Th e ste el industry is one of man y major wo rl d industries exte nsively
restructured in th is era of globalizatio n. The Global Restructuring of the
Steel Indu stry explains how and why th e steel ind ustry has shifted from
advanced ca pita list countries to late ind ustria lizing countries.
Drawing upon case studies of th e steel industr y in th e US, Japan, South
Korea, Brazil and India, Anthony P.D'Costa examines the relationship between
industri al cha nge and institutional responses to techn ological diffusion....
industrialisation strategies adopted and economic policies followed have shown
great differences before and after 1980. An import substitution policy had been
implemented until 1980. However, after 1980, significant progress has been made
towards establishing the principles and fundamentals of a market economy through
the introduction of export-oriented industrialisation.
These reforms made significant contribution to the dynamism of the private sector
and improved the adaptability of Turkish economy to internal and external impacts.
Obwona (2000) estimated a trans log production function to determine technical
efficiency differentials between small- and medium-scale tobacco farmers in Uganda
using a stochastic frontier approach. The estimated efficiencies were explained by
socioeconomic and demographic factors. The results showed that, credit accessibility
extension services and farm assets contribute positively towards the improvement of
As Cigarette Use Declines, Tobacco Industry Follows the
Money to Other Tobacco Products
In August, CDC released results of the 2011 National Youth Tobacco Survey
which found youth cigarette use continues to decline and now stands at 15.8
percent among high school students and 4.3 percent among middle school
students. These reductions can be attributed to implementing the evidence-
based policies proven to reduce tobacco use evaluated in “State of Tobacco