"Mr. Ragg has produced something far better than a mere text-book: the earlier chapters especially are
particularly interesting reading. The whole book is well proportioned and scholarly, and gives the reader the
benefit of wide reading of the latest authorities. The contrasted growth and fortunes of the Judaic Church of
Jerusalem and the Church of the Gentiles are particularly clearly brought out."--Church Times.
"Written in a clear and interesting style, and summaries the early records of the growth of the Christian
community during the first century."--_Irish Ecclesiastical Gazette.
It is proper that I give some reasons for the publication of this paper. The importance of the subject of the
ecclesiastical organization of the churches gathered in heathen lands, I conceive to be a sufficient reason.
Those who may differ in regard to the views set forth in this paper, will not dispute the importance of the
They went back to the place outside the church, and Sir Ector put the sword in the stone
‘Now pull it out,’ he said to Arthur.
Arthur pulled it out. It came out as easily as a knife out of butter. Sir Ector saw this and
took Arthur’s hand.
‘You are my king,’ he said.
Only the next king can pull the sword out of the stone. Many people try, but they cannot
move the sword. Then young Arthur tries, and it comes out easily. Now he will be king. But
will he be a good king? Will his people love him? And will his life be...
"Let your loins be girded and your lamps burning, and be like men who are waiting for their master to come home from the marriage feast, so that they may open to him at once when he comes and knocks. Blessed are those servants whom the master finds awake when he comes; truly, I say to you, he will gird himself and have them sit at table, and he will
.come and serve them. If he comes in the second watch, or in the third, and finds them so, blessed are those servants! But know this, that if the householder...
To my Venerable Brothers the Cardinals, Patriarchs, Archbishops, Bishops, Priests, Deacons and to all the People of God.
Twenty years ago, work began on the Catechism of the Catholic Church that had been requested by the extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops held on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the close of the Second Vatican Council. I am filled with heartfelt thanks to the Lord God for having given the Church this Catechism, promulgated in 1992 by my venerated and beloved Predecessor, Pope John Paul II....
Too often--it is a half-acknowledged delusion, however--one meets with what appears to be a theory: that a
book of travel must necessarily be a series of dull, discursive, and entirely uncorroborated opinions of one
who may not be even an intelligent observer. This is mere intellectual pretence. Even a humble author--so
long as he be an honest one--may well be allowed to claim with Mr. Howells the right to be serious, or the
reverse, "with his material as he finds it;" and that "something personally experienced can only be realized on
the spot where it was lived.
Tradition, originating in the desire to account for the name of the town, would assign the foundation of a cell
or chapel to Theoc, or in Latin form Theocus, in or about 655. In support of this theory Camden and others
assert that it was called in Anglo-Saxon times Theocsburg or Theotisbyrg. Others would derive the name from
the Greek "Theotokos," as the Church is dedicated to St. Mary, and others again refer us back to a very early
name, Etocisceu--Latinised as Etocessa.
The usual mode of capital punishment in England for many centuries has been, and still is, hanging. Other
means of execution have been exercised, but none have been so general as death at the hands of the hangman.
In the Middle Ages every town, abbey, and nearly all the more important manorial lords had the right of
hanging, and the gallows was to be seen almost everywhere.
Representatives of the church often possessed rights in respect to the gallows and its victims.
"Whatever the prejudices of some may suggest, it will be admitted by all unbiassed judges, that the Protestant
Reformation was neither more nor less than an open rebellion. Indeed, the mere mention of private judgment,
on which it was avowedly based, is enough to substantiate this fact.
In the High Middle Ages, Europe saw explosive urban growth, a revival of trade, and an emboldened Catholic Church. Yet catastrophic setbacks followed in the form of plague, economic collapse, and war. Christianity remained a focus of European life, but centuries of confrontation with the monarchies left the Church weakened.
Paragraph 4. Christ's Faithful - Hierarchy, Laity, Consecrated Life
871 "The Christian faithful are those who, inasmuch as they have been incorporated in Christ through Baptism, have been constituted as the people of God; for this reason, since they have become sharers in Christ's priestly, prophetic, and royal office in their own manner, they are called to exercise the mission which God has entrusted to the Church to fulfill in the world, in 385 accord with the condition proper to each one.
There is no topographical division of Europe which more readily defines itself and its limits than the Rhine
valley from Schaffhausen to where the river empties into the North Sea.
The region has given birth to history and legend of a most fascinating character, and the manners and customs
of the people who dwell along its banks are varied and picturesque.
Under these circumstances it was but to be expected that architectural development should have expressed
itself in a decided and unmistakable fashion.
The opening words of Sir William Dugdale's account of Coventry assert that it is a city "remarkable for
antiquity, charters, rights and privileges, and favours shown by monarchs." Though this handbook is primarily concerned with a feature of the city he does not here mention--its magnificent buildings--the history of these
is bound up with that of the city.
On the edge of a green plain around which rise the first steps of the immense amphitheatre of the Alps, a little
castled city enthroned on a solitary hill watches since a thousand years the eternal and surpassing spectacle.
Around its feet a river runs, a silver girdle bending northward between pastures green, while eastward over the
towering azure heights the sunrise waves its flags of rose and gold.
In the dim hours of twilight or by a cloudy moonlight, the city pitched amid the drifting aerial heights seems
built itself of air and cloud, evanescent and unreal....
Norwich Cathedral stands on the site of no earlier church: it is to-day, in its plan and the general bulk of its
detail, as characteristically Norman as when left finished by the hand of Eborard, the second bishop of
In gathering material for this handbook I have received valuable help from several friends, whose kindness
calls for grateful recognition. My thanks are due, in the first place, to the Rev. W. F. G. Sandwith, Rector of
St. Bartholomew-the-Great, and the lay custodians of the church, for the facilities which have allowed me to
examine the building in all its parts, and for the readiness with which they have given information, not
accessible elsewhere, on various points of its history and architecture.
Cardinal Mai has left recorded his judgment that, "in matter of fact, the whole administration of the Church is
learnt in the letters of the Popes".
I draw from this judgment the inference that of all sources for the truths of history none are so precious,
instructive, and authoritative as these authentic letters contemporaneous with the persons to whom they are
addressed. The first which has been preserved to us is that of Pope St. Clement, the contemporary of St. Peter
and St. Paul.
In the connection of the church and state, I have considered the former as subservient only, and relative, to the
latter; a salutary maxim, if in fact, as well as in narrative, it had ever been held sacred. The Oriental
philosophy of the Gnostics, the dark abyss of predestination and grace, and the strange transformation of the
Eucharist from the sign to the substance of Christ's body, ^1 I have purposely abandoned to the curiosity of
A red fox ran into the empty church. In the middle of the floor he sat up and looked around. Nothing
stirred--not the painted figures on the wooden walls, nor the boy who now stood in the doorway. This boy was
gray-eyed and flaxen-haired, and might have been eleven or twelve years old. He was looking for the good old
priest, Father Ansgar, and the wild shy animal eyeing him from the foot of the altar made it only too clear that
the church, like the village, was deserted.
Father Ansgar was dead of the strange swift pestilence that was called in 1348 the Black...
JAMES was now at the height of power and prosperity. Both in England and in Scotland he had vanquished
his enemies, and had punished them with a severity which had indeed excited their bitterest hatred, but had, at
the same time, effectually quelled their courage. The Whig party seemed extinct. The name of Whig was
never used except as a term of reproach. The Parliament was devoted to the King; and it was in his power to
keep that Parliament to the end of his reign. The Church was louder than ever in professions of attachment to
him, and had, during the late insurrection, acted...