These days, it is impossible to think of an area of knowledge that can keep on
developing without a collaboration in interdisciplinary fields.
Electromotive force is a type of energy per unit of electric charge that is converted
reversibly from chemical, mechanical, or other forms of energy into electrical energy
by a dynamo, battery, electrochemical cells, thermoelectric devices, solar cells,
transformers, and so on.
The theory of electromotive Force is currently one of the most important research
topics within the electrical engineering domain.
In 1821, Mr. Seebeck thermoelectric phenomenon when connecting copper wire and iron together. A joint dipped in ice water, the remaining joints dipped in boiling water. The temperature difference between the two splice shift of electrons to generate electricity.
The proliferation of low-power and ultralow-power electronics has enabled a rapid
growth of autonomous devices that ranges from consumer electronics and nomad
devices to autonomous sensors and sensor networks used in industrial and military
environments. Hence, a wide range of application domains has been impacted by such
technologies (aeronautic, civil engineering,biomedical engineering, home automation,