Theory of disease--

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  • The sacred formulas here given are selected from a collection of about six hundred, obtained on the Cherokee reservation in North Carolina in 1887 and 1888, and covering every subject pertaining to the daily life and thought of the Indian, including medicine, love, hunting, fishing, war, self-protection, destruction of enemies, witchcraft, the crops, the council, the ball play, etc., and, in fact, embodying almost the whole of the ancient

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  • In defining a new paradigm it is difficult to know where to begin. How do you take fifteen years of medical practice in pathology and ten years of clinical observation utilizing the theories of traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, homeopathy, and therapeutic nutrition and meld them into a model of biological understanding and medical practice? The answer is actually quite simple — start from the beginning and build a convincing model based upon sound physics, physiology, pathology, and clinical medicine and see if the model fits the expected outcome.

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  • In this paper we critically evaluate the standard-setting inferences that can be drawn from value relevance research studies that are motivated by standard setting. Our evaluation concentrates on the theories of accounting, standard setting and valuation that underlie those inferences. Unless those underlying theories are descriptive of accounting, standard setting and valuation, the value-relevance literature’s reported associations between accounting numbers and common equity valuations have limited implications or inferences for standard setting; they are mere associations.

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  • Presumably, the amount of observable discrimination against minorities in wages and employment depends not only on tastes for discrimination, but also on other variables, such as the degree of competition and civil rights legislation. However, aside from the important theory of compensating differentials originated by Adam Smith, and a few major studies like Myr- dal’s American Dilemma [1944], there was little else available in the 1950s to build on to analyze how prejudice and other variables interact. ...

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  • Among the many catalogs of museum collections, few describe objects related to the practice of medicine. This catalog is the first of a series on the medical sciences collections in the National Museum of History and Technology (NMHT). Bloodletting objects vary from ancient sharp-edged instruments to the spring action and automatic devices of the last few centuries. These instruments were used in a variety of treatments supporting many theories of disease and therefore reflect many varied aspects of the history of medicine.

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  • As the study of natural catastrophe models plays an important role in the preven- tion and mitigation of disasters, the main motivation of this paper is the analysis of pricing CAT bonds. In particular, we examine the calibration of a parametric CAT bond for earthquakes that was sponsored by the Mexican government and issued by the special purpose CAT-MEX Ltd in May 2006.

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  • The theoretical manner in which periodontal disease progresses has long been a subject of debate. It is currently agreed that destructive periodontal disease progresses by means of asynchronous bursts of activity (Haffajee and Socransky 1986). According to this theory, periodontal tissue support is lost during short, acute episodes followed by prolonged periods of quiescence (Reddy, Palcanis, and Geurs 1997).

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  • In modern agriculture, farmers continuously face a battle to achieve products in high yields and better quality to feed an ever increasing world population (Stetter & Lieb, 2000). The optimization of agriculture techniques demands, along with other requirements, the application of crop protection agents to control a variety of diseases and pests, among which are weeds. Weeds compete with crops for nutrients, water, and physical space, may harbor insect and disease pests, and are thus capable of greatly undermining both crop quality and yield.

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  • Globalization is perhaps only another name to replace the lacking one for what is happening to (with) us humans in the name of techno-bureaucratic, commercial, violent, amusing, consumerist process of creating a so-called global society of knowledge and skills. "Globalization offers both a theory of everything and an explanation of nothing" - suggests J. Annesley in Fictions of Globalization (2006). However, daily deaths of children as a result of hunger, disease and malnutrition on a massive scale in Africa, and elsewhere, is not fiction....

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  • The Penguin Dictionary of Biology defines some 6,000 terms relating to this rich, complex, and constantly expanding subject?from amino acids, bacteria, and the cell cycle to X-ray diffraction, Ychromosomes, and zygotes. Long established as the definitive single-volume source, the dictionary has now been extensively updated for its eleventh edition.

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  • This volume of Advances in Neurobiology deals with the neurochemistry of disease. Included are chapters on both human diseases and animal “model” diseases. Sources of human tissue. The three main sources of human neural tissues for chemical studies have been: Brain obtained at autopsy Brain obtained at biopsy or incidental to neurosurgery Nonneural tissues containing molecules identical to those in clinically affected brain or nerve In theory, peripheral nerve is more available than brain, but chemical analyses of peripheral nerves are relatively limited....

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  • Adaptive filtering can be used to characterize unknown systems in time-variant environments. The main objective of this approach is to meet a difficult comprise: maximum convergence speed with maximum accuracy. Each application requires a certain approach which determines the filter structure, the cost function to minimize the estimation error, the adaptive algorithm, and other parameters; and each selection involves certain cost in computational terms, that in any case should consume less time than the time required by the application working in real-time....

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  • Recent imperfect capital market theories (e.g., Bernanke and Gertler (1989), Gertler and Gilchrist (1994), Kiyotaki and Moore (1997)) predict that changing credit market conditions can have very di®erent e®ects on small and large ¯rms' risk. Agency costs induced by asymmetry in the infor- mation held by ¯rms and their creditors make it necessary for ¯rms to use collateral when borrowing in the credit markets. Small ¯rms, it is argued, typically do not have nearly as much collateral as large ¯rms and will not have the same ability to raise external funds.

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  • In 1856, Rudolf Virchow published “Cellular pathology” based on macroscopic and microscopic observation of diseases, and described a triad of factors on thrombosis. The three components were vascular change, blood flow alteration, and abnormalities of blood constituents. Although Virchow originally referred to venous thrombosis, the theory can also be applied to arterial thrombosis, and it is considered that atherothrombus formation is regulated by the thrombogenicity of exposed plaque contents, local hemorheology, and blood factors.

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  • To represent the specific behaviors of this reflection, a schematic model was sought that simultaneously covered health promotion and the Health Policy for the Elderly, with a view to adopting actions for greater awareness, resulting in attitudes of empowerment and suggestions for gerontogeriatric nursing actions. Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model(10) was used. Through a chart, it manages to represent the behaviors that can lead to health promotion. Nola Pender’s Model was developed in the United States in the 1980s, but was little explored in Brazil.

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  • An option of longstanding interest is prevention—interventions that prevent or delay the occurrence of the very diseases that drive these costs. There are three kinds of prevention. Primary prevention can be accomplished by modifying unhealthy behaviors (e.g., smoking, physical inactivity), which cause many diseases and account for 38% of all deaths in the United States, 6 administering immunizations to prevent infectious diseases, and reducing exposure to harmful environmental factors.

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  • Jillian J Francis*1, Martin P Eccles2, Marie Johnston3, Paula Whitty2, Jeremy M Grimshaw4, Eileen FS Kaner5, Liz Smith6 and Anne Walker1 Address: 1Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK, 2Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 3College of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK, 4Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Health Research Institute and Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 5Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK and 6Manchest...

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  • Most traditional pharmaceutical drugs are relatively small molecules that bind to particular molecular targets and either activate or deactivate biological processes. Small molecules are typically manufactured through traditional organic synthesis, and many can be taken orally.[citation needed] In contrast, Biopharmaceuticals are large biological molecules such as proteins that are developed to address targets that cannot easily be addressed by small molecules.

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  • This book contains a wealth of useful information on current research on viscoelasticity. By covering a broad variety of rheology, non-Newtonian fluid mechanics and viscoelasticity-related topics, this book is addressed to a wide spectrum of academic and applied researchers and scientists but it could also prove useful to industry specialists. The subject areas include, theory, simulations, biological materials and food products among others.

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  • The main purpose of this report is to present the diversity and wealth of experience that savings banks have developed throughout Europe in the field of socially respon- sible activities. It illustrates this joint commitment with concrete case studies from a range of European countries, offering an overview of the fields in which savings banks are active, and providing examples of what they concretely do, how they inno- vate to adhere to stakeholders’ needs and diversify their initiatives.

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