Around the world, many fisheries are shared fisheries in the sense that a common fish stock is accessed by both
commercial and non-commercial fishers. Non-commercial fishers can include recreational fishers, or customary fishers,
or both. A prevalent problem in these fisheries is competition between commercial and non-commercial fishers for
access to a resource that is subject to increasing utilisation pressure.
The Portfolio Review found that social funds projects that respond to
emergency situations through the rapid creation of employment oppor-
tunities are likely to achieve their objectives. The design of such social
funds projects reflects their emergency nature well. The Portfolio Re-
view did not, therefore, dwell on this cohort of social funds projects.
In addition to these incentives, the Department is currently developing a new radio licence
fee model, based on spectrum consumption and relative spectrum scarcity. Under the
proposed new model, licensees who adopt spectrum efficient technologies would benefit
from lower licence fees. The new fee model would therefore encourage voluntary early
migration to more spectrum efficient technologies.
The provisions of the present plan will be applicable within congested areas (i.e. areas of
intensive mobile use, where applicants are denied access to spectrum).
For the past 14 years, Professor Ann Harding has spearheaded the devel-
opment of highly sophisticated microsimulation models and databases
within Australia, so that policy makers can gain much better information
about the likely distributional impact of current and proposed policies. She
leads the University of Canberra’s National Centre for Social and Economic
Modelling, established in January 1993, and is a professor of Applied Eco-
nomics and Social Policy at the University.
Using the economic model of demand, supply, and integration, the authors discuss the elements that shape the demand when attempting to define strategic direction and potential investment strategies in the next 15 to 20 years. There is an emphasis on nonmateriel solutions in the supplying of new ideas, as well on allowing new concepts to be shared throughout the Air Force. The integration process f......
For the past fifteen years the New Keynesian model has
served as a frame of reference for analyses of fluctuations
and stabilization policies.1 That framework has allowed the
rigor and internal consistency of dynamic general equilibrium
models to be combined with typically Keynesian
assumptions, like monopolistic competition and nominal
rigidities, thus setting the stage for a meaningful, welfarebased
analysis of the effects of alternative monetary policy
The standard economic model assumes that the consumer makes a plan for consumption
over time, aiming to satisfy a single set of dynamically consistent preferences, and then
sticks to this plan, unless new information arrives. This framework is tractable, and
intuitive in the sense that it captures the deliberative side of human decision-making.
An alternative framework has recently gained the attention of economists,
however, in which the consumer’s ability to adhere to a plan for consumption depends on
the outcome of an internal struggle.
I began to think about crime in the 1960s after driving to Columbia
University for an oral examination of a student in economic theory. I was
late and had to decide quickly whether to put the car in a parking lot or risk
getting a ticket for parking illegally on the street. I calculated the likelihood
of getting a ticket, the size of the penalty, and the cost of putting the car in a
lot. I decided it paid to take the risk and park on the street. (I did not get a
The main aim of our new book, as reflected in its title, is to consider the
origins, development and current state of modern macroeconomics in a manner
appropriate for intermediate undergraduates taking courses in macroeconomics.
As such we have assumed that such students will already have a firm grasp
of basic economic principles and be familiar with introductory macroeconomic
theories and models as developed, for example, in textbooks such as those by
Abel and Bernanke (2001), Blanchard (2003), or Mankiw (2003).
Tài liệu về kinh tế học pháp luật. Tài liệu bằng tiếng Anh, mời các bạn cùng tham khảo. Economic analysis of law usually proceeds under the assumptions of neoclassical
economics. But empirical evidence gives much reason to doubt these
assumptions; people exhibit bounded rationality, bounded self-interest, and
bounded willpower. This article offers a broad vision of how law and economics
analysis may be improved by increased attention to insights about actual
Nermien Al-Ali began her Intellectual Property (IP) career as the Managing Attorney of the IP
Department of one of Egypt’s leading international business law firms, Ibrachy & Dermarkar.
Then she counseled multinational clients on local and international IP laws and treaties. Her business
experience encouraged her to embark on researching models for managing IP and other
intellectual capital, leading to her teaching career.
The phenomenon of globalization has captured the popular imagination in
the last decade or so. This is reflected in numerous books published on this
topic from various academic disciplines and across philosophical discourses.
In discussing the various facets of globalization, almost all discourses consider
the role of business and/or multinational corporations to be very salient
in either enhancing this phenomenon or managing the process of globalization.
Basic principles underlying the transactions of financial markets are tied to
probability and statistics. Accordingly it is natural that books devoted to
mathematical finance are dominated by stochastic methods. Only in recent
years, spurred by the enormous economical success of financial derivatives,
a need for sophisticated computational technology has developed. For example,
to price an American put, quantitative analysts have asked for the
numerical solution of a free-boundary partial differential equation.
Environmental challenges act as a spur to invention and innovation. R&D will continue to be important
as companies and investors seek disruptive technology solutions that can change the economics of,
and rewards from, new environmental products or processes. Significant private and public funds have
already been established, many of which are still investing despite the current economic slowdown.
The short‐term challenge is to ensure that these funds continue to flow and to sustain future growth.
Capital markets are becoming global markets and commercial real estate markets are no
exception. Recently, international real estate investors have expressed interest in investing in
the Asian emerging markets. Three main reasons can be given for investing in such markets.
First the strong economic performance in the region, at least up to 1997 and the huge
growth potential of the region in the future.
For new information to be valuable it must, of course, actually be new information. If
new cost estimation or accounting procedures simply confirm existing beliefs, they have little
likelihood of contributing to changes in decision-making, and thus little likelihood of adding
value. Environmental accounting techniques will be most valuable when they correct beliefs
that are biased or when they focus on issues subject to high degrees of uncertainty.
A focus in much of the environmental accounting literature is on the failure to quantify
environmental benefits and costs.
I can still remember the day I realized marketing had changed forever. It was summer of 2004. I was reading an article about Kryptonite, a manufacturer of bicycle locks. Kryptonite had found itself in uncharted territory after a series of forum posts and an online video revealed how the brand’s tubular bike locks could be opened with a simple BIC pen. At first, the company denied the claim’s validity. But as word (and ire) spread like wildfire across the Internet’s budding social sphere, Kryptonite soon realized it had to change its way of thinking. In a bold move, its leaders...
Gerontogeriatric nursing groups knowledge and
nursing practices derived from General Nursing,
Geriatrics and Gerontology(3). Gerontogeriatric nursing
is, in addition, a specific branch of nursing that delivers
care to the elderly at all levels of prevention, i.e., from
health promotion to rehabilitation. This nomenclature was
selected because it is understood as being more
comprehensive and adequate(4).
Our analysis will emphasize a mechanism of propagation of the effects of cloud
computing which depends on the endogenous market structures. Through business
creation, the adoption of cloud computing is going to enhance competition in each
sector and to increase production and lower mark ups. This will have a positive im-
pact on consumption so as to contribute to the recovery of the EU economy. Most
of all, part of these effects are going to be positively related to the speed of adop-
tion of the new technology.
We modelled potential impacts from a decline in international students, initially through the
construction of a Baseline case for growth which largely held prior to current trends. From a
growth forecast for 2010 of 214,212 students, we model this baseline and three realistic