The nature of law

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  • Ronald Dworkin argues that Americans have been systematically misled about what their Constitution is, and how judges decide what it means. The Constitution, he observes, grants individual rights in extremely abstract terms. The First Amendment prohibits the passing of laws that “abridge the freedom of speech”; the Fifth Amendment insists on “due process of law”; and the Fourteenth Amendment demands “equal protection of the laws” for all persons.

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  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights proclaim that everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including freedom to manifest their religion or belief in worship, teaching, practice and observance. Even today, in our democratic societies too, this fundamental right is still sometimes restricted and meets with hostility and intolerance.

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  • Business and commercial enterprise takes place within a legal context and, in the final analysis, is governed and regulated by law. One of the problems facing the person studying business activity, and the one that is specifically addressed in this book, is the fact that business enterprise takes place within a general and wide-ranging legal environment, but the student is required to have more than a passing knowledge of the legal rules and procedures which impact on business activity.

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  • The exploitation of natural resources of the moon and other celestial bodies represents one of the most fascinating developments in the fields of space law and space related activities. The mining and use of extraterrestrial mineral resources may not only contribute to the betterment of conditions of people on earth but may also enable the realization of projects such as those envisaging a permanent human presence on the surface of the moon and other celestial bodies.

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  • The author's aim has been to produce such a condensation of the original work as may recall its contents to those who have read it, and may serve those who are now reading it in the place of a full body of marginal notes. Mr. Mill's conclusions on the true province and method of Logic have a high substantive value, independent even of the arguments and illustrations by which they are supported; and these conclusions may be adequately, and, it is believed, with much practical utility, embodied in an epitome.

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  • Europe’s constitutional journey has not been a smooth one. On the contrary, it is not an exaggeration to say that Europe’s search for a constitution has turned out to be an opening of Pandora’s box: In the controversy surrounding the European Constitution, all kinds of quarrels and debates are cast on issues ranging from the enlargement of the European Union to its legal-political nature, from the legitimacy of the Union to its very identity, from the role the Union should play in the world to the way its actions influence daily life in its smallest regions....

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  • Environmental and Natural Resource Economics takes a policy-oriented approach, introducing economic theory in the context of debates and empirical work from the field. Readers will gain a global perspective of both environmental and natural resource economics.

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  • Always controversial, Thomas DeGregori has released another classic volume that is sure to inform, confound, and present new perspectives on todays environmental issues. This time he is taking on the environmentalists, naturalists, green consumerists, and those that hail the natural lifestyle as the healthy, politically correct thing to do. DeGregori examines the economics of green consumerism, the reality of saving the environment, how historical cultures may have influenced environmental damage, and how being ecologically correct may have a more damaging effect on our environment....

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  • A concise account of international law by an experienced practitioner, this book explains how states and international organisations, especially the United Nations, make and use international law. The nature of international law and its fundamental concepts and principles are described. The difference and relationship between various areas of international law which are often misunderstood (such as diplomatic and state immunity, and human rights and international humanitarian law) are clearly explained.

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  • This text has been written primarily for the specialist market of second and third year undergraduate and post-graduate students of economics. The clear explanations and basic principles that underpin the text, however, make it readily accessible to non-economists coming to environmental economics from diverse programmes of study. Natural Resource and Environmental Economics is among the leading textbooks in its field.

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  • An introduction to the study of environmental and natural resource economics, designed to be accessible to students who have completed a two-semester introductory course in economics or a one-semester introductory microeconomics course. Treats intertemporal optimization within a discrete-time, mathematical programming framework, relegating mathematics beyond simple algebra to appendices, and includes exercises, answers, and discussion questions.

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  • The discussion of the properties of relative international prices has been closely tied with a discussion on the nature of the pricing decisions by ¯rms. 5 The observed slow pass-through of exchange rate changes to consumer prices and deviations from the law of one price for traded goods are consistent with prices of imported goods that are sticky in the currency of the consumer (local currency pricing). This pricing mechanism, however, dampens the expenditure-switching e®ect of nominal exchange rate movements.

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  • This book is concerned with the organisation, powers and accountability of government in the British constitution. It has been written from a lawyer’s perspective, modified by an awareness that the British constitution is far from being exclusively the handiwork of lawyers. Judges and other practitioners of the discipline of law have made a notable contribution to it, but so have political philosophers, controversialists of many hues, party organisations, peers, rebels in and out of Parliament and the legions of special interests.

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  • The blossoming of computer science (CS) research is evident in the information technology that has migrated from a specialized tool confined to the laboratory or corporate back office to a ubiquitous presence in machines and devices that now figure in the lives of virtually every individual. This widespread diffusion of information technology can obscure the nature of computer science research underlying the IT— from the perspective of many outside the field, computer science is seen not as a basic area of systematic inquiry but as a tool to support other endeavors....

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  • In the first two articles of this series, we investigated various higher analogues of Gauss composition, and showed how several algebraic objects involving orders in quadratic and cubic fields could be explicitly parametrized. In particular, a central role in the theory was played by the parametrizations of the quadratic and cubic rings themselves. These parametrizations are beautiful and easy to state.

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  • In the first three parts of this series, we considered quadratic, cubic and quartic rings (i.e., rings free of ranks 2, 3, and 4 over Z) respectively, and found that various algebraic structures involving these rings could be completely parametrized by the integer orbits of an appropriate group representation on a vector space. These orbit results are summarized in Table 1.

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  • Administrative law provides many of the safeguards which prevent government becoming an intolerable evil. It is the purpose of this book to provide an introduction to administrative law and its control of government power indicating, wherever possible, the nature of those powers, the purpose of governmental functions as well as the scope and effectiveness of legal control.

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  • This book grew out of the experiences of the late 1980s and early 1990s. The economic downturn and high interest rates scattered financial distress around the world. Many private individuals and corporations faced the grim reality of insolvency. The plague did not distinguish between race, religion or nationality. However, the social response to the malaise did. In many countries the illness was diagnosed as terminal.

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  • Five preeminent legal theorists tackle a range of fundamental questions on the nature of the philosophy of criminal law. Their essays explore the extent to which and the ways in which our systems of criminal law can be seen as rational and principled. The essays discuss some of the principles by which, it is often thought, a system of law should be structured, and they ask whether our own systems are genuinely principled or driven by basic contradictions, reflecting deeper political and social conflicts....

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  • In the foregoing section, we have studied the character of plants and the laws which govern their growth. We learned that one necessary condition for growth is a fertile soil, and therefore we will examine the nature of different soils, in order that we may understand the relations between them and plants. What is a fixed character of

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