For much of history, few things have mattered more to humans than their
relations with soil. This is evidenced by a rich historical literature on aspects
of soil management and soil fertility, dating back to texts of ancient
civilizations of the Middle East, the Mediterranean, China, and India
(see McNeill and Winiwarter 2004).
the end consumer as the most important element in the food chain, and to re-
construct the single elements of the food production and distribution process
from the consumers perspective – in other words to start a reversed food
chain thinking. This approach makes it possible to come to a kind of
hierarchical analysis of the research issues in three main categories1
Consumer confidence in food safety has recently dropped to very low levels,
as illustrated e.g.
The general objective of the study was to reveal real consumer behavior towards clothing products of GARCO 10 at Long Bien district. The research used the primary data collected from the survey of 120 customers in 2013.
Insurance companies are using social media to increase visibility, enhance familiarity, develop
relationships and build trust. Perhaps, presently, the primary advantage of using social media is to
generate exposure. Another key use of social media by the insurance industry is to provide customer
service in order to build and maintain relationships with consumers (see Appendix D for examples).
The insurance industry has built its foundation on networking and building a good reputation.
Your Marketing major will cover all the essential
components of marketing including consumer behaviour,
marketing management, strategy, research and analysis.
You’ll explore the strengths and weaknesses of many of the
theories on which the conventional approach to marketing
is based. You’ll also discover that marketing is not about
routinely applying a standard set of techniques but instead
about using knowledge and experience to give each issue
its own specific strategy.
The current status of studies of online shopping attitudes and behavior is investigated through an analysis of 35 empirical articles found in nine primary Information Systems (IS) journals and three major IS conference proceedings. A taxonomy is developed based on our analysis. A conceptual model of online shopping is presented and discussed in light of existing empirical studies. Areas for further research are discussed.
Inspired by the work of Dubois and Laurent (1994), Leibenstein (1950), Mason (1992), Kapferer (1998), Eastman
et al. (1999) Phau and Prendergast (2000), and Dubois et al. (2001) on the evaluation of luxury brands, Vigneron
and Johnson (2004) developed a framework of ‗brand luxury index‘ proposing that the luxury-seeking consumer‘s
decision-making process can be explained by five main factors that form a semantic network.
The federal government enacted the Federal Alcohol Administration Act (FAAA) shortly after the repeal of Prohibition, and this
legislation has served as the primary vehicle for regulating alcohol advertising in the United States. The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax
and Trade Bureau (TTB) has primary responsibility for enforcing the FAAA. Consumer protection and advertising regulation are
not, however, areas of expertise for the TTB, which is located within the Department of the Treasury, and the FAAA provides only
limited authority and guidance.
Incorporating relevant theoretical and empirical findings, this paper aims to identify and conceptualize the
primary dimensions which influence the consumers‘ individual perception of luxury as a first step leading towards
a scale to measure luxury value cross-culturally. According to Hassan and Katsanis (1994) and Tse et al. (1988),
we suggest that the needs of luxury consumer segments cross national borders and that common structures in
luxury value perception exist cross-culturally – even if the relative importance of the decision determinants may
Because of the threepart process used to develop and
communicate the 2005 Dietary Guidelines, this publication
and the report of the DGAC differ in scope and purpose
compared to reports for previous versions of the Guidelines.
The 2005 DGAC report is a detailed scientific analysis that
identifies key issues such as energy balance, the conse
quences of a sedentary lifestyle, and the need to emphasize
certain food choices to address nutrition issues for the
The current global epidemic of pulmonary tuberculosis
has highlighted the need for new screening
tests that are rapid and accurate. The social burden
of pulmonary tuberculosis has increased because
many patients are also infected with human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and the rates of
multidrug-resistant tuberculosis are increasing.1
However, screening technology has not changed
greatly during the past several decades. Many highburden
countries depend upon sputum smears and
chest radiographs, supplemented by cultures when
The socialist fiscal system was implicit in the vertical structure of planning and
prices. In the Soviet Union, virtually all investment activity was channeled through the
budget. The primary nominal sources of tax revenue were enterprise profits and resource
rents, turnover taxes charged on the difference between retail prices of consumer goods
and their nominal enterprise cost, and profits of a foreign trade monopoly.
Yet, we have been told that the free market alone may not be able to improve security
sufficiently. The return on investment may be hard to prove, and businesses will only do what
makes sense for the bottom line. We are generally skeptical of direct regulation and of
government agencies grading the security of a private company, which is another form of
regulation. Threats and practices change so quickly that government-imposed standards
cannot keep up. Regulations can add to costs that ultimately come out of consumers’ pockets. ...
Primary care clinicians often provide continuity of care, emphasize prevention,
and address chronic illness with their patients. All these endeavors
require the active involvement of the patient in treatment planning and
adherence. An active and healthy therapeutic alliance that recognizes that
patients are the chief consumers of health care is essential in this regard.
This critical role in directing one’s health care can be either facilitated or
complicated by a patient’s emotional, cognitive, and behavioral strengths
or weaknesses (ie, mental health).
As part of the ING Direct Consumer Savings Monitor quarterly tracking, we ask survey recipients to record their current
level of outstanding unsecured debts from credit cards, overdrafts, personal loans and hire-purchase agreements.
Outstanding debts refer to those remaining after bills have been paid (so credit paid off in full each month would
not be included).
Using this data we produce a mean average. In tracking debt levels, the mean average gives a better indication of average
debt levels among UK people than the median.
Midwife – Often, these practitioners are women with specialized knowledge in prenatal
care, birthing assistance and aftercare. The midwife may employ the use of massage, diets,
medicines and ritual, prayers and/or counselling. Traditional midwifery exists worldwide
and involves a variety of skills, often biophysical, but can also include spiritual and ritual
activity as well.
None of the specialized categories are solely exclusive; rather, they are often
interdependent and some practitioners may hold a number of specialized knowledges.
Road trafﬁc is one of the major consumers of energy, particularly in western industrialized countries, and globally it exhibits the highest growth rate in energy consumption of all sectors. In the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, more than 33% of the total ﬁnal energy consumption goes into the transportation sector, amounting to more than 11% of the world’s total primary energy consumed.
Sinh thái học của người tiêu dùng tiểu học trên mặt đất
Khái niệm cơ bản Có nhiều cách tiếp cận để nghiên cứu và đánh giá cao của thế giới tự nhiên. Sinh thái học nhìn nó với sự quan tâm của ông tập trung vào các mối quan hệ giữa các sinh vật sống và môi trường xung quanh.
In many parts of the world the primary source of animal protein for humans is finfish. The
intensive culture of finfish has grown significantly since the 1980s partly because of the
dramatic decline in the natural fish stocks and the increase in fish consumption by the
ever-increasing population. For example, the worldwide consumption of fish between
1990 and 1997 increased by 30% while the capture fisheries increased only by 9%.
University students go on field research trips or excursions during the low season. Therefore,
destinations have to identify the seasonality patterns of their various markets and attract compatible
segments, which will enable them to maximise their total yield (both average expenditure and
occupancy levels) (O’Brien, 1996). It is also important to understand other factors that influence the
decision of consumers to purchase. The social status and peer groups of consumers often influence
what is acceptable and desirable as a destination.