The historical development

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  • When will the oil run out? Various estimates put this anywhere from 20 years from now to more than a century in the future. The shortfall in energy might eventually be made up by developments in nuclear fusion, fuel cells, and solar technologies, but what can substitute for gasoline and diesel in all the internal combustion enginepowered vehicles that will continue to be built worldwide until then? And what will stand in for petrochemicals as sources of building blocks for the extensive range of “synthetics” that became indispensable during the twentieth century?...

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  • This title explores the issue of innovation engineering, a feature that is essential to the continuation of growth and development in the commercial world. Discussion is divided into three parts: Part I covers the historical basis of innovation, noting that diversity rests upon a duality between concepts in theory and applications put into practice, as well as discussing how innovation has resulted from the interaction of numerous factors, be they societal, human, managerial, organization or technological.

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  • From the historical perspective, the two central problems facing most of the developing countries are: Who should bear the burden of the costs of development? and How should these costs be shared between those in the urban and rural sectors? The inevitable conflicts between the two have, in fact, been a long standing theme, reflected in the debates, in Britain over the Corn Laws, in the United States over industrial tariffs, and in Russia over the size of the "scissors." The book provides for the first time a unifying framework within which these questions can be systematically approached.

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  • In recent years, thanks to various global meetings such as the World Toilet Summits and Asia Pacific Toilet Symposiums, the issue of Public Toilets has evolved from being an embarrassing subject to one that is gaining widespread awareness and generating lively discussions. Toilet is culture; we visit the toilet several times a day. To enjoy our lives, we need to develop good toilet culture.

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  • This thesis is a combined volume containing three individual research papers, each written for submission to a different peer-reviewed journal. Each to some extent investigates community resiliency and vulnerability as they manifest in the past and present of Alaska Native foodways. The first paper, ‘Outpost Gardening in Interior Alaska’ examines the historical dimensions of cropping by Athabascan peoples as a part of local food system development and innovation; the second introduces the ‘Servicesoriented Architecture’ as a framework for describing ecosystem services,...

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  • The acts of lawlessness committed on September 11, 2001 were swiftly followed by a ‘war on terror’. This book sets out the essential features of the international legal framework against which the 9/11 attacks and the lawfulness of measures taken in response thereto fall to be assessed. It addresses, in an accessible manner, the relevant law in relation to: ‘terrorism’, questions as to ‘responsibility’ for it, the criminal law frame- work, lawfulconstraints on the use of force, the humanitarian law that governs in armed conflict, and international human rights law.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp quốc tế, đề tài:"Distribution, historical development and ecophysiological attributes of oak species in the eastern United States...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp đề tài: Historical development of floodplain forests in the Upper Moravian Vale (Vrapač National Nature Reserve, Czech Republic)...

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  • Environmental indicators are essential tools for tracking environmental progress, supporting policy evaluation and informing the public. Since the early 1990s, such indicators have gained in importance in many countries and in international fora. As part of their commitment to transparency and to better information of the public, OECD countries increasingly use a reduced number of indicators, so-called “key indicators”, selected from larger sets to report on major environmental issues.

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  • Mounting evidence suggests that antecedents of adult mental disorders can be detected in children and adolescents. The development of policies and programmes for child and adolescent mental health have lagged those for adult mental disorders. The reasons for the lag are many, including widespread lack of knowledge about child development and childhood mental disorders, relatively weak advocacy, lack of training and in many parts of the world, absent fi nancial and professional resources for programme development and implementation.

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  • The student of India who would at the same time be an historian, discovers to his sorrow that the land of his researches is lamentably poor in historical sources. And if within the realm of historical investigation, a more seductive charm lies for him in the analysis of great personalities than in ascertaining the course of historical development, then verily may he look about in vain for such personalities in the antiquity and middle ages of India. Not that the princely thrones were wanting in great men in ancient India, for we find abundant traces of them in Hindu...

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  • The trading post is an old and influential institution. Established in the midst of an undeveloped society by a more advanced people, it is a center not only of new economic influences, but also of all the transforming forces that accompany the intercourse of a higher with a lower civilization. The Phoenicians developed the institution into a great historic agency. Closely associated with piracy at first, their commerce gradually freed itself from this and spread throughout the Mediterranean lands. A passage in the Odyssey (Book XV.

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  • Historical development of the banking system, financial innovation and the growth of the shadow banking system, structure of the U.S. commercial banking industry, bank consolidation and separation of the banking, international banking,... is the main content of the lecture "Banking Industry: Structure and Competition". Invite you to consult the detailed content lectures to capture details.

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  • Operations management is identified within the organizational chart and its role in the organization is defined. Chapter one presents a concept map and outlines the textbook chapters. The chapters are grouped by the key themes of strategic planning, project management, decision analysis, quality, supply chain management, and e-commerce.

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  • And in times of financial turmoil, when depositors became wary of private banks, they have been willing to place funds in postal savings at significantly less than the privately offered return. There have been times when this helped to stabilize the situation, as postal savings were redeposited directly to solvent banks reducing the amount of cash drain out of the banking system.

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  • In this chapter, students will be able to understand: Describe the historical development of the modern global monetary system, explain the role played by the World Bank and the IMF in the international monetary system, compare and contrast the differences between a fixed and a floating exchange rate system,...

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  • "In IQ Testing 101, Alan Kaufman gives a well thought out, articulate account of the historical development of intelligent IQ testing. It provides non-expert readers, like me, with a better understanding of IQ and its important clinical ramifications. Kaufman's engaging style of presentation makes you feel as if you are in the thick of this important field of inquiry..."

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  • The Names of Plants is an invaluable reference for botanists and horticulturalists. The first section gives an historical account of the significant changes in the ways by which plants have been known and named. It documents the problems associated with an ever-increasing number of common names of plants, and the resolution of these problems through the introduction of International Codes for both botanical and horticultural nomenclature.

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  • C H A P T E R N I N E The Economic Theory of Housing Tenure Choice 9.1 INTRODUCTION Within the theory of housing markets, one may broadly distinguish three approaches, which roughly correspond to the historical development of the discipline.

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  • Always controversial, Thomas DeGregori has released another classic volume that is sure to inform, confound, and present new perspectives on todays environmental issues. This time he is taking on the environmentalists, naturalists, green consumerists, and those that hail the natural lifestyle as the healthy, politically correct thing to do. DeGregori examines the economics of green consumerism, the reality of saving the environment, how historical cultures may have influenced environmental damage, and how being ecologically correct may have a more damaging effect on our environment....

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