Xem 1-20 trên 21 kết quả The term landscape
  • This publication represents research and analysis compiled, edited, and written by the author. In that effort, the following information may be helpful to the user for better understanding of this dictionary.

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  • When asked where landscape architects work, many people might point out their back door to the garden. It would be more accurate, however, to look out the front door. The landscape is anywhere and everywhere outdoors, and landscape architects are shaping the face of the Earth across cities, towns and countryside alike. Landscape architecture involves shaping and managing the physical world and the natural systems that we inhabit. Landscape architects do design gardens, but what is critical is that the garden, or any other outdoor space, is seen in context.

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  • In response to a growing need to bridge aspects of geography and ecology, Troll (1950, 1968) coined the term “landscape ecology,” which was adopted as a new scientific discipline. According to Troll (1968), the landscape can be studied in terms of its morphology, classification, and changes in time (history), as well as the functional relationships between its components, which he called landscape ecology. Troll also considered that problems of landscape protection as well as management should be included in geographical analyses of landscapes.

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  • Although most of this book can be seen as an attempt to navigate through a landscape of potential and opportunity for a future World Wide Web, it is prudent, as in any navigational exercise, to start by determining one’s present location. To this end, the first chapter is a descriptive walkabout in the current technology of the Web – its concepts and protocols. It sets out first principles relevant to the following exploration, and it explains the terms encountered.

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  • This book is an explanation and analysis of micro cap stocks. These very small companies have endured a checkered history. In general terms, micro caps are large in absolute numbers but historically have been a small and misunderstood sector of the investment landscape. In this world of efficient markets and index funds, this perception has started to change. Many micro cap com- panies are well-managed, high-quality businesses that present an excellent investment opportunity.

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  • Urban Ecology is the study of ecosystems that include humans living in cities and urbanizing landscapes. It is an emerging, interdisciplinary field that aims to understand how human and ecological processes can coexist in human-dominated systems and help societies with their efforts to become more sustainable. It has deep roots in many disciplines including sociology, geography, urban planning, landscape architecture, engineering, economics, anthropology, climatology, public health, and ecology.

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  • .Representing Landscape Architecture It has been said that we can realize only what we can imagine; but to realize what we imagine, we must convey those ideas to others as well as present them to ourselves. We use images, models, and words—alone or in combination—to conceive, study, test, construct, and evaluate new landscapes or modify old ones. Given the transient nature of most landscapes—always growing, always changing— landscape representation presents a special challenge. It is by no means neutral in a political sense or even in terms of design evaluation.

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  • Replacing agricultural land for energy crop plantations, as the former lack proper structure (becauseoffollowingmonoagriculturalpattern)cannotbejustifiedbyanypossibleterms.The biodiversitythatenergycropssupportcanhaveapositiveimpactononetypeofspecieswhere acompletelyharmfulimpactonanother. Plantingnonindigenouscrops for thesake for increasingproductionandprofitmayharm the localbiodiversityevenfurther.Oftennonindigenouscropsdestroythenatural landscapeand may lead to fragmentationof theecologicaldiversity.

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  • Chapter 50 introduction to ecology and the biosphere. In this chapter, you should be able to: Distinguish among the following types of ecology: organismal, population, community, ecosystem, and landscape; explain how dispersal may contribute to a species’ distribution; distinguish between the following pairs of terms: biotic and abiotic factors, macroclimate and microclimate patterns;...

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  • This book presents innovative proven methods for determining whether a CRM strategy for changing the way a company provides service (by adding new technology, processes, and procedures) will realize the return on the investment projected. The chapters of the book define important terms, identify the main vendors and actors, and set out the benefits CRM users can expect to experience and the functionality that is available.

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  • SOA is an industry term which is often preached like a religion rather than taught like a technology, and over time, grasping the concept has become unnecessarily difficult. Many companies proclaim that they don’t know where to begin with SOA, while others have begun their SOA effort but haven’t reaped the benefits they were convinced it would bring. “SOA Made Simple” unveils the true meaning of Service Oriented Architecture and how to make it successful so that you can confidently explain SOA to anyone!...

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  • Transitioning to a low carbon and climate resilient economy, and more broadly „greening growth‟ will require shifting significant amounts of capital from fossil fuels and resource-intensive and polluting technologies to newer, clean technology and infrastructure. The appropriate investment landscape will also need to be supported by policy to drive additional capital towards „greening‟ or accelerated phase-out of long-lived black assets such as coal-fired power plants, refineries, buildings and energy infrastructure.

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  • In this paper, a method to reproduce realistic driving feeling and improve the returnability of steer-by-wire systems (SBW) is proposed by measuring the roadwheel motor's current directly. The key contribution presented here is a novel method to recreate the driving feeling in term of force feedback with simpie and cheap current sensors. A current sensor is used to fully measure the steering torque on the rack of steering mechanism. This measured steering torque therefore, includes the overall effects of road conditions, aligning moments, tire properties and so on.

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  • The methodologies used to collect the data for these assessments ranged from document review and interviews with key stakeholders at the national level, to surveys at the facility and provider level. The countries for which national reports were available include five high burden countries: Bangladesh, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania. Standard treatment guidelines were reviewed for Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.

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  • Volcanic eruptions are awesome and destructive; however, this natural phenomenon is beneficial in the long term. One of the earliest known written records of a natural disaster concerned the eruption of Pompeii in A.D. 79, and was recorded by Pliny the Younger in his letters to the historian Tacitus (Jashemski, 1979). Volcanic eruptions, ranging in intensity and numbering between 17 and 27 per year during the past decade (Bullard, 1984), continue to remind us of their potential impacts on the environment.

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  • Soil erosion is a hazard traditionally associated with agriculture in tropical and semi-arid areas and is important for its long-term effects on soil productivity and sustainable agriculture. It is, however, a problem of wider significance occurring additionally on land devoted to forestry, transport and recreation. Erosion also leads to environmental damage through sedimentation, pollution and increased flooding. The costs associated with the movement and deposition of sediment in the landscape frequently outweigh those arising from the long-term loss of soil in eroding fields.

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  • New Zealand, with its natural beauty and modern cities, is a particularly pleasant country for tourists. Most of the more than four million citizens reside on the northern island where the largest city, Auckland, and the capital, Wellington, are situated. Both cities offer the tourist an abundance of sights, not least the beautiful surrounding landscape, which almost makes people refer to New Zealand as its own mini-continent in terms of its nature.

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  • Multidisciplinary landscape assessment, or MLA, is a set of methods developed by CIFOR scientists to determine ‘what is important to local communities, in terms of landscape, environmental services, and resources’. The approach is rooted in social (anthropology, ethnobotany and socio-economics) as well as natural sciences (botany, ecology, geography and pedology); was tested and used in different countries (Bolivia, Cameroon, Gabon, Indonesia, Mozambique and Philippines). The methods are fully detailed in four languages: English, French, Indonesia and Spanish (Sheil et al.

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  • The second part of the book is focused on developments in the global insurance market. It essentially considers global market trends in the insurance sector in terms of the challenges posed by market trends, regulatory convergence and changes in the technological and corporate landscape. It benefits from submissions made by John Cooke, Chairman of the Financial Leaders Working Group, Chris Gentle Global Director (Research), Financial Services, Deloitte & Touche, Patrizia Baur of Swiss Re and J.F. Outreville of UNCTAD.

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  • In order to permanently preserve the quality of habitat for bird species resident to the Weidmoos, it was essential to alter the post-extraction state of the site, so that an open landscape with numerous bodies of water and moist areas would remain. The most important measure to ensure the long-term conservation of the Weidmoos as an open landscape – and therefore as a valuable bird habitat – is the so-called “re-waterlogging” of the site.

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