; the data and assumptions are sound; the findings are useful and advance knowledge; the implications and recommendations follow logically from the findings and are explained thoroughly; the documentation is accurate, understandable, cogent, and temperate in tone; the research demonstrates understanding of related previous studies; and the research is relevant, objective, independent, and balanced. Peer review is conducted by research professionals who
Shape memory alloys have become in the past decades a well established research subject. However, the complex relations between properties and structure have created a continuously growing interest for a deeper insight all this time. The complexity of relationships between structure and properties is mostly related to the fact that strong ?multidimensional? interactions are taking place: from the early studies focusing on the thermal and/or mechanical induced phase transformations to the more recent findings on the magnetically induced structural changes.
The socialist fiscal system was implicit in the vertical structure of planning and
prices. In the Soviet Union, virtually all investment activity was channeled through the
budget. The primary nominal sources of tax revenue were enterprise profits and resource
rents, turnover taxes charged on the difference between retail prices of consumer goods
and their nominal enterprise cost, and profits of a foreign trade monopoly.
Tham khảo sách 'implementing the new biology decadal challenges linking food, energy, and the environment', khoa học tự nhiên, công nghệ môi trường phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
In Africa after independence, many countries attempted to ‘modernize’ their agricultural sectors through
large-scale farming, providing subsidized credit, machinery, and land. These efforts almost universally
failed (Eicher and Baker 1992). One of the largest and most well-documented cases was mechanized large
scale sorghum and sesame production in Sudan that originated in attempts by financiers from the Gulf
following the 1970s oil price spike, to transform the country into a regional breadbasket.
Despite this disparity in the quantity of environmental releases, dioxins and
furans have dominated the debate over regulatory controls of the effluents from pulp and
paper plants that use chlorine bleaching because chlorinated phenols and volatile
organochlorines are estimated to be very much less toxic.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học 'Respiratory Research cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Expression of parathyroid hormone-related protein during immortalization of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells by HTLV-1: Implications for transformation...
Despite this, there is little evidence that actual or expected future sales
significantly affected asset prices. Graph 5 (centre and right-hand panels)
shows time series of price quotes for selected high-spread securitised assets,
distressed bonds and leveraged loans. True, the price of US leveraged loans
fell and spreads on some securitised assets rose after the EBA capital target
announcement, consistent with the deleveraging implications of this news.
The evolution of India’s automotive industry is identified to have occurred in four phases. In
the first (1947-1965) and second phase (1966-1979), the important policies identified were
related to protection, indigenisation and regulation of the industry. On the one hand, these
policies helped India to build an indigenous automotive industry, while on the other it led to
unsatisfactory industry performance. In the third phase (1980-1990), the single most
important policy identified was the one with regard to relaxation in the means of technology
New genomic technologies are changing the way we analyze diseases from one gene and one patient at a time, to
population-wide analysis of entire genomes. These evolving tools are transforming how we do genetics and genomics, and
have the potential to dramatically impact our understanding of a broad spectrum of diseases. While Canada has made
significant investments in health genomics, the vast majority of these efforts have been focused on adult diseases.
The use of the Internet and other digital information technologies by
the scientific, technical, and medical (STM) research community in the
United States and most other countries has transformed many aspects of
the research and publishing process. The new technologies have created
fundamental changes in the production, management, dissemination, and
use of all types of information. It is now possible to communicate research
results much more quickly, broadly, and openly than was possible through
traditional print publications in the past.
Amyloid deposits with Arg124 mutated TGFBI protein
havebeen identified inautosomal dominant blindingcorneal
dystrophies.We assessedin vitrothe mechanisms determin-ing TGFBI protein amyloid transformation involving
mutations of Arg124.Eight peptides synthesized following
the TGFBI protein sequence, centered on codon Arg124
holding the previously reported amyloidogenic mutations
and the respective controls were studied.Cys124 andHis124
mutated peptide preparations contained significantly higher
amounts of amyloid than the native peptide....
The dialogue between science and religion is one of the most prominent and
visible discourses of our time. The complex but enduring relationship between
the sciences and diverse world religions has now transformed itself into what
some are calling a new scholarly field of science and religion. This multifaceted
conversation has developed into a sustained and dynamic discourse with direct
implications for contemporary culture. This discourse affects all religions, in
both their intellectual and social dimensions.
The research field of gene therapy and the clinical practice of medicine evolving
from the research are fast moving, ever-changing disciplines. On an almost daily
basis, there appears in the media a “breaking story” of a gene-based research finding.
An implication of the story is that this research breakthrough will speedily transform,
in the next few years, into a marvelous new therapy in molecular genetic
THE ANTI-FOUNDATIONAL DILEMMA: NORMATIVE
IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LAW. In recent years, traditional legal systems have been increasingly challenged by the rapid and wide-ranging changes induced by modern technology and science which constantly transform our economies and societies
Recently, Th17 cells were identified as a new subset of T helper cells unrelated to Th1 or Th2
cells. They are a subset of T helper cells characterized by IL-17 production, differentiated
from naïve T cells in the presence of both transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and IL-6 in
mice, and are implicated in the pathogenesis of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis
(EAE) and collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) (Langrish et al. 2005).
The risk-free yield curve also has fundamental implications for financial stability. It defines
the terms of maturity transformation in an economy. Partly because of regulation, the “safe”
assets that banks and institutional investors hold on their balance sheets are largely
government bonds. The yield on government bonds will influence other risk exposures taken
by the financial industry. And it is long-term rates – not short-term rates – that help determine
the prices of long-term assets.
Globally, clinker is typically produced in rotary kilns. Rotary kilns can be either wet
process or dry process kilns. Wet process rotary kilns are more energy-intensive and have
been rapidly phased out over the past few decades in almost all industrialized countries
except the US and the former Soviet Union.
In the quest for knowledge, it is not uncommon for researchers to push the limits
of simulation techniques to the point where they have to be adapted or totally new
techniques or approaches become necessary. True multiscale modeling techniques
are becoming increasingly necessary given the growing interest in materials and
processes on which large-scale properties are dependent or that can be tuned by their
low-scale properties. An example would be nanocomposites, where embedded nanostructures
completely change the matrix properties due to effects occurring at the
This paper analyses the root causes of rural
outmigration, focusing on its economic and social
implications. It takes as its starting point the fact
that mobility is inherent in human existence.
Livelihoods and sociocultural changes are
intimately connected with population movements.
To understand present and fast-developing trends
in human mobility, we examine the origins of
migratory movements and discern how such
transformations actually affect the natural resource
base, as well as how they shape livelihoods and