Xem 1-20 trên 288 kết quả Their characterization
  • The importance of particle characterization in both the research and development, and the manufacture and quality control of materials and products that we use in our everyday lives is, in some sense, invisible to those of us not directly involved with these activities. Few of us know how particle size, shape, or surface characteristics can influence, for example, the efficacy of a painreliever, or the efficiency of a catalytic converter, or the resolution of a printer.

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  • Clay and clay minerals represent the youngest minerals in the Earth’s crust. Clays are irregularly distributed in lithosphere, as their concentration increases due to the weathering, hydrothermal changes, including anthropogenic influences. Clay minerals occur in all types of sediments and sedimentary rocks and are common in hydrothermal deposits. The interdisciplinary character of clay science follows from the information obtained from the methodology and theory of other natural and technical sciences....

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  • The current book contains twenty-two chapters and is divided into three sections. Section I consists of nine chapters which discuss synthesis through innovative as well as modified conventional techniques of certain advanced ceramics (e.g. target materials, high strength porous ceramics, optical and thermo-luminescent ceramics, ceramic powders and fibers) and their characterization using a combination of well known and advanced techniques.

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  • This positive sentiment extended to non-euro area banks, with UK banks experiencing positive inflows of €13.3 billion compared to inflows of €9 billion for euro area banks. The higher figure for the UK may be partially accounted for by rebalancing from sovereign to corporate bonds as UK government bonds experienced an outflow of €3.7 billion, to close at €50.1 billion, alongside upward revaluations of €0.7 billion. UK banks’ participation in ECB operations, through their subsidiaries and branches, is also likely to have contributed to investor confidence. ...

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  • The invention of scanning tunneling microscope (STM) by Binnig and his colleagues in 1982 opened up the possibility of imaging material surfaces with spatial resolution much superior to the conventional microscopy techniques. The STM is the first instrument capable of directly obtaining three-dimensional images of solid surfaces with atomic resolution. Even though STM is capable of achieving atomic resolution, it can only be used on electrical conductors. This limitation has led to the invention of atomic force microscope (AFM) by Binnig and his co-workers in 1986.

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  • This study characterized the human apolipoprotein H [APOH; b2-glycopro-tein I (b2GPI)] promoter and its variants byin vitro functional experiments and investigated their relationship with human plasmab2GPI levels. We examined the individual effects of 12 APOHpromoter single nucleotide polymorphisms in the 5¢ flanking region ofAPOH(1.4 kb) on luciferase activity in COS-1 cells and HepG2 cells and their impact on plasma...

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  • This opinion paper discusses subjective natural language problems in terms of their motivations, applications, characterizations, and implications. It argues that such problems deserve increased attention because of their potential to challenge the status of theoretical understanding, problem-solving methods, and evaluation techniques in computational linguistics. The author supports a more holistic approach to such problems; a view that extends beyond opinion mining or sentiment analysis.

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  • We consider the structural descriptions produced by various grammatical formalisms in ~ of the complexity of the paths and the relationship between paths in the sets of structural descriptions that each system can generate. In considering the relationship between formalisms, we show that it is useful to abstract away from the details of the formalism, and examine the nature of their derivation process as reflected by properties of their deriva:ion trees.

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  • Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two main periodontal diseases and may be present concurrently. Gingivitis is a form of periodontal disease in which gingival tissues are inflamed but their destruction is mild and reversible while periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory response to the subgingival bacteria with irreversible changes (Armitage, 1999). Periodontium destruction is characterized by loss of connective tissue attachment and bone around the teeth in conjunction with the formation of periodontal pockets due to apical migration of the junctional epithelium (Champagne et al.

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  • Permanganate may be applied to sites as either potassium permanganate (KMnO4) or sodium permanganate (NaMnO4). Where cost dominates over engineering factors at a site, potassium permanganate is the preferred chemical form because it is more widely available, less costly, and is available in solid form, which facilitates transport and handling. Where other factors are more important, the liquid form of sodium permangante is preferable.

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  • are not limited to: the wide range of oxidation and reduction reactions possible, the possibility of reaching very high levels of product purity and selectivity, and significantly less energy requirement. The process of electropolymerization leads to simple and reproducible formations of polymer films, which led to a broad material diversity of applications. Nowadays, electrochemistry plays an important role in a wide number of fundamental research and applied areas.

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  • This book presents a comprehensive account of recent advances and researches in fiber optic sensor technology. It consists of 21 chapters encompassing the recent progress in the subject, basic principles of various sensor types, their applications in structural health monitoring and the measurement of various physical, chemical and biological parameters.

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  • An Introduction to the Study of Mineralogy is a collection of papers that can be easily understood by a wide variety of readers, whether they wish to use it in their work, or simply to extend their knowledge. It is unique in that it presents a broad view of the mineralogy field. The book is intended for chemists, physicists, engineers, and the students of geology, geophysics, and soil science, but it will also be invaluable to the more advanced students of mineralogy who are looking for a concise revision guide....

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  • This is the first volume of Advances in Nanoporous Materials, a new book series devoted to the science and application of all kinds of nanoporous solids. Its intention is to publish comprehensive reviews of lasting value in the field of nanoporous materials written by renowned experts. Its scope covers all aspects of nanoporous solids, including their preparation and structure, their post-synthetic modification, methods for their characterization as well as their application in catalysis and adsorption/separation....

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  • Numerous authors proposed chapters on their work, and those presented here are the fruit of those proposals. As editor of this book, it has been my pleasure to collaborate with these many, fine contributing scientists. This text brings forth a great amount of fresh information on the biogeography and ecology of poorly known taxa and landscapes, and explores biogeographic processes not previously studied. The assembled work is an anthology of issues in modern biogeography, with topics ranging across regional to global spatial scales, and ecological to evolutionary temporal scales.

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  • The Environmental, Health, and Safety (EHS) Guidelines are technical reference documents with general and industry- specific examples of Good International Industry Practice (GIIP) 1. When one or more members of the World Bank Group are involved in a project, these EHS Guidelines are applied as required by their respective policies and standards. These industry sector EHS guidelines are designed to be used together with the General EHS Guidelines document, which provides guidance to users on common EHS issues potentially applicable to all industry sectors.

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  • The balance sheets of life and non-life insurance companies reflect the importance of technical (insurance underwriting) risks for insurance firms. Life insurance companies typically have the greater part of their liabilities taken up by technical provisions, in some jurisdictions more than 80 percent. This reflects the amount that the firm is setting aside to pay potential claims on the policies that it has written. Correspondingly, more than 90 percent of the assets of life insurance companies comprise the investment portfolio held to support these liabilities.

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  • Rickettsioses have been a threat all along the History and nowadays they are an important cause of morbi-mortality in some areas of the world. To know the distribution of the different diseases caused by these bacteria and how the clinical pictures are recognized may be essential for a quick diagnoses and starting the correct treatment. Some of these infections can be also easily prevented with basic rules. Main rickettsioses with their distribution area are showed in the table 1.

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  • The past three decades have witnessed a steadily increasing awareness of the need to empower women through measures to increase social, economic and political equity, and broader access to fundamental human rights, improvements in nutrition, basic health and education. Along with awareness of the subordinate status of women has come the concept of gender as an overarching socio-cultural variable, seen in relation to other factors, such as race, class, age and ethnicity.

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  • Edible oils are mainly vegetable oils which have been subjected to several processes to removed undesirable constituents. In order to make them suitable for human consumption, most edible oils are subjected to refining processes, such as neutralization, bleaching and deodorization. Among edible oils, only virgin olive oil (a natural juice obtained by olive pressing), can be consumed without refining. Edible oils are characterized by a wide range of physical and chemical prop-erties, since their composition depend on the type of oil (Rossell1991).

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