Recent DCF analysis highlighted the importance of improved national aid information management systems to better
track effective development cooperation targets, including on gender equality and the empowerment of women, and to
make a wide range of timely and forward-looking information (on disbursements, forecasts, progress on results, and
gender issues) widely available to all stakeholders for accountability purposes.
Media-related commercial marketing aimed at promoting the purchase of products and services by children, and by adults for children, is ubiquitous and has been associated with negative health consequences such as poor nutrition and physical inactivity. But, as Douglas Evans points out, not all marketing in the electronic media is confined to the sale of products.
Surrogacy is an agreement in which a woman becomes pregnant and gives birth to a child for
someone else. Surrogacy can be paid or unpaid, and often involves a legal contract in which the
surrogate gives up parental rights to the child she births. If the surrogate’s own eggs are used
through alternative insemination or IVF, she is known as the “genetic surrogate.” If embryos are
created using another woman’s eggs and implanted in the surrogate, she is known as the
“gestational surrogate” and has no genetic tie to the child. Hiring a surrogate in the US can...
Recent research suggests that corporate governance reforms in the non-
financial sector may not be appropriate for banks and other financial sector firms.
This is based on the view that no single corporate governance structure is appropriate
for all industry sectors, and that the application of governance models to particular
industry sectors should take account of the institutional dynamics of the specific
Both are formative structures,
mechanisms not meaning. In themselves they have no signification, they have to be
attached to an idealisation. Both pursue aims in indifference to perceptual reality,
creating the imagised, eroticised concept of the world that forms the perception of
the subject and makes a mockery of empirical objectivity. During its history, the
cinema seems to have evolved a particularillusion of reality in which this
contradiction between libido and ego has found a beautifully complementary
For middle-aged people,
disability is defined in terms of ability to work or do housework. For children,
disability is the inability to participate in mainstream education. An important
difference between functioning loss and disability is the potential influence of the
external environment. Although in practice it may sometimes be difficult to clearly
separate the two concepts, functioning loss is defined as a functioning deficit in
an individual; disability on the other hand is an inability to perform within the
In its most basic form, Lean Manufacturing is the systematic elimination of waste by focusing on
production costs, product quality and delivery, and worker involvement. In the 1950s, Taiichi Ohno,
developer of the Toyota “just-in-time” Production System, created the modern intellectual and cultural
framework for Lean Manufacturing and waste elimination. Ohno defined waste as “any human activity
which absorbs resources but creates no value.
In light of the success of viral videos sponsored by big brand
names like Levi's' "Backflip Into Jeans," Gatorade's "Ball
Girl,” and Nike's “Kobe Jumps Over Car,” advertisers and
agencies are evaluating the value of adding viral video to
their online marketing mix.
Faced with a tough economic climate, marketers are
hurriedly seeking new methods to reach web audiences in
the most cost-effective manner. Viral video - which is
generally less expensive to produce and market than
traditional advertising - is now getting its industry close-up.
This was the formula behind America’s information-technology boom in the last half of
the twentieth century. Not only did the country produce many more startups per capita
than Europe or Japan did, it consistently produced startups that grew to flagship status:
the now-defunct Digital Equipment Corp. in the 1950s, Intel and AMD in the 1960s,
Microsoft, Apple and Oracle in the ’70s, Cisco Systems and Dell in the ’80s, and
Amazon and Google in the ’90s, for example.
He discovered that the firm’s fundamental factors exercise the most significant impact on stock
prices. The EPS was found to be the most influencing factor over the market.
Studying the effects of the Iraq war on US financial markets, Rigobon and Sack (2004)
discovered that increases in war risk caused declines in Treasury yields and equity prices, a widening
of lower-grade corporate spreads, a fall in the dollar, and a rise in oil prices. A positive correlation
exists between the price of oil and war. They argue that war has a significant impact on the oil price.
Access to basic services in the community is also likely to influence the health of elders. For instance,
having an accessible health care provider will enable elderly persons to obtain needed medical attention more
easily (IOM, 2002). Similarly, ready access to a full service grocery store will provide better and more
affordable access to food supplies. Proper nutrition is known to contribute to better health in the elderly (IOM,
2000). The presence of religious institutions in the community may provide social supports that have protective
effects on health (Krause, 1998). ...
In the last 10 years, many advances have been made in the statistical modelling of time series
data on air pollution and health. Standard regression methods used initially have been almost fully
replaced by semi-parametric approaches (Speckman, 1988; Hastie and Tibshirani, 1990; Green and
Silverman, 1994) such as Generalized linear models (GLM) with regression splines (McCullagh
and Nelder, 1989), Generalized additive models (GAM) with non-parametric splines (Hastie and
Tibshirani, 1990) and GAM with penalized splines (Marx and Eilers, 1998).
This guide provides practical guidelines for policy makers on how best to review the process of policy
development and establish strategic plans for micro, small and medium enterprise development. It is a
further tool and reference source for all policy makers and actors dealing with small businesses, especially
in transition countries seeking to further develop their market economies.
Private sector development relies on a partnership between the private and public sectors.
Participants can also be encouraged to select their own anticipated speed for walking the route. This
will help you place the faster walkers at the front of the queue and the more leisurely walkers at the
back, ensuring everyone has an enjoyable experience.
The number of participants released onto the route at one time may need to be managed by stewards
- with participants gathering in a small ‘muster’ area. This control measure allows you to manage the
number of participants starting at any one time and to allow gaps to form if necessary.
Two methods are employed to examine the correlation between the top statutory tax rates and the
various measures of economic growth. In both cases, the correlation between two variables is
determined; causation, whether changes in one variable cause the other variable to change, is not
determined. The top statutory tax rates are marginal tax rates—they indicate the proportion of an
additional dollar of income that is paid in federal income tax.
This short design guide on food technology rooms in secondary schools has
been produced to help schools plan and deliver these facilities. It is based on
Building Bulletin 811
, updating the information relating to food. The guidance is
intended mainly for schools, designers and local authorities, particularly those
involved in Building Schools for the Future (BSF). It covers all aspects of planning
and designing successful food technology rooms to ensure suitable spaces for
delivering each school’s requirements.
Data on cancer relative to physical activity have been inconsistent and difficult to interpret
because cancer represents not one disease, but many distinct, site-specific diseases. To further
complicate the situation, risk factors are specific to each disease. Nevertheless, over the past
decade, increasing evidence indicates that physical activity is associated with decreased overall
cancer mortality and decreased incidence of specific types of cancers (Sternfeld, 1992; Lee,
Almost all businesses start small. The U.S. Census Bureau’s Statistics of U.S. Businesses (SUSB)
shows that over the last 20 years, about 95 percent of new employer firms started with fewer than
20 employees. Along with start-ups come closures. Firms with fewer than 20 employees also
account for 95 percent of closures. This illustrates that business turnover is the domain of small
Establishment turnover follows similar patterns.
For many years, under the definition of Communication for Development, FAO has
emphasized the critical role that participatory communication plays in involving communities
in rural development. Such a commitment to genuine participation requires
openness to the different ways of understanding and resolving problems that emerge
from the cultural, economic and agroecological realities of the communities involved.
The conference also adopted the Interlaken Declaration on Animal Genetic Resources,
which affirms countries’ commitment to the implementation of the Global Plan of Action
and to ensuring that the world’s livestock biodiversity is utilized to promote global food
security and remains available to future generations. There is strong commitment from the
government of Ethiopia to develop the livestock sector through mechanisms that ensure
conservation of the genetic resources and sustainable use....