Our thanks go to all those involved in the writing and production of this book. We owe
a debt of gratitude to all the contributors for their chapters and for their forbearance in
the long time it has taken to be ﬁnally published. Our thanks go to Dan Saunders who
produced the cover image and to Shibu Raman for producing the drawings for Chapter 5.
We thank the Dutch Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning and Environment for
supporting the preparation of this book, in particular Japp van Staalduine.
European society and the European economy do not yet exploit the full potential for resource
efficiency. Much recyclable waste is either exported or sent to landfill. A lack of long-term
frameworks holds back planning and investment, most obviously on a climate and energy
framework beyond 2020, but also on long term sustainable use of key resources such as air,
soil, energy, water, fish and biomass. At the same time, such frameworks can help to
galvanise the innovation needed to exploit the potential of the transition to a low-carbon
economy in areas like transport, energy and agriculture....
Establishing governance and institutional frameworks:
Chapter 3 reports the extent to which countries have been able
to establish the political, social, economic and administrative
systems needed for managing the development and use of
Applying management instruments: Chapter 4 reports the
extent to which countries have been able to apply tools and
methods, often referred to as “management instruments”
that enable and help decision-makers to make rational
and informed choices between alternative actions.
To conserve spectrum in critical frequency bands, the Department may encourage
appropriate radio systems to be developed in alternate frequency bands and the use
of existing networks to their maximum capacity. Emphasis also will continue to be
placed on efficient spectrum utilization and conservation techniques, if viable, as a
requirement for existing and new services. Priority will be considered for
technologies and systems which are more spectrum efficient.
The Clean Water and Drinking Water State Revolving Funds are provided $2 billion in FY 2013.
As part of the Administration’s long-term strategy, the EPA is implementing a Sustainable Water
Infrastructure Policy that focuses on working with states and communities to enhance technical,
managerial and financial capacity. Important to the enhanced technical capacity will be
alternatives analyses to expand "green infrastructure" options and their multiple benefits.