In 1979, Glenford Myers published a book that turned out to be a classic. Myers’s original The Art of Software Testing stood the test of time, 25 years on the publisher’s list of available books. This fact alone is a testament to the solid,...
In 1979, Glenford Myers published
a book that turned out to be a classic. Myers’s original The Art of Software
Testing stood the test of time, 25 years on the publisher’s list of
available books. This fact alone is a testament to the solid, basic, and
valuable nature of his work.
During that same time, the current authors of the updated version
of this book published collectively more than 120 books, most of
them on computer software topics. Some of these books sold very
well, going through multiple versions....
In under-sampling, instead of using all observations of the majority class to train the
model, only a random subset of the majority class is used in addition to the minority class.
Training samples of the majority class are randomly eliminated until the ratio of the
majority and minority classes reach a preset value, usually close to 1. A disadvantage of
under-sampling is that it reduces the data available for training.
Raising capital gains taxes will lower the return on some types of assets, and could decrease investment. If investors decrease
stock holdings, and businesses rely on financing from in-state investors, then a state’s economy could grow more slowly. But
a debate on capital gains taxes in the 1980s and 1990s inspired a considerable body of research, which ultimately found that
these taxes have little impact on long-term investment.
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Psychology and Achievement, by Warren Hilton This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: Psychology and Achievement Author: Warren Hilton Release Date: October 19, 2004
The original book, income and wealth, published by Iwanami Shoten Japanese in 1991. Widely welcomed as a new classical distribution theory, it won the prestigious award Shimbun Nikkei Economic Book the same year. Tsuneo Ishikawa started working on an English translation of his book soon after publication, but he became ill and at the time of his death in 1998, leaving half of it is incomplete. He died soon make friends, colleagues, and students together to Tsuneo Ishikawa Fund to commemorate the life and his work, and the end of 2000, 500 people have contributed to the Fund. One of...
The birth and infancy of entrepreneurship was turned into a specific area of academic
study and empirical research quite early. The field greatly evolved, and at the same
time, a constant urge to deal with real problems existed, from firm creation to
industrial growth, including firm strategy and economic policy.
Economic, sociological, and managerial academics began to devise a detailed and
interpretative framework for the study of entrepreneurship.
Economic thinking is all about making difficult choices. Critical economic
thinking is all about being aware of how you think about economic issues so
that you can make the best decisions possible. All of us engage in economic
thinking whether it is shopping for ourselves, making business decisions that affect
our fellow workers, or deciding on government policies that affect the entire
nation. Of course such decision making is not done solely from an economic
perspective. Shopping decisions are affected by a variety of cultural influences.
As you begin your study of psychology, you
will find that it is different from any of your other
classes. This is because psychology is connected
to both the social sciences, such as history or
economics, and the natural sciences, such as
biology and chemistry. As a social science, psychology
explores the influences of society on
individual behavior and group relationships. As a
natural science, psychology looks for biological
explanations for human behavior.
DOES THE SENSORY ORDER HAVE A USEFUL ECONOMIC FUTURE? Cognition and psychology have become central issues in economics. While this interest represents a radical change in economic theory, it does have a useful history that we believe is only partially recognized by contemporary economists
We report the results of experiments on economic decisions with two populations,
one of healthy elderly individuals (average age 82) and one of younger students (average
age 20). We examine confidence, decisions under uncertainty, differences between
willingness to pay and willingness to accept and the theory of mind (strategic thinking).
Our findings indicate that the older adults’ decision behavior is similar to that of young
adults, contrary to the notion that economic decision making is impaired with age.
Urinary incontinence is a condition that affects a significant proportion of the
population. The prevalence increases with age and there is a female preponderance.
With the advent of more aggressive management strategies for prostate cancer, there is
an increase in the proportion of men struggling with incontinence as well.
Incontinence has social, physical, psychological and economic implications for the
individual as well as society as a whole.
SCIENCE AND MARKET AS ADAPTIVE CLASSIFYING SYSTEMS. As the cognitive sciences – particularly neuroscience, cognitive psychology, and a rejuvenated artificial intelligence movement that has largely abandoned the model of the mind as a formal machine
Evidence-Based Counselling and Psychological Therapies assesses the
impact of the international drive towards evidence-based health care on
NHS policy and the provision of psychological services in the NHS.
An outstanding range of contributors provides an overview of
evidencebased health care and the research methods that underpin it,
demonstrating its effect on policy, provision, practitioners and patients.
Behavioral economics has been the economics profession’s runaway
growth area of recent decades. Scholars in this area work largely at the
intersection of economics and psychology. Much of their attention has
focused on systematic biases in people’s judgments and decisions. As the late
Amos Tversky, a Stanford University psychologist and a founding father of
behavioral economics, liked to say, “My colleagues, they study artifi cial
intelligence. Me? I study natural stupid
For investments to provide local benefits, mechanisms need to be in place
ensuring technical and economic viability, consistency with local land use plans
and taxation regimes, and transfers of assets from nonviable projects. This
should also include the scope for investment and associated land governance
issues in countries’ broader development strategies that identify areas or crops
where investment can provide the highest benefits based on agro-ecological
endowments and existing land use intensity.
Barriers to low-carbon investment may be financial, structural or technical. Financial barriers include
fossil fuel subsidies, and the unpriced carbon externality. These discourage local businesses, project
developers, vendors, technology providers from offering low carbon solutions to the market, and hamper
institutional and market financing mechanisms enabling such businesses to grow.
In this paper, we explore the economic effect of the ECE industry in California. We first provide an
overview of the industry in California, describing characteristics of the workforce, costs for parents,
and the availability of public dollars to assist low-income families needing child care.
Early care and education (ECE) is an important industry in California, serving more than 850,000
California children and their families and bringing in gross receipts of at least $5.6 billion annually.
The industry not only benefits the children who receive care, but also strengthens the California
economy as a whole, which is especially important during this time in which California is struggling
with high unemployment and a weak economic recovery. This paper discusses the range of
economic benefits that the ECE industry brings to California. ...