Urban design is a diffuse and abstract term. It means different things to
different people. For those not directly involved in its practice or aware of
its effects on their daily lives, it may not mean much, if anything at all. I first
heard the term in architecture school, but I didn’t really think much about
what it might mean until my schoolmate Jonathan Barnett started using it
to describe his aspiration to put together with some of his colleagues a
design capability in the New York City government.
In the Christian tradition, the doctrine of ‘just war’ has evolved throughout the last 1,700
years, originating with St. Augustine and later significantly shaped by St Thomas Aquinas,
both of whom developed ideas of the Greek philosopher Aristotle and the Roman philosopher
Saint Augustine (354-430) served as Bishop of Hippo for 34 years. His idea of just
war has two foundations. The first, owing much to the Eastern religious traditions, is that in
all things a person should not act out of selfish considerations.
A descriptive analysis by frequency counting, central trends measures and dispersion was
made for those continuous type variables, as some of the variables inherent to laborers, and
environmental and biological measurements. Continuous variables were transformed to
normalize them. We also explored possible relationships between some variables and they
were crossed by constructing contingency tables. We used the Student's t tests and chi
square tests for the comparison of quantitative and categorical variables.
Credit scores, as a quantitative shorthand for credit histories, increase the potential for
customized pricing of credit based on the risk an individual poses. Some argue that
charging more to consumers defined as higher risk would remove some of the cost of risk
carried by the general consumer population, and would allow for price reductions among
consumers who pose less risk.
In a broad sense, land grabbing is not a new phenomenon.
It has been a recurrent pattern in human history. Neverthe-
less, over the last few years, a new type of land grabbing has
arisen, and these shifts in land acquisition trends have caught
the attention of the international community. One of the re-
cent changes is that not only agribusiness in its narrow sense
(producing sector) has an increased interest in land, but also
transnational corporations upstream and downstream the value
We interviewed officials in EPA’ s Office of Water; Office of Policy,
Planning, and Evaluation; and all 10 of EPA’ s regional offices. On the bssis
of these discussions and our literature review, we identified four projects
in which pollutant trading has occurred or has been proposed. We then
visited these four projectrs--the Dillon and Cherry Creek reservoirs in
Colorado, the Tar-Pamlico River basin in North Carolina, and the Fox
River in Wisconsin-and interviewed ...
The definition of car-sharing presented here and the quality standards and requirements
discussed can provide guidelines both for the establishment of car-sharing administered by
oneself and for the purchase of car-sharing services. To ensure that the car-sharing being
established is effective, it is important to bear in mind what distinguishes such a scheme from
traditional car-rental services, namely the ready access to vehicles, in terms of where these are
placed and how keys are managed, and of its being possible to book cars for short periods of
The rise and valuing of human reason is a driving and organizing force
in the story of Western philosophy and civilization. It would be a mistake,
however, to believe that the story of Western culture is only about the
importance of reason and control. Even as the Tradition of reason was
given form in the Greek idea of logos, a parallel tradition—one that
would be received less favorably in the millennia to follow—was emerg-
ing. An early example is ...
The Readymade did not and was not able to address itself to
depiction; its concern is with the object, and so if we were to
classify it within the canonical forms it would be sculpture. But
no-one who has thought about it accepts that a Readymade is
sculpture. Rather it is an object that transcends the traditional
classifications and stands as a model for art as a whole, art as a
historical phenomenon, a logic, and an institution. As Thierry
de Duve has so well demonstrated, this object designates itself
as the abstraction ‘art as such’, the thing that can...
This sustained defence concerns the physical safety of citi-
zens, territory and interests, legal culture and liberty. It will
be played out in many theatres, and will cover many policy
domains that have traditionally been kept separate from each
other. Understanding how different matters are interrelated is
a very important first step in beginning to be able to address
Academic Article: Hot Weather Comparative Heat Balances in Pervious Concrete and Impervious Concrete Pavement Systems focuses on a site in Iowa where both a pervious concrete and a traditional concrete paving system have been installed and where temperatures were recorded within the systems for extended time periods. The analyses cover days with negligible antecedent precipitation and high air temperatures, which are extreme conditions for UHI impact.
Critics sometimes point out that public transit requires more public subsidy per
passenger-mile than automobile travel, but this comparison is unfair (“Transit
Evaluation,” VTPI 2009). About half of transit subsidies are intended to provide basic
mobility (service at times and locations with low demand, and special services for people
with disabilities), which requires large subsidy per passenger-mile. Transit operates on
major urban corridors where any form of transport is costly to provide.
Women's involvement in the formal sector has mainly been urban-based, as civil servants in
the health and education sectors, where they had a sizeable presence before the conflict. This
was severely disrupted by the strong restrictions on female employment during the Taliban
period. Currently, close to one-third of all teachers are female, while an estimated 40% of all
basic health facilities lack female staff, a clear constraint to delivering basic services (health, in
particular) to women.
The milk production system in Pakistan is characterized by large
numbers of small, geographically dispersed dairy producers who have
marketable surpluses of milk but face diseconomies of scale in marketing it
to demand centers in distant urban areas. The traditional middlemen who
procure milk from rural areas close to the cities offer at best modest returns
to the farmers. In the past couple of decades, two institutional developments
have taken place in the milk processing sector.
ADC’s Digivance® Street-Level Coverage
Solution (SCS) helps wireless service providers
improve capacity in areas where restrictive
zoning requirements prohibit deployment of
traditional base station network equipment.
The SCS distributed antenna system (DAS)
utilizes patented digital RF transport-overfiber
technology to distribute wireless
service between existing cell sites and SCS
remote antenna units. The small-form-factor,
environmentally hardened, Remote Units
offer multiple mounting options that easily
blend into the existing environment.
This book is designed as a supplementary text for upper division under-
graduate and graduate real estate investment courses. The CD-ROM included
with the book contains spreadsheets for data analysis tailored speciﬁcally
to real estate settings. The major thrust is to bridge the gap between theory
and practice by showing the student how to implement his real estate
education in the real world.
The study of real estate follows long traditions grounded in Urban
Economics and Finance.
In 1978, China had only one bank. This acted both as the central bank and the commercial
bank, but today there are six commercial banks, a few regional banks, and urban and rural
credit co-operations, as well as the central bank. The further reform in China's financial
system is still in progress.
Before 1978, there were no advertisements in China, but today advertisements are part of the
daily life of China's masses.
The crisis that now envelops health systems with such resounding impact on the poor
must also be understood in historical context. Most countries in Asia and Africa found
themselves at independence confronting the legacy of a colonial health system that had focused
almost exclusively on urban, tertiary hospitals. Traditional providers of different kinds,
unconnected to the state, were the major sources of health care outside the family.
There can be little doubt that organized disaster behaviors are an inherent
trait among people throughout the world and throughout history. In the past,
organized disaster behaviors were primarily in reaction to life-threatening
events arising in the natural environment. These reactions reflected our adaptive
ability in an often chaotic natural world to initiate organized social
survival skills. They have stood us in good stead for millennia. Today, we face
disasters of our own making.