Auditing is a formal process for examining key issues with a view to establishing
accountabilities and securing an improved position. The pressures on all types of organizations mean that there has never been a greater need for effective
auditing. The requirement to perform, behave well and account properly for
corporate resources has meant that things cannot simply be left to chance.
“The problems that face our world are so complex and difficult that we
will need all the talent available to solve them.” We wrote those words in
the preface of our first book, A Woman’s Place is in the Boardroom, in
2005, and reiterated them in the second, A Woman’s Place is in the Boardroom:
Cities are engines of growth and they will be
critical to our economic recovery. The Coalition
Government is taking tough and decisive action to
equip Britain for long-term success by restoring
health to the public inances and conidence in
the economy through a balanced approach led
by private sector growth. But this growth will not
occur in the abstract. It will be created in individual
places where people and businesses work, trade
Despite the long-established recommendations and public health messages, the population is still
failing to achieve a healthy balanced diet. To date public health messages for dietary intakes have
focused on the impact on health outcomes and have not addressed any of the wider issues relating to
sustainability. It is recognised that this could be complex, but it is important to add some of the wider
issues of sustainability into current dietary advice if a single, consistent message about the diet is to be
given to the public, government and industry.
The literature addressing the topics of decision making and the use of information is multi-
disciplinary and spans topics such as management, social science, information technology,
and human neurology and psychology. Many more subjects are almost certainly related.
Consequently the literature is not cohesive, and each of the subject areas takes its own
Territorial autonomy is an important constitutional phenomenon, but because the
sub-state entities that can be identified as territorial autonomies are relatively small,
the phenomenon is often overlooked in systematic presentations of constitutional
law. This is not to say that treatises of national constitutional law would completely
lack information about territorial autonomies, but the internal functioning of substate
entities, in particular, is not known to a wider audience.
The local media action plan set out the Government‘s thinking earlier this year
on how it could enable a new market of local TV services. The action plan was
largely a consultative exercise that considered the principles of local TV. It
discussed the options the Government could take to incentivise the market, such
as changing the wider regulatory structures or other steps to help create a new
framework for local TV.
The Swedish government is undertaking efforts to reorient Swedish Defence Forces from homeland defence to a wider suite of missions, including operations far from Sweden-a significant change in the way Sweden is willing to employ its armed forces. Such missions include expeditionary operations with coalition partners.
While the term chemical substance is a precise technical term that is synonymous with "chemical" for professional chemists, the meaning of the word chemical varies for non-chemists within the English speaking world or those using English. For industries, government and society in general in some countries, the word chemical includes a wider class of substances that contain many mixtures of such chemical substances, often finding application in many vocations.
The Single Market needs to continue to adapt to reach the potential for businesses and
consumers in a borderless Europe. Technological change offers huge possibilities, but it needs
to be accompanied by new approaches in areas like procurement, standards, and intellectual
property. The EU needs a long-term framework for energy and climate policies so that
investment and policy target competitiveness and tackle climate change.
A groundbreaking study of urban sprawl in Calgary, "Expansive Discourses" looks at the city’s development after the Second World War. The interactions of land developers and the local government influenced how the pattern grew: developers met market demands and optimized profits by building houses as efficiently as possible, while the city had to consider wider planning constraints and infrastructure costs.In "Expansive Discourses", Foran examines the complexity of their debates from a historical perspective, why each party acted as it did, and where each can be criticized....
A variety of evidence supports the role of design in enhancing firm
performance. New research undertaken for this study also shows that firms with
higher design intensity have a greater probability of carrying out product
innovation and that design expenditure has a positive association with firm
productivity growth. Nonetheless, the multifaceted nature of design makes it
difficult to isolate from more traditional factors affecting performance, such as
market conditions or investment. Research is also hampered by the lack of
commonly agreed statistical measures.
Alberta’s energy industry has been using the technology
for more than 20 years as a method of producing oil from
depleted fields. That means Alberta has the current
technology and experience needed for wider-scale
implementation. We also know CCS has the potential to
significantly reduce Alberta’s industrial GHGs—particularly
in the oil sands.
Research shows the province’s geology is well-suited for
However, indirect effects on the emerging economy could be even more signifi-
cant. In the case of Serbia, government bonds were a great chance to introduce rules
of financial markets to the wider public, and an opportunity for common citizens to
realize the possibility of gaining profits through securities trading. Throughout our
work, we shall explain the conditions under which government bonds were intro-
duced to the Serbian financial market, as well as the missed opportunities and prob-
lems of bond trading, both on the stock exchange and over-the-counter-market
This approach offers a vision of school education within which health education
seems to fit very well. The vision goes far beyond preparing young people to be
economically productive or simply seeing education as some form of specialized
training to meet government priorities. In many countries people recognize that
the wider ethos and social climate of the school is important as a context for learn-
ing in the classroom. This is compatible with a broad view of health and provides
opportunities to explore its social and mental health dimensions.
The number of government websites has grown rapidly, driven by a Prime Ministerial
target set in 1997 to provide access to all relevant services in electronic form by 2005, and
the trend in the wider economy to provide services and information over the internet.
There has been over ten years of uncoordinated growth in websites and the Government
does not know how many government websites exist. The National Audit Office estimates
there may be as many as 2,500 sites.4 The number of websites in existence has contributed
to making information and services hard for users to find....
Technological change is today central to the theory of economic growth (Teixeira and
Fortuna, 2010). It is recognized as an important driver of productivity growth and the
emergence of new products from which consumers derive welfare (Verspagen, 2010).
Audit Committees are no more than a part of those defences. But we believe that
they are a most important part and that there could be considerable benefits if
their role were clarified and enhanced. This would be beneficial not only in
increasing the level of assurance against catastrophic failure and gross
malfeasance; it would also offer improvements on a wider front, raising the
overall standard of corporate governance for all companies that implement our
This paper explores the emergence, consolidation and challenges to India’s small car path in
the passenger car industry. The paper shows that this path can only be properly understood
if we consider the interplay of a wider range of context conditions, including political, social,
economic and infrastructural conditions. The paper shows that while the state has played a
pivotal role in creating the path, it was the socio-economic conditions that channelled the
Internationally, it describes how we must work more intensively with the European
Union and through our bilateral relationships with countries all around the world to
shape an international environment that supports openness. It sets out how
Governments can collaborate to manage new global challenges such as climate
change, food security, natural resource pressures and the impact of new technologies.