The germ of this book was planted more than two decades
ago in my
efforts to explain economic theory to myself. But why write a book, for
myself or anyone else, trying to explain economic theory rather than
proposing a concrete solution to one of the world’s many urgent problems,
such as how to alleviate income inequality or do something
global warming? Because I had grown tired of listening to heated arguments
that always seemed to disagree for reasons I could never quite
identify. Economics textbooks usually suggested doing nothing.
The overlap between regulations on germ-line genetic
intervention and reproductive cloning is reﬂ ected
in Opinion 54 of The French National Consultative
Ethics Committee in 199717
where it cited Art.16-4 of
the civil code, which prohibits genetic modiﬁ cation of
descendants as an implicit ban on reproductive cloning.
Another example is the Law on Healthcare in Georgia18
which states ‘Human cloning through the use of genetic
engineering methods shall be prohibited’.
Louis Pasteur (1822–1985) was an amazing, persevering, perceptive and determined
scientist who today is widely regarded as the father of the “Germ Theory”
and bacteriology. He is revered for possessing the most important qualities of a
scientist: he had an unrivalled ability to scrutinise data on almost any subject and
then to develop profound and often fundamental questions from them. He had an
uncanny ability to identify the solutions to problems based on analytical scrutiny of
data – even without any of the sophisticated statistical tools we have today.