Herbs and traditional medicines are being extensively used for healthcare in
almost all the countries since times immemorial. Ancient religious texts are replete
with references on the use of natural products with medicinal properties. Because of
local beliefs and practices and also from cost considerations herbal medicines remain
a popular mode of treatment in the developing countries. Even in the industrialised
society the rising cost of prescription drugs and ensuing side effects of the treatment
make it highly attractive to use the traditional medicine particularly for minor ailments....
General Theme: Nowadays the market, and neo-liberalism in general,
seems to be in disarray. With support waning for an unfettered market, various
critics are seeking alternatives. In this book, the idea is that a new way of
thinking about the economy may be productive, particularly one that does not
rely on an unregulated market to secure economic order. In this context, the
notion of a ―post-market society‖ is introduced to describe this shift in
This book was triggered when, as a novice medical student in Oxford, I
first read Dr Paul Tournier’s Doctor’s Casebook in the Light of the Bible. At that
time I was searching for a bridge between the basic sciences and the
Christian faith tradition.
Much later, at a meeting of the International Medicine of the Person
Group in Prague, 1993, I was intrigued by the memories and wholesome
relationships of these continental doctors and their families.
Everything we heard is an opinion, not a fact. Everything we see is an perspective, not the truth.
Some people believe in the traditional idea that the woman’s place is in the home, while others say that idea is outdated and that women should play an increasingly important role in the workplace of the future. What is your opinion?
Majority of people nowadays value equal rights between men and women. Undoubtedly these modern societies believe women are as capable as men.
Illness and death are important events for people everywhere. No one is spared. However, faith and medical practice not the same everywhere. How do people understand the causes of illness and death and how they deal with these events culture different from culture. It is not surprising therefore that the medical practitioners and others are becoming increas ingly aware of the need to understand the influence of the social and cultural beliefs and medical practice. Culture the usual ways of thinking and acting in a society often affect the outcome of disease, illness and even occur.
What constitutes a just tax system, and what are its moral foundations? Should a society's tax regime be designed to achieve a just distribution of wealth among its citizens, or should such a regime be designed to promote economic growth, rising standards of living, and increasing levels of employment? Are these two goals compatible or incompatible? Why should justice not require, or at least lead to, an increase in general prosperity? The essays in this volume examine the history of tax policies and the normative principles that have informed the selection of various types of taxes and tax...
Similarly, in societies where women are engaged in waged or money-
based enterprise, trachoma diminishes their economic capacity.
In addition, trachomatous blindness is an unnecessary sensory loss,
which results in substantial pain and suffering. In aging women,
trachomatous blinding may be compounded by a variety of disabilities,
such as arthritis. But unlike arthritis, trachomatous blinding is easily
Trachoma can be treated in its early stages and subsequent blindness
prevented, but in order to accomplish this, it must be identified and
Displacing older people as heads of households
and depriving them of their autonomy in the name
of affection are cultural norms even in countries
where the family is the central institution and the
sense of filial obligation is strong (11). Such
infantilization and overprotection can leave the
older person isolated, depressed and demoralized,
and can be considered a form of abuse. In some
traditional societies, older widows are abandoned
and their property seized.
Broadly defined, an audit is a systematic review of operations and practices
to ensure that relevant requirements are met.Traditionally, the term audit is
associated with principles of accounting. Because of this,many people perceive
a safety audit as an Internal Revenue Service (IRS) procedure or a financial
accounting procedure. Indeed, the safety audit may apply similar methodolo-
gies used in financial audits to mitigate safety risks within any facility or opera-
tion. A sound business enterprise must check its safety practices as carefully as
its accounting records.
The rate of technological progress is encouraging increasingly sophisticated lines of
enquiry in cognitive neuroscience and shows no sign of slowing down in the
foreseeable future. Nevertheless, it is unlikely that even the strongest advocates of the
cognitive neuroscience approach would maintain that advances in cognitive theory
have kept in step with methods-based developments. There are several candidate
reasons for the failure of neuroimaging studies to convincingly resolve many of the
most important theoretical debates in the literature.
For anyone who might still doubt the existence
of an overall European culture and its
coexistence in permanent dialogue with
national cultures, the history of restoration, as
presented by architect Jukka Jokilehto, should
be a convincing demonstration.
The modern concept of restoration, fruit of
a long historical process, was shaped in the
eighteenth century with the development of
Western historical thought and as a result of
tension between the rationalism of the
Enlightenment and pre-Romantic and Romantic
A gender audit is essentially a “social audit”, and belongs to the category of “quality audits”,
which distinguishes it from traditional “ﬁ nancial audits”. It considers whether internal practices
and related support systems for gender mainstreaming are effective and reinforce each other and
whether they are being followed. It establishes a baseline; identiﬁ es critical gaps and challenges;
and recommends ways of addressing them, suggesting possible improvements and innovations.
It also documents good practices towards the achievement of gender equality.
The development of a legal apparatus for the protection of property rights
has evolved in tandem with the evolution and expansion of industrial
society. One aspect of this development has been the emergence of a legal
apparatus for intellectual property protection – a notoriously vague and
often intangible area, but one that nevertheless encompasses copyright,
patent, and trademark law. This trend has seen not only the consolidation
of intellectual property protection at the national level, but also the emer-
gence of a transnational, and increasingly global apparatus.
In Hum Saath Saath Hain (1999), story of a typical Indian joint family, the younger to-be daughter-in-law of the
house (Sonali Bendre) is a doctor by profession. However, she is never shown in a professional set up. Instead
she is the coy, traditional kind of a girl who dutifully obeys her would be in-laws and subscribes to „Indianness‟.
Her family identity dominates her professional identity. In films such as these, the „homely‟ role of the women
was reinforced by use of symbols like „mangalsutra‟, „sindoor‟ and elaborate wedding customs.
Business models used in emerging Asia and traditional western markets were at odds. In the west,
transparency was the keystone, providing clear rules and disclosures for how business should be
conducted, and shareholder value maximisation became the universal mantra. With few exceptions,
the largest and best corporations were privately held and usually the bulk of their stock was traded on
By the early 1870's, leading figures from both the health professions and the general public had begun to
realize the necessity for having the medical sciences represented in the Smithsonian Institution. The impetus
behind this new feeling resulted from the action of a distinguished American physician, philanthropist, and
author, Joseph Meredith Toner (1825-1896), and came almost a decade before the integration of a new section
concerned with research and the historical and educational aspects of the healing arts in the Smithsonian
In 1872, Dr.
Two types of diversions are reported by the water use database: interbasin (transfers that take
place between the Great Lakes basin and another watershed) and intrabasin (transfers that take
place between one of the Great Lakes watersheds and another); both types can be either
incoming or outgoing.
Of the two types, interbasin diversions (transfers that take place between the Great Lakes basin
and another watershed) have traditionally been of greater interest to water supply managers and
the public. Interbasin diversions shown in the tables as a positive number (e.g.
Professor Claus Westermann of the University of Heidelberg is well known
to Old Testament scholars and students in the English-speaking world. A number
of his important books have already been translated. He has visited the United
States of America several times and was made an honorary member of the Society
of Biblical Literature. In 1977 he was honored by the British Academy with the
Burkitt Medal for Biblical Studies.
For almost twenty-five years Professor Westermann was engaged in a commentary
on the book of Genesis.
It is forty years since Humanist Manifesto I (1933) appeared. Events since then make that earlier statement
seem far too optimistic. Nazism has shown the depths of brutality of which humanity is capable. Other
totalitarian regimes have suppressed human rights without ending poverty. Science has sometimes brought
evil as well as good. Recent decades have shown that inhuman wars can be made in the name of peace.
The philosophy of art tends towards analysing the relations
between art and such matters as the True and the Good, matters which are beyond the
formal qualities of works of art. It is perhaps worth emphasizing that practices similar to
those of Western art criticism and philosophy are to be found in other cultures. These
practices are worthy of study in their own right. According to the terminology adopted in
this essay, however, they are not the aesthetics of a society, but its art criticism or its