For tracking the marketing related behaviors
of online communities, “netnography” is a
stand-alone method. It is a way in which to
understand the discourse and interactions of
people engaging in computer-mediated
communication about market-oriented topics.
Thyroid cancers are now being diagnosed at an earlier stage and treatments together with
follow-up strategies are more effective. However this is not consistent throughout the world.
The practice does differ considerably from country to country and region to region. Many
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Members States can benefit from the lessons
learned and improve overall patient management of thyroid cancers.
The IAEA has significantly enhanced the capabilities of many Member States in the field of
Veterinary medicine is advancing at a very rapid pace, particularly given the breadth
of the discipline. This book examines new developments covering a wide range of
issues from health and welfare in livestock, pets, and wild animals to public health
supervision and biomedical research.
As well as containing reviews offering fresh insight into specific issues, this book
includes a selection of scientific articles which help to chart the advance of this science.
The book is divided into several sections.
However, I think that such a dismissal is plain wrong. It is unconceivable that
hundreds of scientists throughout the world have for 30 years all carried out flawed or
even fraudulent research demonstrating that several compounds improve the
resistance of the brain to ischemic damage. Granted, that may have happened
sometimes, but hundreds of laboratories around the world cannot have been run
during 30 years by incompetent or criminal scientists.
It is widely accepted that a modal shift towards railways can contribute to meeting EU
targets on climate protection and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. A stronger role
for rail will help to achieve real progress towards the 2020 target of a 20% cut in the EU’s
greenhouse gas emissions. However, concerted action must be taken by governments
and policy-makers to help bring this about.
The rail sector is doing its part, having already agreed on a voluntary target for 2020, to cut
its 1990 levels of speciﬁ c emissions by 30%.
As said above, ADAS supports the driver performing driving tasks. As a result, the use of these systems may increase
traffic safety, traffic efficiency and improve the sustainability of the vehicle. Another aspect, comfort, can also be
improved by the use of ADAS, however, the focus and goal of ADAS development is usually safety improvement.
The implementation of ADAS (or intelligent transportation systems in general) may lead to a fatality decrease of 40%3
The top layer of skin is the epidermis. The epidermis is thin, averaging only 0.2 millimeters
thick (about 1/100 of an inch). It protects the deeper layers of skin and the organs of the body
from the environment.
Keratinocytes are the main cell type of the epidermis. These cells make an important protein
called keratin that helps the skin protect the rest of the body.
The outermost part of the epidermis is called the stratum corneum. It is composed of dead
keratinocytes that are continually shed as new ones form. The cells in this layer are called
Don’t be surprised if your efforts to make contact and establish relationships are met with
initial skepticism, distrust or even hostility. Many cultural communities have long histories
of discrimination and exploitation by well-meaning outsiders. Many community members have
personally experienced discriminatory treatment. Too often, research or even service organizations
plan things to do to a community, rather than to do with them.
The time you spend developing relationships and gathering information will be invaluable when
it comes to your final step.
Establishing screening programmes without effective follow-up to treat those with
precancerous lesions will result in little or no impact on overall cervical cancer mortality
rates. Therefore, regardless of which strategy is selected for screening programmes, special
attention must be given to strengthening referral systems and having well defined links to
higher levels of health care delivery for tracking women with positive screening results.
The Navigenics services provide insight into patients’ health risks by determining their individual genetic
load for a variety of conditions and medication sensitivities where genetic risk factors are well established.
The conditions included in Navigenics’ analysis are those that are clinically actionable and those that
contribute to the major burden of disease in the United States, such as myocardial infarction, cancer, and
type 2 diabetes.
Remarkable advances in medical diagnostic imaging have been made during the past
few decades. The development of new imaging techniques and continuous
improvements in the display of digital images have opened new horizons in the study
of brain anatomy and pathology. The field of brain imaging has now become a fast-
moving, demanding, and exciting multidisciplinary activity. I hope that this textbook
will be useful to students and clinicians in the field of neuroscience, in understanding
the fundamentals of advances in brain imaging.
In the last part of the 20th century scientists discovered drugs that made the brain
more resistant to ischemia, to such an extent that cerebral tissue treated with them was
only little damaged, or was not damaged at all, by an ischemic insult that badly
damaged control, untreated tissue. It was the beginning of a very exciting era in
neuroscience research, a period when academic and industrial scientists all pursued
the research of a “neuroprotectant” that could defend the ischemic brain from
This working paper focuses on the relevance of social, socioeconomic and behavioural
factors on health status and mortality in a longitudinal setting and in a life-course perspective.
First, we identify those factors which determine the health status of people aged 60+ in
Germany. Based on this, our second aim is to find factors which determine transitions from
good general health status, or from the absence of specific diseases, to a bad general health
status or the presence of specific diseases.
Including urinary issues in the gynecologic evaluation is helpful. Urinary
tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common reasons to seek medical
care and are sometimes triggered by sexual activity. Urinary incontinence is
an increasingly recognized health problem (see Chapter 10).
Finally, because domestic violence is common (2), screening for current or
previous physical, emotional, or sexual abuse is an important part of the pa-
tient’s history and in some states is mandatory.
In a variation to this base case, costs are also calculated where the health effects of
PM10 are estimated without a threshold. This variation provides a sensitivity analysis that
shows how specifying a threshold affects total cost estimates.
As acknowledged by Kunzli et al. (1999), the approach of using one pollutant as an
indicator of the air pollution mix and only estimating the impact of PM10 above a baseline
will probably underestimate the impact of air pollution.
A clustering of the disease among close
relatives has also been shown, although there is no consensus on which inheritable
genetic defects are involved. In spite of extensive research, reliable findings on risk factors
relating to lifestyle, diet or the environment remain elusive. Possible lifestyle risk factors
are high intakes of α-linolenic acid (a polyunsaturated fatty acid in vegetables and dairy
products) and calcium.
Displacing older people as heads of households
and depriving them of their autonomy in the name
of affection are cultural norms even in countries
where the family is the central institution and the
sense of filial obligation is strong (11). Such
infantilization and overprotection can leave the
older person isolated, depressed and demoralized,
and can be considered a form of abuse. In some
traditional societies, older widows are abandoned
and their property seized.
During the course of the update, the authors also reviewed the policy descriptions and criteria used to rate each state’s laws.
Modifications were deemed appropriate in several instances because of either changes in the courts’ interpretation of constitutional
law as it impacts alcohol advertising regulation, or the need to improve accuracy, clarity, and comparability across states.
These revisions are described in Appendix A. Because of these revisions, findings in the...
If from the 1920s to the 1940s, it was individual films, taken more or less out of
context, which typified the German cinema, at least for an international public, the
inverse was the case some thirty years later: at first the Young German Film, then the
New German Cinema made headlines as national film movements, where a generational
or film-political identity imposed themselves more strikingly than individual film titles.
This environment could change if the downward shift of yield curve continues. Anecdotal
evidence suggests that institutional investors are becoming more sensitive to changes in
financial market conditions and therefore are increasingly interested in higher-return
generating assets and more sophisticated styles in fund management. Indeed, the fall in the
short term interest rate since last August appears to have been gradually affecting investors’
behavior. Clients’ requests for daily liquidity have decreased at the margin. ...