The compactness theorem

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  • Abstract In 1963 Atiyah and Singer proved the famous Atiyah-Singer Index Theorem, which states, among other things, that the space of elliptic pseudodifferential operators is such that the collection of operators with any given index forms a connected subset. Contained in this statement is the somewhat more specialized claim that the index of an elliptic operator must be invariant under sufficiently small perturbations.

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  • The discipline known as Mathematical Logic will not specifically be defined within this text. Instead, you will study some of the concepts in this significant discipline by actually doing mathematical logic. Thus, you will be able to surmise for yourself what the mathematical logician is attempting to accomplish. Consider the following three arguments taken from the disciplines of military science, biology, and set-theory, where the symbols (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) are used only to locate specific sentences....

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  • In this paper we study the extending of the Matheron theorem for general topological spaces. We also show some examples about the spaces F such that the miss-and-hit topology on those spaces are unseparated or non-Hausdorff. 1. Introduction The Choquet theorem (see [1, 2]) plays very importance role in theory of random sets. The proof of this theorem is based on the Matheron theorem and especially, the locally compact property of the space F , where F is a space of all close subsets of a given space E and F is equipped with the miss-and-hit topology (see [1]). ...

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  • Suppose that G is a locally compact abelian group, and write M(G) for the algebra of bounded, regular, complex-valued measures under convolution. A measure µ ∈ M(G) is said to be idempotent if µ ∗ µ = µ, or alternatively if µ takes only the values 0 and 1. The Cohen-Helson-Rudin idempotent theorem states that a measure µ is idempotent if and only if the set {γ ∈ G : µ(γ) = 1} belongs to the coset ring of G, 1. Introduction Let

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  • This paper is devoted to the proof of the orbifold theorem: If O is a compact connected orientable irreducible and topologically atoroidal 3-orbifold with nonempty ramification locus, then O is geometric (i.e. has a metric of constant curvature or is Seifert fibred). As a corollary, any smooth orientationpreserving nonfree finite group action on S 3 is conjugate to an orthogonal action. Contents 1. Introduction 2. 3-dimensional orbifolds 2.1. Basic definitions 2.2. Spherical and toric decompositions 2.3. Finite group actions on spheres with fixed points 2.4.

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  • Let X = G/H be a reductive symmetric space and K a maximal compact subgroup of G. The image under the Fourier transform of the space of K-finite compactly supported smooth functions on X is characterized. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Notation 3. The Paley-Wiener space. Main theorem 4. Pseudo wave packets 5. Generalized Eisenstein integrals 6. Induction of Arthur-Campoli relations 7. A property of the Arthur-Campoli relations 8. Proof of Theorem 4.4 9.

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  • Annals of Mathematics In this paper we will solve one of the central problems in dynamical systems: Theorem 1 (Density of hyperbolicity for real polynomials). Any real polynomial can be approximated by hyperbolic real polynomials of the same degree. Here we say that a real polynomial is hyperbolic or Axiom A, if the real line is the union of a repelling hyperbolic set, the basin of hyperbolic attracting periodic points and the basin of infinity.

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  • The theory of one-parameter semigroups of linear operators on Banach spaces started in the first half of this century, acquired its core in 1948 with the Hille–Yosida generation theorem, and attained its first apex with the 1957 edition of Semigroups and Functional Analysis by E. Hille and R.S. Phillips. In the 1970s and 80s, thanks to the efforts of many different schools, the theory reached a certain state of perfection, which is well represented in the monographs by E.B. Davies [Dav80], J.A. Goldstein [Gol85], A. Pazy [Paz83], and others.

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  • We classify measures on the locally homogeneous space Γ\ SL(2, R) × L which are invariant and have positive entropy under the diagonal subgroup of SL(2, R) and recurrent under L. This classification can be used to show arithmetic quantum unique ergodicity for compact arithmetic surfaces, and a similar but slightly weaker result for the finite volume case. Other applications are also presented. In the appendix, joint with D. Rudolph, we present a maximal ergodic theorem, related to a theorem of Hurewicz, which is used in theproof of the main result. ...

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  • Given a bounded valence, bushy tree T , we prove that any cobounded quasi-action of a group G on T is quasiconjugate to an action of G on another bounded valence, bushy tree T . This theorem has many applications: quasi-isometric rigidity for fundamental groups of finite, bushy graphs of coarse PD(n) groups for each fixed n; a generalization to actions on Cantor sets of Sullivan’s theorem about uniformly quasiconformal actions on the 2-sphere; and a characterization of locally compact topological groups which contain a virtually free group as a cocompact lattice. ...

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  • This book grew out of courses which I taught at Cornell University and the University of Warwick during 1969 and 1970. I wrote it because of a strong belief that there should be readily available a semi-historical and geometrically motivated exposition of J. H. C. Whitehead's beautiful theory of simple-homotopy types; that the best way to understand this theory is to know how and why it was built.

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