The Synthesis of Yoga ﬁrst appeared serially in the monthly
review Arya between August 1914 and January 1921. Each
instalment was written immediately before its publication. The
work was left incomplete when the Arya was discontinued. Sri
Aurobindo never attempted to complete the Synthesis;hedid,
however, lightly revise the Introduction, thoroughly revise all
of Part I, “The Yoga of Divine Works”, and signiﬁcantly revise
several chapters of Part II, “The Yoga of Integral Knowledge”.
Concentration signifies the state of being at a centre (con and _centrum_). Applied to thought, it is the act of
bringing the mind to a single point. Each human being must practise concentration subjectively and
objectively. In other words, each human being aims with more or less precision at concentration on a point
within and a point without his own world. Concentration "without" is illustrated when you devote all your
attention upon Nature, such as learning a trade, a profession, a science, an art or some form of business. This
is _Evolution_, outgoing or positive mental energy.
The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali are in themselves exceedingly brief, less than ten pages of large type in the
original. Yet they contain the essence of practical wisdom, set forth in admirable order and detail. The theme,
if the present interpreter be right, is the great regeneration, the birth of the spiritual from the psychical man:
the same theme which Paul so wisely and eloquently set forth in writing to his disciples in Corinth, the theme
of all mystics in all lands.
In this book, the term Zen is used to roll together all of these con-
cepts. This is not an orthodox treatment of Zen. The book could have
been called the Yoga, Tao, or Way of Managing Projects. In the end all
of these terms are pointing to the same basic strategy—regard every-
thing as a part of a holistic, integrated system, set your intention to
include all of your personal and nonpersonal goals, apply objectivity
and subjectivity in dynamic balance, seek to perfect yourself and your
performance while not being hung up about your imperfections, and
recognize that a...