(BQ) Part 2 book "Descriptive inorganic chemistry" has contents: The group 15 elements - the pnictogens; the group 18 elements - the noble gases, transition metal complexes, properties of the 3d transition metals, properties of the 4d and 5d transition metals, the group 12 elements,...and other contents.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài:
Solar light-driven photocatalytic hydrogen evolution over ZnIn2S4 loaded with transition-metal sulfides
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: First-Principles Study of Magnetic Properties of 3d Transition Metals Doped in ZnO Nanowires
(BQ) Part 2 book "Instant notes - Inorganic chemistry" has contents: Chemistry of nonmetals, chemistry of non-transition metals, chemistry of transition metals, lanthanides and actinides, environmental, biological and industrial aspects.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Advanced organic chemistry (Part A: Reactions and synthesis)" has contents: Reactions involving transition metals; reactions involving carbocations, carbenes, and radicals as reactive intermediates; aromatic substitution reactions; multistep syntheses,...and other contents.
Cathodoluminescence (CL) is a non-destructive technique to characterize optical and
electronic properties of nanostructures in many kinds of materials. Major subject is to
investigate basic parameters in semiconductors, impurities in oxides and phase
determination of minerals. CL is similar to photoluminescence (PL) technique, but the
excitation by high energy electrons can produce all the transition to the higher energy
excitation states and induce light emission in the wide energy range concerned with
versatile types of electronic transitions in materials....
Polyurethane [PU] is a class of polymers built up of carabamate linkages, which
provide special characteristics to the material. It is the outcome of pioneering research
work of Otto Bayer and his coworkers in 1937 at I.G. Farben laboratories, in
Leverkusen, Germany. Initial PU consisted of foams and fibres, while today,
innovations and researches in the past decades have brought colossal changes in the
world of PU.
The annual production of various polymers can be measured only in billion tons of which polyolefins alone figure around 100 million tons per year. In addition to radical and ionic polymerization, a large part of this huge amount is manufactured by coordination polymerization technology. The most important Ziegler-Natta, chromium- and metallocene-based catalysts, however, contain early transition metals which are too oxophilic to be used in aqueous media.
Solubility of the catalysts in water is determined by their overall hydrophilic nature which may arise either as a consequence of the charge of the complex ion as a whole, or may be due to the good solubility of the ligands. Although transition metal complexes with small ionic ligands, such as halides, pseudohalides or simple carboxylates can be useful for specific reactions the possibility of the variation of such ligands is very limited. As in organometallic catalysis in general, phosphines play a leading role in aqueous organometallic catalysis (AOC), too.
This volume, of a two volume set on ionic liquids, focuses on the applications of ionic liquids in a growing range of areas. Throughout the 1990s, it seemed that most of the attention in the area of ionic liquids applications was directed toward their use as solvents for organic and transition-metal-catalyzed reactions. Certainly, this interest continues on to the present date, but the most innovative uses of ionic liquids span a much more diverse field than just synthesis.
Chemical precipitation and complexation are primarily important for the inorganic species.
The formation of coordination complexes is typical behaviour of transition metals, which
provide the cation or central atom. Ligands include common inorganic anions such as Cl
as well as organic molecules such as amino acids. Such
complexation may facilitate the transport of metals.
Biodegradation is a reaction process mediated by microbial activity (a biotic reaction).
Depending on their structures, polyphenols (e.g. tea polyphenols) could also act by chelating
prooxidant transition metal ions such as Fe2+, which are involved in reactions eliciting free
radical production, including hydroxyl radicals (OH•) and alkoxyl radicals (RO•) (Dufresne &
Single crystal X-ray crystallography is the most common and easily accessible way to
determine the molecular structure of any crystalline material. This method provides
two kinds of information which are needed for understanding both single molecule
properties and bulk material properties:
1. Molecular Structure - Single Molecules:
Unambiguous and three-dimensional information about the structure of the molecular
The ﬁrst chapter (236) in this volume of the Handbook on the Physics and Chem-
istry of Rare Earth is a recapitulation of the scientiﬁc achievements and contri-
butions made by the late Professor LeRoy Eyring (1919–2005) to the science of
the lanthanide oxides in which the lanthanide element has a valence equal to or
greater than three. Although LeRoy had a broad range of interests in the chemistry
of the rare earths and actinides the main focus of his outstanding scientiﬁc career
was concerned with the lanthanide higher oxides. This chapter was written by Dr.
But with other POPs the transition to safer alternatives will require more effort.
Alternatives may be more expensive and their manufacture and use more complicated. That
could put developing countries in an awkward spot – struggling from day to day, the world's
poor tend to use what they can afford and what is available. So it is not enough for the
Convention simply to say No to its target list of POPs: It must also help governments find a
way to say Yes to replacement solutions.
Take the case of DDT.
In this paper, materials of ZnS:Cu, ZnS:Mn and ZnO:Co were prepared by ceramic method and co-precipitated method. The presence of transition metals such as Cu2+(3d9), Mn2+(3d5) in ZnS and Co2+(3d7) in ZnO make blue bands at around 476 nm, 486 nm and green band at around 514 nm disappeared. Simultaneously, there are luminescence bands at around 533 nm, 582 nm, 693 nm for bulk samples of ZnS:Cu, ZnS:Mn, ZnO:Co and 603 nm for nanocrystalline sample of ZnS:Mn.
It is not yet clear how exposure to low ambient concentrations of particulates might
produce the health effects observed in epidemiological studies and whether certain
attributes of particles may be more closely associated to these health effects.
The characteristics of particles that are being investigated for their roles in causing
health effects include metal content, particle size, and particles as carriers of other toxic
compounds (such as gases or biological toxins from bacteria and pollens etc.).
2D nanomaterials such as graphene and transition metal dichal cogenides (TMDCS) have shown outstanding potential in many ﬁelds such as ﬂ exible electronics, sensing and optics due to their desirable physical and structural properties. High quality black phosphorus atomic layers by liquid phase exfoliation include Experimental Section; Supporting Information and Acknowledgements.
Since chemical vapor deposition of carbon-containing precursors onto
transition metals tends to develop as the preferred growth process for the mass
production of graphene films, the deep understanding of its mechanism becomes
mandatory. In the case of nickel, which represents an economically viable catalytic
substrate, the solubility of carbon is significant enough so that the growth mechanism
proceeds in at least two steps: the dissolution of carbon in the metal followed
by the precipitation of graphene at the surface.
Polymers present a class of materials that play a role of importance growing in catalysis. Polymeric catalysts based on polypropylene-polyacrylic acid (PP-APA) were prepared by the two methods: co-polymerization in the presence of transition metal ions (Cu(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Mn(II)…) and soaking method. Their catalytic activity was determined by oxidation reactions of ions S2- and hydroquinone by molecular oxygen in normal condition.