Thermal Fluctuation Forces: Forces between Soft, Fluidlike Surfaces Hydration Forces: Special Forces in Water and Aqueous Solutions
Repulsive Hydration Forces • Attractive Hydrophobic Forces • Origin of Hydration Forces
Environmental stress deleteriously affects every aspect of an ectotherm’s
biological function. Frequent exposure of terrestrial insects to temperature
variation has thus led to the evolution of protective biochemical and phy-siological mechanisms. However, the physiological mechanisms underlying
the positive impact of fluctuating thermal regimes (FTRs) on the fitness
and survival of cold-exposed insects have not been studied.
During the last two decades, increase in electricity demand and environmental
concern resulted in fast growth of power production from renewable sources. Wind
power is one of the most efficient alternatives. Due to rapid development of wind
turbine technology and increasing size of wind farms, wind power plays a significant
part in the power production in some countries.