The soil ecosystem provides services such as carbon sequestration, nutrient cycling,
water purification, provisioning of industrial and pharmaceutical goods, and a
mitigating sink for chemical and biological agents. However, the soil is subject to
various degradation processes. Its relation with the hydrosphere, biosphere, and
atmosphere makes the interacting processes even more complex. Moreover, as the soilhuman
interactions increase, threats, leading to a series of impacts on soil health,
become more important....