervisory jobs, whereas basic control of the raw materials, men, machinery procurement, devising policies etc. is controlled by the top management.

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  • Clothing is one of our basic needs in life. The second most important technique of manufacturing either clothing or clothing material is the knitting. Apparently, knitting is a very simple technique of making fabric or clothing, but it has complexity too. The more we study and the more we research on knitting, more and more mysteries of knitting are being unveiled and we become more confident to control the technology of knitting for producing from simpler to complex fabrics for diversified applications in addition to traditional apparels even at a very high speed....

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  • Wet processing of textiles uses large quantities of water, and electrical and thermal energy. Most of these processes involve the use of chemicals as assisting, accelerating or retarding their rates and are carried out at elevated temperatures to transfer mass from processing liquid medium across the surface of textile material in a reasonable time. So, we can use some natural materials and some physical tools to reduce the chemicals, water, energy and pollution.

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  • The integration and interdependency of the world economy leads towards the creation of a global market that offers more opportunities, but is also more complex and competitive than ever before. Therefore widespread research activity is necessary if one is to remain successful on the market. This book is the result of research and development activities from a number of researchers worldwide, covering concrete fields of research.

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  • Almost 4000 years ago Egyptians and Babylonians used aluminum compounds in various chemicals and medicines. Herodotus mentioned alum in the fifth century b.c. and Pliny referred to “alumen,” now known as alum, as a mordant to fix dyes to textiles around 80 a.d. In 1754 Marggraf showed that a distinct compound existed in both alum and clays. In 1761 the French chemist Guyton de Morveau proposed the name “alumine” for the base in alum, identified in 1787 by Antoine Lavosier as the oxide of a then-undiscovered element.

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  • The supply of ME is anything else but self-explanatory. Beyond customization one of the industry’s tasks is to develop advanced solutions for client industries’ production processes, be it knitting or weaving for the textile industry or services to any other industry. This shows that a close contact between ME and its clients is a prerequisite for efficient problem-solving procedures and the pace of process innovation in client industries.

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  • The term is now applicable to natural and synthetic filaments, yarns, and threads as well as to the woven, knitted, felted, tufted, braided, bonded, knotted, and embroidered fabrics. The spinning and weaving were one of the first crafts that is believed to have been practiced as early as the New Stone Age. Invite you to refer to part 1 book.

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  • Th e ste el industry is one of man y major wo rl d industries exte nsively restructured in th is era of globalizatio n. The Global Restructuring of the Steel Indu stry explains how and why th e steel ind ustry has shifted from advanced ca pita list countries to late ind ustria lizing countries. Drawing upon case studies of th e steel industr y in th e US, Japan, South Korea, Brazil and India, Anthony P.D'Costa examines the relationship between industri al cha nge and institutional responses to techn ological diffusion....

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  • The use of intelligent materials which are capable of reacting to external stimuli is growing in the field of textiles. Conductive materials, metals as well as conducting polymers, are already being used in many textile applications, like antistatic materials, electromagnetic interference shielding, heating, transport of electrical signals, sensors etc.

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  • industrialisation strategies adopted and economic policies followed have shown great differences before and after 1980. An import substitution policy had been implemented until 1980. However, after 1980, significant progress has been made towards establishing the principles and fundamentals of a market economy through the introduction of export-oriented industrialisation. These reforms made significant contribution to the dynamism of the private sector and improved the adaptability of Turkish economy to internal and external impacts.

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  • Hexabromobenzene (HBB) has been used as a flame retardant in polymers, plastics, textiles, wood and paper. Its primary uses have been reported in the plastics, paper and electrical industries (Bruchajzer et al., 2004). U.S. production/import volume was listed as 10,000- 500,000 pounds for 1998, but no information is available beyond that time (U.S. EPA, 2002). In addition to its use as a flame retardant, HBB is a thermal decomposition product of octa- and decaBDEs and hexabromobiphenyl (as cited in Bruchajzer et al., 2004).

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  • The next largest category, accounting for close to 20% of imports since 1986, comprises light and textile industry products, including rubber, mineral, and iron products. The main imports in the category are iron, steel, textile yarn, and fabrics. However, imports of other products in the category, such as wool tops, wood, cork manufactures, leather, dressed fur, and aluminium, rose rapidly during 1986 and 1989.

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  • All plans of central and local governments focus on the infrastructural construction, such as energy, transportation and communication, and food processing plants. These developments require new technology, new equipment, new machinery, and new materials, but at present these needs cannot be met internally, either in terms of quantity or quality; they must be met by imports.

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  • Formaldehyde is widely used to manufacture building materials and numerous household products, and is also a by-product of combustion and certain other natural processes. Primary sources include pressed wood products such as particleboard, plywood, and medium density fiberboard (MDF), which is commonly used in flooring, furniture, shelving, cabinetry, paper products, and decorative fabrics and textiles. It also may be used as a biocide in certain paints, coatings, adhesives, and personal care products.

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