As part of a wider study to evaluate the effectiveness of Ofcom as a converged regulator, the National Audit Office commissioned RAND Europe to undertake comparative research on Ofcom in relation to communications regulators in other jurisdictions. This work began in February 2010 and was completed in July 2010. This report presents the findings of the research conducted on five case study areas as follows:
The effect of leisure activities on life satisfaction: The Importance of Holiday Trips. In recent years, the phenomenon of happiness has been receiving increased interest. People want to know what can possibly make them happier. Generally speaking, there are two ways to improve happiness, one is to change one's view on life and the other is to change one's way of life. The latter way is promising since approximately 40% of variance in happiness is attributable to intentional activity.
To study the clinical and paraclinical characteristics of primary knee osteoarthritis. To assess the effectiveness and safety of autologous platelet-rich plasma therapy in treament of primary knee osteoarthritis.
The Effectiveness of Antidumping Measures under the Byrd Amendment: Some Empirical Evidence for Catfish includes Imperfect Competition in Agricultural International Trade, Vietnamese catfish industry globalizes, Antidumping measurement – definition and investigation process.
Abstract Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between advertisement terminology and consumer product knowledge in the attitudes toward advertisements and brands. Design/Methodology/Approach One hundred and twenty undergraduates participated in a 2 9 2 (terminologies are used versus terminologies are not used 9 high consumer product knowledge versus low consumer product knowledge) between-subjects design.
The study aims to: investigate what is the reality of using eye contact in English teaching at Dong Thap University; raise the awareness of the importance of using nonverbal communication, especially eye contact in teaching English; give suggestions for improvement.
AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING (ERP) SYSTEMS, AS ASSESSED BY MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTANTS This tendency is at the core of my empirical strategy. To clarify it, I present next to a
simulation exercise that demonstrates the impact of market structure (J) on effectiveness
sorting under different assumptions about the importance of peer group to parental
preferences (δ), and thus about the stickiness of residential assignments.
The main objectives of this study were to examine the effects of coastal eutrophication on fi sh communities,
and on local recreational fi shery and commercial pikeperch fi shery on the northern coast
of the Gulf of Finland. The study focused on freshwater species, as they live their entire life cycle in
the most eutrophied areas, i.e., the archipelago and inner bays. Freshwater species are important for
the very popular recreational fi shery, forming the bulk of the annual total catch.
AN INQUIRY ll’TO THE EFFECTS OF PERSONALITY VARIABLES ON THE ECONOMIC RETURN TO EDUCATION The potential efficiency-enhancing effects of increased Tiebout choice operate
through the assumption that parents prefer schools with j
μ -promoting policies. To the
extent that this is true, Tiebout choice induces a positive correlation between j μ and j x ,
since high- i x families will outbid lower- i x families for homes near the most preferred
Dashboards have become popular in recent years as uniquely powerful tools for communicating important information at a glance. Although dashboards are potentially powerful, this potential is rarely realized. The greatest display technology in the world won't solve this if you fail to use effective visual design. And if a dashboard fails to tell you precisely what you need to know in an instant, you'll never use it, even if it's filled with cute gauges, meters, and traffic lights. Don't let your investment in dashboard technology go to waste. ...
Text prediction is the task of suggesting text while the user is typing. Its main aim is to reduce the number of keystrokes that are needed to type a text. In this paper, we address the inﬂuence of text type and domain differences on text prediction quality. By training and testing our text prediction algorithm on four different text types (Wikipedia, Twitter, transcriptions of conversational speech and FAQ) with equal corpus sizes, we found that there is a clear effect of text type on text prediction quality: training and testing on the same text type gave percentages of saved...
This paper explores the relationship between the translation quality and the retrieval effectiveness in Machine Translation (MT) based Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR). To obtain MT systems of different translation quality, we degrade a rule-based MT system by decreasing the size of the rule base and the size of the dictionary. We use the degraded MT systems to translate queries and submit the translated queries of varying quality to the IR system. Retrieval effectiveness is found to correlate highly with the translation quality of the queries.
This paper addresses the issue of POS tagger evaluation. Such evaluation is usually performed by comparing the tagger output with a reference test corpus, which is assumed to be error-free. Currently used corpora contain noise which causes the obtained performance to be a distortion of the real value. We analyze to what extent this distortion may invalidate the comparison between taggers or the measure of the improvement given by a new system. The main conclusion is that a more rigorous testing experimentation setting/designing is needed to reliably evaluate and compare tagger accuracies.
Near-term spoken language systems will likely be limited in their interactive capabilities. To design them, we shall need to model how the presence or absence of speaker interaction influences spoken discourse patterns in different types of tasks. In this research, a comprehensive examination is provided of the discourse structure and performance efficiency of both interactive and noninteractive spontaneous speech in a seriated assembly task.
National Institute of Standards and Technology
We investigate the consistency of human assessors involved in summarization evaluation to understand its effect on system ranking and automatic evaluation techniques. Using Text Analysis Conference data, we measure annotator consistency based on human scoring of summaries for Responsiveness, Readability, and Pyramid scoring.
Mitochondrial calcium overload has been implicated in the irreversible
damage of reperfused heart. Accordingly, we studied the effect of an oxy-gen-bridged dinuclear ruthenium amine complex (Ru360
), which is a select-ive and potent mitochondrial calcium uniporter blocker, on mitochondrial
dysfunction and on the matrix free-calcium concentration in mitochondria
isolated from reperfused rat hearts.
By strictest interpretation, theories of both centering and intonational meaning fail to predict the existence of pitch accented pronominals. Yet they occur felicitously in spoken discourse. To explain this, I emphasize the dual functions served by pitch accents, as markers of both propositional (semantic/pragmatic) and attentional salience.
The Basic 3D effect manipulates a layer in an imaginary 3D space. You can rotate your image around
horizontal and vertical axes and move it toward or away from you. With Basic 3D, you can also create a
specular highlight to give the effect of light reﬂecting off a rotated surface. The light source for the specular
highlight is always above, behind, and to the left of the viewer. Because the light comes from above, the
image must be tilted backward to see this reﬂection. This can enhance the realism of the 3D appearance.
The specular highlight can be viewed...
This effect creates the effect of card choreography by segmenting layers into numerous cards and then
controlling all geometric aspects of the cards using a second layer. For example, Card Dance can simulate
an extruded pin sculpture, a crowd “doing the wave,” or letters ﬂoating on the surface of a pond.
The PDF files in this folder provide additional documentation for the effects that come with
After Effects 5.0. Refer to the table on the following pages to determine which PDF contains the
information for a particular effect. The effect names are listed alphabetically in the first column.
The second column gives the category name under which the effect can be found both in the
After Effects Effect menu and in the PDF. The third column lists the name of the PDF which
includes the effect information....