Chapter 2 - Understanding economics and how it affects business. The goals of this chapter are: Explain basic economic, what capitalism is and how free markets work; analyze the trend toward mixed economies; describe the economic system of the U.S., including the significance of key economic indicators (especially GDP), productivity and the business cycle;...
Amongst the arguments raised against cloning has been
concern that reproductive cloning would lessen the respect
for individuals because of the feeling that they could
easily be replaced.
Every form of reproductive technology
raises some question of human values, dignity, worth and
juridical rights, some linked to the notion that the person
should not be used as a mere mechanical instrument, and
that every human individual is a non-repeatable being.
In Sweden, a largescale experiment with the 'supportive' variant
was held. When the driver exceeds local speed
limits, the gas pedal would resist with more pressure. However, the driver could overrule ISA by pressing down the gas
pedal with more power. The experiment showed a decrease in speed, and a decrease in travelling time. The users
reported they were driving safer (or at least feeling so) and smoother.
This paper presents a new approach to detecting and tracking changes in word meaning by visually modeling and representing diachronic development in word contexts. Previous studies have shown that computational models are capable of clustering and disambiguating senses, a more recent trend investigates whether changes in word meaning can be tracked by automatic methods. The aim of our study is to offer a new instrument for investigating the diachronic development of word senses in a way that allows for a better understanding of the nature of semantic change in general. ...
The Internet, a loosely-organized international collaboration of
autonomous, interconnected networks, supports host-to-host
communication through voluntary adherence to open protocols and
procedures defined by Internet Standards. There are also many
isolated internets, i.e., sets of interconnected networks, which
are not connected to the Internet but use the Internet Standards.
Internet Standards were once limited to those protocols composing
what has been commonly known as the "TCP/IP protocol suite".
To enable conversational QA, it is important to examine key issues addressed in conversational systems in the context of question answering. In conversational systems, understanding user intent is critical to the success of interaction. Recent studies have also shown that the capability to automatically identify problematic situations during interaction can signiﬁcantly improve the system performance. Therefore, this paper investigates the new implications of user intent and problematic situations in the context of question answering. ...
This paper presents an enhanced model of plan-based dialogue understanding. Most plan-based dialogue understanding models derived from [Litman and Allen, 1987] assume that the dialogue speakers have access to the same domain plan library, and that the active domain plans are shared by the two speakers. We call these features shared domain plan constraints.
Appreciating the complexity of interrelated problems and re-
gional dimensions is a first step towards assessing what capa-
bilities are required. The challenges facing Afghanistan
represent a combination of terrorism and organised crime,
involving drug trafficking and illegal arms trading, in a wid-
er regional dimension, where radicalisation is rife. Terrorism
and sectarian instability are actively advanced by both non-
state actors and regional players.
Moreover, strategies that account for predictable active management skills
tilt more heavily toward mutual funds that overweight technology and energy stocks
during recessions, and ﬁnancial and metals stocks during expansions, indicating that
business cycle variables are key to timing these industries. Remarkably, predictable skill
strategies also choose individual mutual funds within the outperforming industries that, in
turn, substantially outperform their industry benchmarks, even though these industry
benchmarks do not account for any trading costs or fees.
In the diazotrophKlebsiella pneumoniae, the nitrogen sensory protein GlnK
mediates the cellular nitrogen status towards the NifL⁄NifA system that
regulates transcription of the nitrogen fixation genes in response to ammo-nium and molecular oxygen.
This position paper argues for an interactive approach to text understanding. The proposed model extends an existing semantics-based text authoring system by using the input text as a source of information to assist the user in re-authoring its content. The approach permits a reliable deep semantic analysis by combining automatic information extraction with a minimal amount of human intervention.
This p a p e r discusses an approach to incremental learning in natural language processing. The t e c h n i q u e of projecting and integrating semantic c o n s t r a i n t s to learn word definitions is analyzed as Implemented in the POLITICS system. E x t e n s i o n s and improvements of this technique are developed. The problem of generalizing existing word meanings and understanding metaphorical uses of words Is addressed In terms of semantic constraint Integration.
Toward an R&D Program in Reading Comprehension. "One of the most vexing problems facing middle and secondary school teachers today is that many students come into their classrooms without the requisite knowledge, skills, or disposition to read and comprehend the materials placed before them. In an effort to inform the U.S.
THE DIVIDEND CONTROVERSY
We explain how companies set their dividend payments and we discuss the controversial question of how dividend policy affects the market value of the firm. The first step toward understanding dividend policy is to recognize
In the last chapter we introduced you to call and put options. Call options give the owner the right to buy an asset at a specified exercise price; put options give the right to sell. We also took the first step toward understanding how options are valued.
Phototrophic green bacteria, phototrophic purple
bacteria, and heliobacteria are three groups of bacteria that use anoxygenic photosynthesis.
Anoxygenic phototrophs have photosynthetic pigments called bacteriochlorophylls.
Bacteriochlorophyll a and b have maxima wavelength absorption at 775 nm and 790 nm,
respectively in ether. Unlike oxygenic phototrophs, anoxygenic photosynthesis only
functions using a single photosystem. This restricts them to cyclic electron flow only, and
they are therefore unable to produce O2 from the oxidization of H2O.
(BQ) Ebook Food Additives should be useful to those in the universitis, goverment organization, consumer group and food companies. It should provide a basic for practical selection pf additives for use in food , for understanding the benefit and risk of the more than 2500 additives in use worldwide, for selection of additives needing further study and research, and for understanding the role of goverment in dertermining use of food of additives.
. Like the butterfly on the second edition, the swallow on this edition signals new beginnings—as student, teacher, and text writer come together in our shared journey toward the learning of a new language.
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most fatal human malignancies with extremely poor
prognosis making it the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United
States. The molecular mechanisms of pancreatic carcinogenesis are not well
understood. The major focus of these two books is towards the understanding of the
basic biology of pancreatic carcinogenesis, identification of newer molecular targets
and the development of adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapies.
There are many different types of organisation, none of them necessarily the best or the worst but all geared towards enabling an organisation to achieve its objectives as quickly, easily and inexpensively as possible. Most management writers have offered differing views on which types of organisation can work best in which contexts. All these views are valid but some may not be as appropriate to certain kinds of organisation as others.