Xem 1-17 trên 17 kết quả Therapies in neurology
  • Drawing upon the knowledge of expert contributors, this book provides an introduction to what CAM therapies are and how a neurologist may use them. Divided into two sections, it reviews the different kinds of therapies encompassed by the terms "alternative" and "complementary" and gives readers an overview of commonly used therapies that have some scientific basis for their use.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 97. Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndromes Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndromes: Introduction Paraneoplastic neurologic disorders (PNDs) are cancer-related syndromes that can affect any part of the nervous system (Table 97-1). They are remote effects of cancer, caused by mechanisms other than metastasis or by any of the complications of cancer such as coagulopathy, stroke, metabolic and nutritional conditions, infections, and side effects of cancer therapy. In 60% of patients the neurologic symptoms precede the cancer diagnosis.

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  • Inflammation can also be found in the intervertebral disks resulting in discitis and spondylitis, which can be seen as narrowing of the intervertebral space and destruction of the adjacent cover plates. Seldom synovitis and osteitis can be found in the atlantoaxial area leading to erosions and destruction of the lateral atlantoaxial joint. At the worst the joint is destabilized, this may cause cord compression and neurological loss of function.

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  • Apoptosis in the developing nervous system results in naturally occurring cell death (NOCD), a necessary and desirable process. NOCD effectively eliminates neurons that have made faulty synapses or have not reached appropriate targets. 1 In the rest of the organism, apoptosis is essential for organogenesis, sculpts digits and extremities, and plays a role in determining polarity of structures by contributing to directional growth of cell populations. 2 Failure of carefully orchestrated and effective apoptosis in the developing fetus can have serious and long-lasting effects in the adult.

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  • Paraneoplastic neurologic disorders (PNDs) are cancer-related syndromes that can affect any part of the nervous system (Table 97-1). They are remote effects of cancer, caused by mechanisms other than metastasis or by any of the complications of cancer such as coagulopathy, stroke, metabolic and nutritional conditions, infections, and side effects of cancer therapy. In 60% of patients the neurologic symptoms precede the cancer diagnosis. Overall, clinically disabling PNDs occur in 0.

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  • James Parkinson described Parkinson’s disease in his memorable Essay on the Shaking Palsy in 1817. Since then, and particularly in recent years, there has been tremendous progress in our understanding of this complex and fascinating neurological disorder. Briefly, we have learned that it is not only manifest by motor symptoms but also that there is a whole range of non-motor features, including autonomic, psychiatric, cognitive and sensory impairments. We now know how to distinguish better clinically between Parkinson’s disease and the various parkinsonian syndromes.

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  • About four out of five people in low- and middle-income countries who need services for mental, neurological and substance use conditions do not receive them. Even when available, the interventions often are neither evidence-based nor of high quality. WHO recently launched the mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) for low- and middle-income countries with the objective of scaling up care for mental, neurological and substance use disorders.

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  • Surgical education is changing. Mandates that foster this change include increasing demands from the public for perfection without practice, decreasing trainee work hours, increasing minimally invasive therapies, and fewer surgical educators. In addition, rising health care costs have caused many experienced surgeons to focus on patient care rather than the mentoring of surgical trainees. A paradigm shift in surgical education is being forced by all these issues.

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  • 1. Furosemide 40 to 240 mg IV over 30 minutes 2. Ethacrynic acid 50 to 100 mg IV over 30 minutes 3. Bumetanide 1 to 8 mg IV over 30 minutes Copyright ©2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Samuels, Martin A. Manual of Neurologic Therapeutics, 7th Edition VITAMIN DEFICIENCY, DEPENDENCY, AND TOXICITY Part of "16 - Toxic and Metabolic Disorders" VITAMIN A BACKGROUND 1. Vitamin A deficiency is an important cause of blindness in large parts of the world but is rare in economically developed countries. 2. Vitamin A intoxication is seen in people who engage in megavitamin therapy.

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  • The veterinary profession has made major diagnostic and therapeutic advances in the treatment of infectious and degenerative diseases. The incidence of chronic disease and cancer, however, has increased at alarming rates and is diagnosed at younger ages, even in puppies and kittens. Perhaps it is this rising incidence of degenerative diseases that has spawned an insatiable search by professionals, scientists, and animal guardians for alternative therapies.

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  • During the last decades, numerous studies about stem cells and regenerative medicine highlighted new therapeutic approaches to treat several neurological disorders. It is noteworthy that the current optimism over potential stem cell therapies is driven by new understandings of stem cell biology leading to specific cell fate decision.

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  • Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) results from a deficiency in the enzyme a-L-iduronidase (IDUA), and is characterized by skeletal abnormalities, hepatosplenomegaly and neurological dysfunction. In this study, we used a late generation lentiviral vector to evaluate the utility of this vector system for the transfer and expression of the human IDUA cDNA in MPS I fibroblasts. We observed that the level of enzyme expression in transduced cells was 1.5-fold the level found in normal cells; the expression persisted for at least two months....

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  • Over the past few decades the field of neurology has seen spectacular developments in diagnostic techniques, most vividly exemplified by modern neuroimaging and molecular genetics. Although not always at the same speed this evolution has gone hand in hand with an enlarging armentarium of effective therapies to treat neurological disease.

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  • PARKSERVICE is a new telemedical application combining home-based support for people with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and a PD-specific walking aid which uses a strategy known as visual cueing. PD is estimated to affect 100-180 per 100,000 of the population (with most surveys favoring the higher estimate) and has an annual incidence of 4-20 per 100,000[1],[2]. Taking a population of approximately 450M citizens this implies 450,000-900,000 people with PD (PWP) in the EU.

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  • Palliation Surgery is employed in a number of ways for supportive care: insertion of central venous catheters, control of pleural and pericardial effusions and ascites, caval interruption for recurrent pulmonary emboli, stabilization of cancerweakened weight-bearing bones, and control of hemorrhage, among others. Surgical bypass of gastrointestinal, urinary tract, or biliary tree obstruction can alleviate symptoms and prolong survival. Surgical procedures may provide relief of otherwise intractable pain or reverse neurologic dysfunction (cord decompression).

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  • This book is written for physical therapists, physical therapy students, and related health professionals. It is a clinical guide for the assessment of patients with neuromuscular disorders. Please use the tables in the INTRO tab to quickly find information on specific diseases/disorders or test and measures. In addition to the content you’ll find here, we have also provided bonus content on the DavisPlus Web site for this book.

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  • Movement disorders represent major causes of neurological disability and eventual mortality affecting millions of people across the globe. From Parkinson’s disease to spasticity, these neurological disorders devastate young and old worldwide. While progress continues to be made toward effective treatment, many limitations remain. The combination of the limitation of medical therapy and surgical technological advances have, however, led to an exponential growth in functional neurosurgery in the last 5 years.

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