Tối ưu hóa topology

Xem 1-20 trên 21 kết quả Tối ưu hóa topology
  • Ngày nay, Internet đã thực sự phát triển và đi sâu vào đời sống của mỗi con người. Khả năng chia sẻ những tài nguyên lớn một cách nhanh chóng và hiệu quả luôn nhận được quan tâm từ những người nghiên cứu cũng như sử dụng Internet. Với những đặc điểm phù hợp, mạng ngang hàng, đặc biệt là mạng ngang hàng có cấu trúc ngày càng được sử dụng phổ biến cho các ứng dụng nêu trên.

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  • Optimization Issues in Telecommunications The complexity and size of modern telecommunications networks provide us with many challenges and opportunities. In this book, the challenges that we focus on are those which involve optimization. This simply refers to scenarios in which we are aiming to find something approaching the ‘best’ among many possible candidate solutions to a problem. For example, there are an intractably large number of ways to design the topology of a private data network for a large corporation....

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  • The efficient design of telecommunication networks has long been a challenging optimization problem. It is made difficult by the conflicting, interdependent requirements necessary to optimize the network’s performance. The goal of the designer is to produce a minimum cost network that allows maximum flow of information (in the form of messages) between multiple source-sink pairs of nodes that simultaneously use the network. An optimum design method must also produce a network topology that efficiently routes these messages within an acceptable amount of time...

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  • Evolutionary Methods for the Design of Reliable Networks Alice E. Smith and Berna Dengiz Introduction to the Design Problem The problem of how to design a network so that certain constraints are met and one or more objectives are optimized is relevant in many real world applications in telecommunications (Abuali et al., 1994a; Jan et al., 1993; Koh and Lee, 1995; Walters and Smith, 1995), computer networking (Chopra et al., 1984; Pierre et al., 1995), water systems (Savic and Walters, 1995) and oil and gas lines (Goldberg, 1989).

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  • Today an ever increasing number of social and financial services can be provided over data networks. Individuals and businesses alike initiate and complete a large number of commercial transactions over the Internet or other specially constructed networks. Home banking, home shopping, video on demand, buying and selling of stocks and other financial securities can now be undertaken from almost any part of the world where an access to a local network can be achieved.

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  • Digital Data Service (DDS) is widely used for providing private high quality digital transport service in the telecommunications industry. The network connections of DSS are permanent and its transmission facilities are dedicated, enabling it to transfer digital data with less interference and greater security than switched service. DSS also proves to be appropriate for linking sites that have applications which require a permanent connection and a demonstrated need for frequent data transfer.

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  • In line with the rapid growth of telecommunications networks in recent years, there has been a corresponding increase in the level of network complexity. Consequently, it is now generally accepted that advanced computer aided simulation and analysis methods are essential aids to the management of large networks. The 1990s will be recalled as the decade of business process re-engineering

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  • The telecommunications access network is the section of the network that connects the local exchange to the customers. At present most of the access network is composed of low bandwidth copper cable. Electronic communications are becoming an essential feature of life both at home and at work. The increasing use of applications that require larger bandwidths (such as the internet and video on demand) are making the copper infrastructure inadequate. These demands could be met using optical fibre technologies....

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  • A routing algorithm constructs routing tables to forward communication packets based on network status information. Rapid inflation of the Internet increases demand for scalable and adaptive network routing algorithms. Conventional protocols such as the Routing Information Protocol (RIP) (Hedrick, 1988) and the Open Shortest-Path First protocol (OSPF) (Comer, 1995) are not adaptive algorithms; they because they only rely on hop count metrics to calculate shortest paths. In large networks, it is difficult to realize an adaptive algorithm based on conventional approaches. ...

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  • The explosive growth of distributed computing has been fuelled by many factors. Applications such as video conferencing, teleoperation and most notably the World Wide Web are placing ever more demanding requirements on their underlying communication systems. Having never been designed to support such diverse communication patterns these systems are failing to provide appropriate services to individual applications. Artificial neural networks have been used in areas of communication systems including signal processing and call management (Kartalopolus, 1994)....

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  • As Internet connectivity is reaching the global community, information systems are becoming more and more distributed. Inevitably, this overnight exponential growth has also caused traffic overload at various places in the network. Until recently, it was believed that scaling the Internet was simply an issue of adding more resources, i.e. bandwidth and processing power could be brought to where they were needed.

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  • Many of today’s data intensive applications have the common need to access exceedingly large databases in a shared fashion, simultaneously with many other copies of themselves or similar applications. Often these multiple instantiations of the client application are geographically distributed, and therefore access the database over wide area networks. As the size of these ‘industrial strength’ databases continue to rise, particularly in the arena of Internet, Intranet and Multimedia servers, performance problems due to poor scalabilty are commonplace. ...

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  • The software crisis is usually defined in terms of projects running over budget and over schedule, though an equally important aspect is the poor quality of software measured in terms of its correctness, reliability and performance. The consequences of releasing faulty software into service may be devastating in safety-related applications, telecommunications and other areas. When the USA telecommunications system failed and half of the nation was isolated, lives and property were clearly put at risk....

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  • Telecommunications is a vital and growing area, important not only in its own right, but also for the service it provides to other areas of human endeavour. Moreover, there currently seems to be a demand for an ever-expanding set of telecommunication services of ever-increasing bandwidth. One particular technology that has the potential to provide the huge bandwidths necessary if such broadband services are to be widely adopted, is multiwavelength all-optical transport networks (Mukherjee, 1997)....

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  • This chapter describes the joint application of two soft computing methods – evolutionary algorithms and fuzzy reasoning – to the problem of adaptive distributed routing control in packet-switched communication networks. In this problem, a collection of geographically distributed routing nodes are required to adaptively route data packets so as to minimise mean network packet delay. Nodes reach routing decisions locally using state measurements which are delayed and necessarily only available at discrete sampling intervals. ...

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  • All point-to-point communication networks have a means of directing traffic from a source to a destination via intermediate nodes. This routing function must be performed efficiently as it affects all aspects of network communications including jitter, latency and total bandwidth requirement. Other issues related to routing, such as policing and traffic control are not dealt with in this chapter. There are two distinct approaches to ‘routing’ traffic, namely connection-oriented and connectionless. ...

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  • Computer networks are gaining increasing importance as they penetrate business and everyday life. Technological evolution results in increased computational power and transmission capacity. These phenomena open the way to the development and exploitation of new applications (e.g. video conferencing) which require demanding services from the network. As a result, computer networks are in continuous evolution and the protocols regulating their operation must be assessed for their suitability to new technologies and ability to support the new applications. ...

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  • In recent years, flow control and network management in high speed networks have drawn much attention by researchers in the telecommunications field. In large-scale network environments with high complexity, decentralized control and decision making are required. Many research papers concerned with multidisciplinary approaches to modeling, controlling and managing networks from a computational intelligence point of view appear in the key telecommunication journals every year.

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  • In the last two decades, wireless communication systems such as cordless phones, paging systems, wireless data networks, satellite-based and cellular mobile systems have been steadily increasing in both popular importance and technological sophistication. The firstgeneration wireless systems were developed in the late 1970s and 1980s and were based on analog technology (such as the Advance Mobile Phone Service (AMPS) by AT&T and Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) by Ericsson).

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