Putting the quantum into magnetism might, at first sight, seem like stating
the obvious; the exchange interactions leading to collective magnetic behavior
are, after all, a pure quantum effect. Yet, for many phenomena in magnetism
this underlying quantum nature may be safely ignored at least on the qualitative
level. The investigation of magnetic systems where quantum effects
play a dominant role and have to be accounted for in detail has, over the
last decades, evolved to be a field of very active research....
The second edition of "Model Predictive Control" provides a thorough introduction to theoretical and practical aspects of the most commonly used MPC strategies. It bridges the gap between the powerful but often abstract techniques of control researchers and the more empirical approach of practitioners. The book demonstrates that a powerful technique does not always require complex control algorithms. Many new exercises and examples have also been added throughout.
Written by two foremost researchers in the field, this book studies the local times of Markov processes by employing isomorphism theorems that relate them to certain associated Gaussian processes. It builds to this material through self-contained but harmonized 'mini-courses' on the relevant ingredients, which assume only knowledge of measure-theoretic probability. The streamlined selection of topics creates an easy entrance for students and for experts in related fields.
This introductory textbook explores the role of research in health care and focuses in particular on the importance of organizing and describing research data using basic statistics. The goal of the text is to teach students how to analyze data and present the results of evidence-based data analysis. Based on the commonly-used SPSS software, a comprehensive range of statistical techniques—both parametric and non-parametric—are presented and explained.
The initial survey showed a high level of spatial heterogeneity in the location of industries in Jepara.
For subsequent sampling and more detailed analysis of a subset of these enterprises, the area was
divided into squares, each of which would be independently surveyed. The theoretical optimal size
of the squares was calculated using the standard interpolation method, with weighted distances.
Details are given in Annex 1 and the resulting grid is illustrated in Figure 2.
The spatial heterogeneity is so extreme that 80% of the workshops are located in only 17% of the
Linear algebra is the language of chemometrics. One cannot expect to truly understand most
chemometric techniques without a basic understanding of linear algebra. This article
reviews the basics of linear algebra and provides the reader with the foundation required for
understanding most chemometrics literature. It is presented in a rather dense fashion: no
proofs are given and there is little discussion of the theoretical implications of the theorems
and results presented.
In the last decade the progress of molecular biology has made a strong
influence on the theoretical framework of population genetics and evolution.
Introduction of molecular techniques in this area has resulted in many new
discoveries. As a result, a new interdisciplinary science, which may be called
'Molecular Population Genetics and Evolution', has emerged. In this book
I have attempted to discuss the development and outline of this science.
In recent years a large number of papers have been published on this
In this book, new results or developments from different research backgrounds and application fields are put together to provide a wide and useful viewpoint on these headed research problems mentioned above, focused on the motion planning problem of mobile ro-bots.
We studied theoretically and experimentally the transformation, attenuation, and setup due to shoaling and breaking of internal waves in a two-layer fluid system on a uniform slope. An image processing technique was used to illustrate 2D instantaneous displacements of density interface. These results were compared with the calculated values by using the method of characteristics, the simple shoaling model with energy dissipation, and the momentum balance equation based on a radiation stress concept.
High data rate wireless communications links with transmission
rates nearing 1 Gigabit/second (will quantify a “bit” shortly)
Provide high speed links that still offer good Quality of Service
(QoS) (will be quantified mathematically). Theoretically, the 1Gbps barrier can be achieved using this
configuration if you are allowed to use much power and as
much BW as you so please!
Extensive research has been done on SISO under power and
BW constraints. A combination a smart modulation, coding and
multiplexing techniques have yielded good results but far from
the 1Gbps barrier...
The PageRank algorithm, used in the Google search engine, greatly improves the
results of Web search by applying probabilistic model on the link structure of Webs to evaluate the “importance” of Webs. In PageRank probabilistic model, the links and webs are uniform, so the rank score of webs are quite independent from their content. In practice, the researchers often hope that the web results can be ranked by their proposed topics. Moreover, when computer’s techniques solve given problems ineffectively, it’s necessary to do better research in theoretical problems. ...
Centerless grinding operations present some characteristic features that make the process especially susceptible to regenerative chatter instabilities. Theoretical study of these vibrations present some difficulties due to the large amount of parameters involved in the process and, in addition, such a study requires a precise determination of dynamic properties of the particular machine under study.
Current alternatives for language modeling are statistical techniques based on large amounts of training data, and hand-crafted context-free or ﬁnite-state grammars that are difﬁcult to build and maintain. One way to address the problems of the grammar-based approach is to compile recognition grammars from grammars written in a more expressive formalism. While theoretically straight-forward, the compilation process can exceed memory and time bounds, and might not always result in accurate and efﬁcient speech recognition.