Trade liberalization

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  • This book has been in the making since 2002, when the Ford Foundation generously gave a grant to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) for a project to explore the linkages between trade liberalization, women’s employment, and reproductive health and rights at the macro- and micro-levels.

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  • Openness and trade liberalization are now seen almost universally as key components of the national policy cocktail required for economic growth and aggregate economic well-being. They are believed to have been central to the remarkable growth of industrial countries since the mid-20th century and to the examples of successful economic development since around 1970. The continued existence of widespread and abject poverty, on the other hand, represents perhaps the greatest failure of the contemporary global economy and the greatest challenge it faces as we enter the 21st century.

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  • fast pace. As part of the structural adjustment programmes of the late 1980s and early 1990s Bangladesh undertook a number of initiatives towards trade liberalisation and trade promotion to stimulate exports and encourage investment in export-oriented activities. The major objective of these reforms was removal of anti-export bias, introduction of incentives for exports and facilitation of participation in global labour market.

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  • This book is on trade in Climate Smart Goods and Other Specialized Products of Ecuador. The interest in the subject of Trade in Climate Smart Goods was fuelled by Ecuador’s positive trade balance with the rest of the Andean Community and MERCOSUR region in 2010. This may be a reflection of Ecuador’s maturity in dealing with environmental issues since the early 1980s.The study is also able to identify some specialized industries and identify markets for the two digit and 6 digit industries for Ecuador using RCA and Export Specialization indices...

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: The implications of trade liberalization for diet and health: a case study from Central America

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  • The 1980s and 1990s have been critical periods for Thailand’s development. After an initial period of instability in the early 1980s, Thailand’s economy expanded at an average pace of 9 percent p.a. during 1987–96, while the number of households below the poverty line dropped from 32.6 percent in 1988 to 16.3 percent in 1996. During this period, Thailand’s economy also underwent deep structural changes, including the liberalization of its financial sector and the integration of its economy with global financial and product markets.

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  • Globalization exerts positive and negative impacts on health and has been linked to reduced government expenditures on health, education, and social programs, and restructured workplace and home life. Globalization is altering gender roles and relationships and influencing health determinants. Asymmetric rights and responsibilities, labor market segregation, consumption patterns, and discrimination are influenced differently by globalization and affect men and women’s health in distinct ways.

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  • The three chapters of this report cover an assessment on the impacts of China ’s accession to the WTO (World Trade Organization), an analysis on Free Trade Areas in China, Japan and Korea, and an analysis on the perspectives and issues of Japanese and Korean direct investment in China, with a focus on technology transfer. These three areas represent the major issues related to the trend toward liberalized trade and investment in Northeast Asia.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'market liberalism, growth, and economic development in latin america', kinh doanh - tiếp thị, quản trị kinh doanh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The liberalization of U.S. trade policy towards Vietnam raised concerns about possible dumping by Vietnamese clothing exporters. Some members of Congress and U.S. clothing and textiles companies argued that a surge in Vietnamese imports may harm the U.S. clothing and textile industry.

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  • We focus on the impact of two main policy changes: first, the increase in the rice export quota and the significant increase in the price of rice, especially in the south; second, liberalization of the fertilizer market and the sharp drop in the price of fertilizer. To this end, we document changes in the empirically observable “institutional environment,” exploring changes in rice and other crop prices as well as fertilizer prices.

    pdf56p chuotchuot09 03-12-2015 11 2   Download

  • The international community finds itself at a crossroads as it goes into the last quarter of 2003. Will the Doha Agenda regenerate the multilateral consensus that has been the hallmark of successive rounds of trade liberalization since 1947 and in doing so provide new impetus for global integration? Or will the Doha Agenda collapse in stalemate and perhaps be viewed as the moment when the international community retreated from multilateralism and opened the floodgates for less desirable bilateral and regional arrangements?...

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  • 8 International Economics: Mutual Benefit or Imperialism? Mainstream economics emphasizes the positive possibilities of international trade and investment to such an extent that most economists have difficulty imagining how more free trade, more international lending

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  • This publication consists of six parts. The first part is intended to provide readers with an overview of the insurance sector from the perspective of developing countries. It considers developing country shares in the global insurance market, regulatory and trade liberalization issues that developing countries are faced with as well as suggestions as to how developing countries can identify areas of competence within the insurance services sector.

    pdf153p thangbienthai 27-11-2012 29 9   Download

  • Computable General Equilibrium— Microsimulation Model: Economic and Poverty Impacts of Trade Liberalization in Indonesia - Giới thiệu Chính phủ Indonesia đã tích cực theo đuổi tự do hóa thương mại đơn phương, song phương, khu vực và đa phương trong hai thập kỷ qua.

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  • Multinationals, as most people would know, recognize, admire, fear, and criticize, have been variously characterized for more than three decades. In the 1970s, an American, a British, or a European company that had subsidiaries in two or more countries was called a multinational corporation. In the 1980s, considering the history of foreign investment, a variety of nonmanufacturing companies—such as banks, insurance companies, and trading companies— also came to be recognized as multinational companies....

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  • Poverty Reduction Integrated Simulation Model: Trade Liberalization in the Philippines, The Need for Further Reform - Giới thiệu Trong những năm 1980, những bước tiến đáng kể đã được thực hiện trong cải cách chính sách thương mại Philippines. Mức thuế suất được giảm, cơ cấu thuế quan đã được đơn giản hoá, và nhập khẩu nonessentials, không được phân loại, hoặc bán sản phẩm phân loại bị cấm.

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  • The Committee evaluated the impact of its regulatory regimes on trade finance for low income countries. For those countries, confirmed letters of credit are of specific importance. Confirmed letters of credit provide exporters with additional protection against any losses incurred from importers’ and issuing banks’ failure to meet their obligations of payments.

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  • The principal themes pursued in this book emerge from the great transformation that the Latin American and the Caribbean economies experienced in the aftermath both of the foreign debt crisis of 1982 and of the macroeconomic stabilisation policies that vividly and painfully produced the so- called ‘lost decade’ of the 1980s.

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  • This book examines the intersection of WTO trade liberalisation rules and domestic health protection, a subject that is of considerable interest to those concerned that the WTO impinges on national regulatory auto- nomy. In analysing the tension between health protection and trade liber- alisation, the book focuses on the way in which this tension is (or is not) resolved through the dispute resolution process.

    pdf290p lyly_5 22-03-2013 19 4   Download

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