Xem 1-20 trên 58 kết quả Topology optimisation
  • Eight students in this study achieved an increase in their Overall score from Test 1 to Test 2 of one whole band and a further 14 achieved a half band increase. In other words, just over half of this sample of 40 students were able to achieve a better result in the IELTS Test when taken again after two or three years of higher education in Australia. A total of 12 students achieved the same Overall score in Test 2 as in Test 1, and six students actually regressed, dropping a half band. Of course, this is not to say...

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  • Histological assessment showed that independently of the etiological factor involved, changes of the mucosa refer both to the gingival epithelium and the lamina propria (Banita et al., 2008, 2011). There is now general agreement that all gingival overgrowth lesions contain fibrotic or expanded connective tissue with various levels of inflammation and an enlarged gingival epithelium. As soon as plaque accumulates adjacent to the gingival margin, inflammatory cells infiltrate in the subjacent connective tissue and initiate its destruction.

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  • Reporting that rare species are more abundant on larger islands, they make the case for greater conservation efforts on larger islands. In the next chapter, Hugo Mejía-Madrid evaluates the roles of heterochrony and ecological fitting in the evolution of helminth fish parasites. Contrary to expectations, helminth speciation lags substantially behind that of their hosts, tending to occur in pulses associated with continent jumps among hosts. Next in this section, Toshiharu Mita et al.

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  • The country case studies make clear that international partners share some of the blame, particularly because they too often fail to coordinate programs to help promote more integrated, comprehensive health care for women. However, it is equally clear that many of the obstacles are wholly local in nature: National governments and policymakers are often unable or unwilling to initiate or sustain health care programs and reforms that would improve women’s access to services and, by extension, reduce rates of vertical transmission.

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  • Some flow cytometers have the ability to physically separate different sub-populations of interest (cell sorting) depending on their cytometric characteristics (stream-in-air), thus permitting the recovery and purification of cell subsets from a mixed population for further applications (Bergquist et al., 2009; Davey, 2010).

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  • In 2008 food prices surged plunging millions back into hunger and triggering riots from Egypt to Haiti and Cameroon to Bangladesh. Whereas fuel prices, which also surged, have fallen back sharply food prices remain problematic with wheat, corn and soya still higher than they were 12-18 months ago. In order to understand the factors underpinning the food crisis and to assess trends, UNEP commissioned a Rapid Response team of internal and international experts. Their conclusions are presented in this report launched during UNEP’s 25th Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum.

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  • Water contamination weakens or destroys natural ecosystems that support human health, food production, and biodiversity. Studies have estimated that the value of ecosystem services is double the gross national product of the global economy, and the role of freshwater ecosystems in purifying water and assimilating wastes has been valued at US$ 400 billion (2008$) (Costanza et al. 1997). Freshwater ecosystems are among the most degraded on the planet, and have suffered proportionately greater species and habitat losses than terrestrial or marine ecosystems (Revenga et al. 2000).

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  • First, the concentrated decision rights within the firms allow them to operate in greater secrecy. A politician may desire more secrecy in order to maintain a reputation of integrity. The firms also prefer operating in secret in order to discourage entry by competitors. Second, compared to a hired manager in a widely held firm, a controlling owner is more secure in his position in the firm and thus has more credibility on which to trade favors with the government.

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  • The objective of the first part of the questionnaire was to gather information on the relative importance of different types of forest goods and services in the EU Member States. The respondents were asked to rank the relative importance of forest goods and services (from 1 – not important; to 5 – very important), according to their own perceptions about the total benefits forest goods and services provide to the society. The aim of the second part (Part B) of the questionnaire was to produce an overview of financing mechanisms used in the EU-27. For this purpose, the respondents...

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  • Most enterprises deal with a single end product, which indicates the high degree of specialisation of the enterprises in Jepara. The vast majority (95.5%) are enterprises run by a single extended family, while relatively few involved two (4.3%) or three (0.2%) separate families or lineages. Almost all enterprises had at least one other regular partner enterprise, even if there were no links in the ownership of the enterprises.

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  • This paper reviews these issues and discusses policies that can help further develop India’s debt market. Section II highlights and compares market development and outlook to emerging East Asian economies. Sections III and IV summarize salient characteristics, reforms and obstacles. Section V discusses the development and prospects for India’s securitization market. Section VI looks at the main market participants and the depth of the pool of available investors, arguably the most significant factor in market development. Section VII tackles policy issues.

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  • The distance measure consists of three dummy variables:7 The first indicates diary weeks starting on payday, and weeks starting 1 to 7 days after payday. The second indicates weeks starting 8 to 14 days after payday. Diary weeks beginning at distances 15 to 22 are omitted from the equation and serve as the reference category. The third dummy indicates weeks beginning 4 to 1 days before the next payday. These weeks overlap the (imputed) next payday by at least three days.

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  • Today's absolute imperative is to tackle the economic crisis and put the EU back on the road to sustainable growth. This is the number one task for this generation of Europeans. It calls for a Europe able to compete in the global economy, reshaped to seize the opportunities of the future. It requires the stable macroeconomic environment which true economic and monetary union can bring. It needs a step change in the economy, to release the many strengths Europe can bring to bear in tomorrow's economy of high innovation and high skills.

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  • Movies have always had a powerful influence on people’s behavior, from how they talk to how they dress. Tobacco marketers took advantage of this power to popularize cigarettes over cigars and to make smoking by women socially acceptable. The number of women stars posing with cigarettes in the 1930s and 1940s may have been no accident. And paying stars to endorse cigarette brands in print and billboard advertising was certainly business as usual, until smoking’s link to lung cancer shattered tobacco’s glamorous image in the early 1960s....

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  • Technically speaking, digital projection does not radically change classic film projection even though the mechanical projector head has been replaced by a digital head, the film spool by a hard disk drive and the platter system by a server. We have already paid utmost attention to these points in order to ensure that the projection quality practically remains the same. Of course, the picture is not visible on its photosensitive carrier anymore: It is from now on quantified...

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  • Excluded from the defi nition of “swap dealer” are entities entering into swaps for their own account and “not as part of a regular business.”16 Accordingly, it is likely that many private funds would be excluded from the defi nition, in the same way that private funds are generally considered to be “traders” and not “dealers” under Section 3(a)(5) of the Exchange Act because they buy and sell securities for their own account and not as part of a regular business. Additionally, a person or entity that engages in a de minimis quantity of swap dealing is not...

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  • Insurance companies provided Massachusetts in the filing address in 103 of the 173 instances where the subject address was listed as New York. For these same 173 instances, 37 filers noted New York as their filing location. Filers located in Califor- nia identified New York as the subjects’ state in 53 of the 148 instances, followed by Iowa (25), and then Massachusetts (15). Only one California filer listed its own state as the filer and subject address location.

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  • Clearly, a straightforward implication of wages being determined by sectoral conditions would be that industry-level contracts offer little scope for adjustments of individual wages to firm-specific demand shocks, even if the latter are of permanent nature. However, as demonstrated in Section 2.2, industry-level contracts do not necessarily provide an obstacle to the adjustment of wages to local conditions, as recent decentralisation tendencies in Germany have introduced the option of making such wage adjustments.

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  • The provinces have primary responsibility for property law in Canada. In all provinces except Québec, property law has developed through the English common-law process. In Québec, property law is governed by the Civil Code of Québec (which is derived from the Napoleonic Code.) There is no constitutional protection for property rights in Canada. Consequently, property can be expropriated by government and quasi-governmental authorities, but, appropriate compensation must be paid.

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  • Smart-home technology may give the nursing personnel security in that they will be warned when dangers occur in other parts of the house. The result is that the nursing personnel can concentrate entirely on one person at a time. More time may in this way be spent on human care, instead of control routines. Altered routines lead to less stress and less exhaustion for nurses. This will in the long run have a positive effect on the occupiers. Elderly people often have objections to ICT. Ignorance is often a decisive reason. Information and knowledge about ICT will be important in...

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